Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition colorectal cancer
Treatments mailing of fit kit directly to patient, mailed invitation to pick up lab requisition and then kit, mailing completed kits in for processing, dropping completed kits at lab for processing
Sponsor Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
Collaborator Cancer Care Ontario
Start date April 2012
End date April 2013
Trial size 28 participants
Trial identifier NCT01754896, 209-2011

Summary

Prior to implementation of new colorectal cancer (CRC) screening technology (fecal immunochemical test - FIT) in Ontario, there is a need for a laboratory and field assessment to validate and optimize its use in the Ontario climate and conditions (e.g., large geographic area) and to determine whether adjustments to the current structure of the ColonCancerCheck (CCC) Program would be required.

This study consists of 2 phases. Phase 1 consists of laboratory testing of FIT kits to evaluate analytical performance relevant to the requirements of the CCC Program. Phase 2 is a field assessment to evaluate the effect of different distribution and return methods and pre-labeling of kits on uptake and completion of the tests. The entire study will take 12-18 months to complete, with patients being recruited through family physicians in patient enrollment model (PEM) family practices across the province of Ontario.

This Clinical Trials registration relates to Phase 2 of the study.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model factorial assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose health services research
Arm
(Experimental)
Mailing of FIT kit directly to patient. Mailing completed kits in for processing.
mailing of fit kit directly to patient
Patient receives a mailed invitation to participate in CRC screening, with a FIT screening kit included.
mailing completed kits in for processing
Patients mails completed kit in for processing using postage-paid reply envelope provided.
(Experimental)
Mailing of FIT kit directly to patient. Dropping completed kits at lab for processing.
mailing of fit kit directly to patient
Patient receives a mailed invitation to participate in CRC screening, with a FIT screening kit included.
dropping completed kits at lab for processing
Patient takes completed FIT in to lab patient service centre for processing.
(Experimental)
Mailed invitation to pick up lab requisition and then kit. Mailing completed kits in for processing.
mailed invitation to pick up lab requisition and then kit
Patients receives a mailed invitation to visit their physician to discuss CRC screening. At that visit, they would receive a FIT laboratory requisition, which they will take to a local lab patient service centre to pick up a FIT kit.
mailing completed kits in for processing
Patients mails completed kit in for processing using postage-paid reply envelope provided.
(Experimental)
Mailed invitation to pick up lab requisition and then kit. Dropping completed kits at lab for processing.
mailed invitation to pick up lab requisition and then kit
Patients receives a mailed invitation to visit their physician to discuss CRC screening. At that visit, they would receive a FIT laboratory requisition, which they will take to a local lab patient service centre to pick up a FIT kit.
dropping completed kits at lab for processing
Patient takes completed FIT in to lab patient service centre for processing.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
FIT Kit uptake
time frame: September 2012 to April 2013

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Rejection rates
time frame: September 2012 to April 2013

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 50 years up to 74 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Physician in Ontario with a patient enrollment model - patient: 50-74, Ontario resident, enrolled with physician Exclusion Criteria: - patient: no personal or first degree relative family history of CRC, no FOBT within prior 5 years, colonoscopy within past 10 years, FOBT within past 2 years

Additional Information

Official title Pilot Evaluation of Fecal Immunologic Test (FIT) in Ontario
Principal investigator Jill Tinmouth, MD, PhD
Description In 2008 Ontario launched the ColonCancerCheck (CCC) Program, an organized colorectal cancer (CRC) screening program in which average risk patients are offered an at-home screening test and increased risk patients are offered colonoscopy directly through their family physician. Currently, Ontario's CCC Program utilizes guaiac fecal occult blood testing (gFOBT) in persons at average risk of CRC. However, the program is currently considering a change to fecal immunochemical testing (FIT). FIT, which comes in quantitative and qualitative formats, is superior to the gFOBT from a scientific perspective because it specifically detects human hemoglobin. gFOBT uses an indirect detection which depends on a peroxidase reaction not specific for human hemoglobin. FIT methodology is also both more convenient and superior from a participant perspective and multiple studies have demonstrated higher participation rates and improved detection of CRC precursors as well as invasive CRCs with FIT compared to gFOBT. Organized CRC screening programs considering quantitative FIT face certain additional challenges, including uncertain stability over time and tolerance to variation in temperature following sample collection and prior to arrival in a testing laboratory. Prior to implementation of FIT in Ontario, there is a need for a laboratory and field assessment to validate and optimize its use in the Ontario climate and conditions (e.g., large geographic area) and to determine whether adjustments to the current structure of the CCC Program would be required. This study consists of 2 phases. Phase 1, laboratory testing, assesses 2 quantitative and 3 qualitative FIT kits to evaluate analytical performance relevant to the requirements of the CCC Program. Phase 2 is a field assessment to evaluate the effect of different distribution and return methods and pre-labeling of kits on uptake and completion of the tests. The entire study will take 12-18 months to complete, with patients being recruited through family physicians in patient enrollment model (PEM) family practices across the province of Ontario. Data collection will take place for 6 months, starting on the day that screening kits and/or invitation letters are mailed to patients. This Clinical Trials registration relates to Phase 2 of the study.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in January 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre.