Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions opioid abuse, opioid dependence
Treatments mn-166 (formerly av411), placebo
Phase phase 2
Sponsor New York State Psychiatric Institute
Collaborator National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Start date November 2012
End date December 2015
Trial size 24 participants
Trial identifier NCT01740414, 6021/7237R, P50DA009236

Summary

Opioid drugs increase glial cell activation which may be related to the abuse liability of opioid drugs. Data supporting this hypothesis have demonstrated that glial cell attenuators decrease the positive rewarding aspect of opioids in laboratory animals. Ibudilast (MN-166, formerly AV411) is a compound that inhibits the activation of glia. Recent preclinical studies demonstrate that while ibudilast increases the analgesic effects of opioids, it decreases the rewarding effects of such drugs. It has also been shown that ibudilast suppresses morphine-induced release of dopamine, a primary neurotransmitter involved in the rewarding and reinforcing effects of abused drugs. Additionally, we recently found that ibudilast decreases subjective symptoms of opioid withdrawal in opioid dependent humans during detoxification.

Therefore, the primary aim of this 6-7 week inpatient study is to investigate the ability of MN-166 to dose-dependently alter the reinforcing, analgesic, subjective, performance, and physiological effects of oxycodone, a commonly abused prescription opioid.

This study includes a 10-day morphine taper phase, followed by two study phases (approximately 18 days each) with daily active ibudilast and placebo administration, respectively. After the detoxification phase, participants are randomized to receive placebo or MN-166, and then be stabilized on the medication. Thereafter, participants will complete laboratory sessions. Subsequently, during Phase 2, participants will cross over to the other treatment arm, stabilize, and complete laboratory sessions.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model crossover assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator, outcomes assessor)
Arm
(Active Comparator)
patient is receiving study drug (MN-166)
mn-166 (formerly av411) ibudilast
in one study arm, 50mg MN-166 BID are administered daily for 20 days
(Placebo Comparator)
Patient is receiving placebo
placebo
In the placebo arm, the patients receive placebo for 20 days

Primary Outcomes

Measure
pain intensity
time frame: 42 days

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
positive subjective effects to oxycodone
time frame: 42 days

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 21 years up to 55 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Adults between the ages of 21 and 55 - Current opioid dependence according to DSM-IV criteria - currently not seeking treatment Exclusion Criteria: - Female patients that are currently pregnant, or breastfeeding. Lack of effective birth control. - Participants who have a positive history of neurological illness (including epilepsy) or those who have received anticonvulsant therapy during the past 5 years. - Liver disease requiring medication or medical treatment, and/or aspartate or alanine aminotransferase levels greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal. - Gastrointestinal or renal disease that would significantly impair absorption, metabolism or excretion of study drug, or require medication or medical treatment. - Neurological or psychiatric disorders including psychosis, bipolar disorder, organic brain disease, any seizure history or other disorders that require treatment or that could make study compliance difficult. - Positive tuberculosis (PPD) TB skin test, clinical history, and chest X-ray indicative of active tuberculosis. (Individuals with a positive PPD test and negative chest X-ray who are not symptomatic for tuberculosis, and do not require antituberculosis therapy will be eligible to participate. Participants will be asked if they ever tested positive for tuberculosis. If so, they will not be given a PPD and chest X-ray and clinical history will be used for evaluation purposes). - Presence or positive history of severe medical illness or cardiovascular disease or heart abnormality, such as low hemoglobin (Hb < 13 gm/dL in males, Hb < 11 gm/dL in females) with evidence of acute or chronic blood loss, or BP > 140/90. - Participants on any current psychoactive prescription medications that may interfere with the study measures. - Current physical dependence on any substance, other than opioids, nicotine or caffeine (ex., methadone, benzodiazepines, LAAM, marijuana, alcohol, etc.). - Participants for whom detoxification is not "clinically recommended" such as those with a significant history of overdose following detoxification. - Participation in an investigational drug study within the past 3 months. - Hypersensitivity to any of the medications used in this study. - Current (within the last 3 months) chronic pain. - Platelet and white blood cell count that are not within the normal range (platelet = 120 x103/μl -400 x103/μl; WBC= 3.5 x106/μl -10.8x106/μl). - Use of Theophylline (PDE-3 inhibitor) or Roflumilast (PDE-4 inhibitor).

Additional Information

Official title Effects of Ibudilast (MN-166, Formerly AV411), a Glial Activation Inhibitor, on Oxycodone Self-administration in Opioid Abusers
Principal investigator Sandra D Comer, PhD
Description Opioid drugs increase glial cell activation and consequent cytokine release. These changes in glial cell activation may be related to the abuse liability of opioid drugs including heroin and prescription opioids. Data supporting this hypothesis have demonstrated that glial cell attenuators decrease the positive rewarding aspect of opioids in laboratory animals. Ibudilast (MN-166, formerly AV411) is a compound that inhibits the activation of glia and thereby inhibits the release of cytokines. Recent preclinical studies demonstrate that while ibudilast increases the analgesic effects of opioids, it decreases the rewarding effects of such drugs. It has also been shown that ibudilast suppresses morphine-induced release of dopamine, a primary neurotransmitter involved in the rewarding and reinforcing effects of abused drugs. Additionally, we recently found that ibudilast decreases subjective symptoms of opioid withdrawal in opioid dependent humans during detoxification. Therefore, the primary aim of this 6-7 week inpatient study is to investigate the ability of MN-166 to dose-dependently alter the reinforcing, analgesic, subjective, performance, and physiological effects of oxycodone, a commonly abused prescription opioid. A secondary aim is to verify the ability of the drug to decrease opioid withdrawal symptoms during the initial inpatient detoxification. This inpatient study includes a detoxification and two 18-day study phases. Upon study initiation, participants are tapered with morphine before study phase 1 starts, when they are randomized to receive placebo or 50 mg MN-166 BID (po at 0800 and 2000 hr), and then switched and stabilized on the medication. Thereafter, participants will complete 6 laboratory sessions over 9-10 days. Subsequently, during Phase 2, participants will cross over to the other study arm (Pbo to MN-166 or MN-166 to Pbo), stabilize, and complete again 6 laboratory sessions. Days 1-10 of the study include a morphine taper, while each of the two subsequent study phases consist of a 7-8-day medication switch and stabilization phase, followed by 6 laboratory sessions over the next 9-10 days (3 sample sessions and 3 choice sessions). During sample sessions, participants will receive one dose of oxycodone (0, 15, or 30 mg/70 kg, PO) that will be available during the choice session the following day. At least 72 hrs after the previous sample session, the second sample session will be completed, followed by a choice session the next day. And then at least 72 hrs after the second sample session, the third and final sample session will be completed, followed by the final choice session the next day. The analgesic, subjective, performance, and physiological effects of oxycodone will be measured. During the choice session, a drug versus money self-administration paradigm will be employed, and the progressive ratio that is completed for drug and/or money will be measured. We hypothesize that MN-166 will dose-dependently decrease oxycodone self-administration and positive subjective responses while increasing the analgesic effects of the drug. A secondary additional objective is to collect exploratory information on potential predictors of prescription opioid self-administration including genetic polymorphisms, neurocognitive functioning, and response to stress. Blood samples will be collected to measure various genetic markers hypothesized to contribute to opioid drug effects (e.g., OPRM1, OPRD1, OPRK1, PENK, PDYN, DRD2, CYP3A4, and CYP2D6 genes). Performance on neurocognitive tasks and physiological response to the Trier Social Stress Test will be assessed in all participants.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by New York State Psychiatric Institute.