Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions emergence delirium, postopertive delirium, emergence agitation in children
Treatments magnesium sulfate, normal saline
Phase phase 4
Sponsor Cairo University
Collaborator anesthesia department
Start date July 2012
End date February 2013
Trial size 70 participants
Trial identifier NCT01743144, N-40-2012

Summary

Rationale:

Pediatric Adenotonsillectomy is a common procedure of brief performed on a day-case basis, in which rapid recovery with safe airway after extubation is crucial. Sevoflurane is considered the inhaled anesthetic of choice in such procedures, however it has been reported that emergence agitation (EA) is a frequent complication in 30-80% of children receiving sevoflurane general anesthesia. The possible effect of magnesium sulphate on decreasing the incidence of EA in children was not adequately investigated.

Objective:

To assess the possible effects of intraoperative intravenous magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) infusion on the incidence of sevoflurane-induced EA in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy.

Study population and sample size:

Children 4-7 years, ASA physical status I or II, undergoing Adenotonsillectomy under sevoflurane general anesthesia. 64 patients (32/group) is required to detect a significance difference of 40% in the incidence of agitation between two groups, with a power of 80% and alpha error of 5%.

Study design:

A double blind, randomized, placebo controlled study.

Method:

In the placebo group, a normal saline bolus dose 0.3ml/kg will be iv infused followed by a continuous infusion of 0.1 ml/kg/h. In the MgSO4 group, a MgSO4 bolus dose 0.3mL/kg will be iv infused followed by a continuous infusion of 0.1 ml/kg/h. infusion terminated by the end of surgery. Post operative emergence agitation will be assessed by using the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium scale.

Possible risks:

Drug side effects such as facial warmth, flushing, dry mouth, and malaise.

Outcome parameters:

The primary outcome: incidence of sevoflurane-induced EA measured using the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium (PEAD). Secondary outcome: postoperative pain and rescue analgesic requirements, perioperative hemodynamics, durations of recovery, postoperative complications

Statistical analysis plan:

Student's t-test or Mann Whitney-U and Chi square or Fisher's exact tests will be used as appropriate. The possible relationship between EA and pain scores will be evaluated with the use of Spearman's rank correlation coefficient

Time plan:

6-9 months.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator, outcomes assessor)
Arm
(Active Comparator)
Magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) 10% solution is going to be used, an initial MgSO4 bolus dose 30mg/kg (i.e. 0.3mL/kg) will be infused over 10 minutes after endotracheal intubation. This will be followed by a continuous infusion of 10 mg/kg/hr (i.e. 0.1 ml/kg/h). Infusion will continue during the entire intraoperative course and will be terminated with the discontinuation of sevoflurane
magnesium sulfate
Magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) 10% solution is going to be used, an initial MgSO4 bolus dose 30mg/kg (i.e. 0.3mL/kg) will be infused over 10 minutes after endotracheal intubation. This will be followed by a continuous infusion of 10 mg/kg/hr (i.e. 0.1 ml/kg/h). Infusion will continue during the entire intraoperative course and will be terminated with the discontinuation of sevoflurane
(Placebo Comparator)
normal saline (NaCl 9%) is going to be used, an initial normal saline bolus dose 0.3ml/kg will be infused over 10 minutes after endotracheal intubation. This will be followed by a continuous normal saline infusion of 0.1 ml/kg/h. Infusion will continue during the entire intraoperative course and will be terminated with the discontinuation of sevoflurane
normal saline
normal saline (NaCl 9%) is going to be used, an initial normal saline bolus dose 0.3ml/kg will be infused over 10 minutes after endotracheal intubation. This will be followed by a continuous normal saline infusion of 0.1 ml/kg/h. Infusion will continue during the entire intraoperative course and will be terminated with the discontinuation of sevoflurane

Primary Outcomes

Measure
change from baseline of sevoflurane induced emergence agitation(EA) at 2 hours postoperative by using Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium (PEAD) score
time frame: on arrival to post anesthesia care unit (PACU) as baseline , then every 10 minutes up to 2 hours postoperatively

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
postoperative pain which is going to be assessed by the well established behavior pain scale "Children's Hospital Eastern Ontario Scale" (CHEOPS)
time frame: on arrival to post anesthesia care unit (PACU) as baseline , then every 10 minutes up to 2 hours postoperatively

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 4 years up to 7 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: Children 4-7 years, ASA physical status I or II, undergoing Adenotonsillectomy will be included in the study. Exclusion Criteria: - The study will exclude children with behavioral changes, physical developmental delay and children on treatment with sedative or anticonvulsant. Also children with pre-existing renal disease or cardiovascular diseases will be excluded.

Additional Information

Official title Study the Possible Effects of Intraoperative Intravenous Magnesium Sulphate Infusion on the Incidence of Sevoflurane Induced Emergence Agitation in Children Undergoing Adenotonsillectomy
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Cairo University.