Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions stage iii melanoma, stage iv melanoma, unresectable melanoma, braf mutant melanoma
Treatment braf inhibitor dabrafenib and mek inhibitor trametinib
Phase phase 2
Targets BRAF, MEK
Sponsor UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Collaborator GlaxoSmithKline
Start date October 2012
End date December 2016
Trial size 20 participants
Trial identifier NCT01726738, LCCC 1128

Summary

This phase II study in 20 patients with BRAFV600E mutant, unresectable stage III/IV melanoma is designed to explore the mechanisms by which tumors acquire resistance to the combination of a BRAF inhibitor (dabrafenib) and MEK inhibitor (trametinib). Tissue will be collected at baseline and at progression. Markers of resistance will be explored by performing near kinome-wide profiling on tumor samples, and in patients who co-enroll in institutional protocol LCCC1108, by sequencing tumors using NextGen DNA sequencing technology. Overall response rate and duration to this combination will also be assessed.

United States North Carolina
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification pharmacodynamics study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Patients will receive the BRAF inhibitor dabrafenib and MEK inhibitor trametinib orally at the RP2D determined in the Phase I/II study (BRF113220): trametinib 2mg QD and dabrafenib 150 mg BID on a continuous basis. A cycle will be defined as 3 weeks in duration. Cycles will be repeated until disease progression (clinical or radiological). Patients may remain on treatment after progression (at the discretion of the investigator) as long as they are still experiencing clinical benefit.
braf inhibitor dabrafenib and mek inhibitor trametinib BRAF Inhibitor Dabrafenib GSK2118436
Patients will receive the BRAF inhibitor dabrafenib and MEK inhibitor trametinib orally at the RP2D determined in the Phase I/II study (BRF113220): trametinib 2mg QD and dabrafenib 150 mg BID on a continuous basis. A cycle will be defined as 3 weeks in duration. Cycles will be repeated until disease progression (clinical or radiological). Patients may remain on treatment after progression (at the discretion of the investigator) as long as they are still experiencing clinical benefit.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Kinase Expression
time frame: One year post treatment

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
BRAF and MEK inhibition associated with new functional mutations in the approximately 150 oncogenes
time frame: One year
Kinome signature predictive of resistance
time frame: One year post treatment
Overall Response Rate (ORR)
time frame: One year post treatment
Duration of Overall Response Rate (ORR)
time frame: One year post treatment
Progression Free Survival (PFS)
time frame: One year post treatment
Rate of Overall Survival (OS)
time frame: One year post treatment

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: Subject must meet all of the inclusion criteria to participate in this study: Age ≥18 years Signed written informed consent Histologically confirmed V600E or V600K BRAF mutant melanoma Unresectable Stage III/IV melanoma ECOG PS 0-2 Normal organ function as defined by the following: - Absolute neutrophil count >1.2 × 109/L - Hemoglobin >9 g/dL, platelets >75 × 109/L - PT/INR and PTT ≤1.5 x ULN (Note: subjects receiving anticoagulation treatment may enroll with INR established within the therapeutic range prior to D1 of treatment) - Albumin >2.5 g/dL - Total bilirubin <1.5 x ULN (patients with elevated bilirubin due to Gilbert's disease will not be excluded) - AST and ALT < 2.5× ULN - CrCl ≥50mL/min per Cockcroft-Gault Prior anti-cancer treatment related toxicities except alopecia and lab values as outlined in the criterion above must be less than or equal to Grade 1 as per CTCAEv4 Willing to undergo biopsy for research purposes only Females of child-bearing potential: willing to use two forms of effective contraception, and to continue use for 16 weeks post last dose of study medication. Effective contraception is defined as any medically recommended method (or combination of methods) as per standard of care, including abstinence. Females of non-childbearing potential are those who are postmenopausal (defined as greater than 1 year without menses with appropriate clinical profile, e.g., age appropriate: >45 years in the absence of hormone replacement therapy (HRT). In questionable cases, the subject must have a follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) value >40 mIU/mL and an estradiol value <40pg/mL (<140 pmol/L); or who have had a bilateral tubal ligation or tubal occlusion, bilateral oophorectomy, or hysterectomy. Men with a female partner of childbearing potential must have either had a prior vasectomy or agree to use effective contraception as described from D1 of treatment, throughout the treatment period, and for 16 weeks after the last dose of study treatment. If a subject becomes pregnant during the treatment period of the study, the study treatments should be stopped immediately. In women of child-bearing potential, negative serum pregnancy test within 48 hours prior to day 1 of study treatment and agree to use effective contraception. Effective contraception is defined as: (a) an intrauterine device with a documented failure rate of less than 1% per year. (b) male partner sterilization prior to the female subject's entry, and this male is the sole sexual partner for that female. (c) complete abstinence from sexual intercourse for 14 days prior to enrollment throughout study treatment, and for at least 4 months after the last dose of study treatment. Abstinence is only acceptable when in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. Periodic abstinence (e.g. calendar ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods, etc) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception. (d) double- barrier contraception: condom and occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with a vaginal spermicidal agent (foam/gel/cream/suppository). Note: hormonal based methods (e.g. oral contraceptives) are not permitted. Female subjects who are lactating must discontinue nursing prior to the first dose of study treatment and must refrain from nursing throughout the treatment period and for 4 months following the last dose of study treatment Measurable disease as defined by RECIST v1.1 Able to swallow and retain oral medication Left ventricular ejection fraction by ECHO ≥ institutional lower limit of normal Exclusion Criteria: Any subject meeting any of the following exclusion criteria at baseline will be ineligible for study participation: Patients with a history of a prior malignancy are excluded unless they have been disease free for 3 or more years or unless they have a completely resected non-melanoma skin cancer, and/or subjects with indolent second malignancies. History of malignancy with confirmed activating RAS mutation at any time. Note: Prospective RAS testing is not required. However, if the results of previous RAS testing are known, they must be used in assessing eligibility. Prior treatment with a BRAF inhibitor (including but not limited to dabrafenib (GSK2118436), vemurafenib, and LX281/BMS-908662) or a MEK inhibitor (including but not limited to trametinib (GSK1120212), AZD6244, and RDEA119); NOTE: There is no limit to the number of other prior therapies, and patients may be previously untreated. Have a known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to study drug, or excipients or to dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). Active GI or intracranial hemorrhage History or evidence of cardiovascular risk including any of the following: - QTc ≥ 480 msec; - History or evidence of current clinically significant uncontrolled arrhythmias; o Exception: Subjects with controlled atrial fibrillation for >30 days prior to D1 of study treatment are eligible. - History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction and unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting within 6 months prior to study entry; - Patients with history of hypertension should have hypertension adequately controlled (BP<140/90) with appropriate anti-hypertensive therapy or diet prior to study entry; - Patients with intra-cardiac defibrillators or permanent pacemakers; - Known cardiac metastases; - Abnormal cardiac valve morphology (≥grade 2) documented by echocardiogram (subjects with grade 1 abnormalities [i.e., mild regurgitation/stenosis] can be entered on study). Subjects with moderate valvular thickening should not be entered on study. History of known glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency Brain metastases are excluded unless: - All known lesions were previously treated with surgery or stereotactic surgery (whole-brain radiation is not allowed unless given after definitive treatment with surgery or stereotactic surgery), AND - Brain lesion(s), if still present, must be confirmed stable (i.e., no increase in lesion size) for ≥ 12 weeks prior to D1 of study treatment (stability must be confirmed with two consecutive magnetic resonance image (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans with contrast, AND - Asymptomatic with no corticosteroid requirements for ≥ 4 weeks prior to D1 of study treatment, AND - Treatment with any CYP enzyme inducing anticonvulsants occurred < 4 weeks prior to D1 of study treatment NOTE: if study subject has history of brain metastasis, but currently has no evidence of disease in brain (NED), confirmation by two consecutive scans separated by ≥6 weeks prior to D1 of treatment is required. Pulmonary embolism on active therapy History of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis Known HIV, Hepatitis B or C infection (with the exception of chronic or cleared HBV and HCV infection which will be allowed provided the following tests are done at screening: viral hepatitis serology, Hepatitis B surface antigen and Hepatitis B core antibody (IgM) and/or Hepatitis C RNA) Currently active GI disease, or prior surgery that may affect ability to absorb oral medications History or current evidence/risk of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) or retinal pigment epithelial detachment (RPED): - Predisposing factors to RVO or RPED (e.g. uncontrolled glaucoma or ocular hypertension, uncontrolled systemic disease such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or history of hyperviscosity or hypercoagulability syndromes) - Visible retinal pathology as assessed by ophthalmic exam that is considered a risk factor for RVO or CSR such as: - Evidence of new optic disc cupping - Evidence of new visual field defects - Intraocular pressure > 21 mm Hg Currently receiving cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, or biologic therapy) NOTE: palliative radiation therapy is permitted for non-target lesions that are either new or present at baseline provided total dose does not exceed 30 Gy. However, radiation skin injury has been reported with concurrent use of dabrafenib and radiation. To reduce this risk, it is recommended that dabrafenib be held for seven days before and two days after radiation in subjects receiving dabrafenib in combination with trametinib when palliative radiation is prescribed. Use of other prohibited medications within 5 half-lives or 14 days prior to the first dose of study drugs or requires any of these medications while receiving medication on this study Pregnant or lactating female

Additional Information

Official title LCCC 1128: Open Label Phase II Trial of the BRAF Inhibitor (Dabrafenib) and the MEK Inhibitor (Trametinib) in Unresectable Stage III and Stage IV BRAF Mutant Melanoma; Correlation of Resistance With the Kinome and Functional Mutations
Principal investigator Carrie Lee, MD
Description The present phase II study in 20 patients with BRAFV600E mutant, unresectable stage III/IV melanoma is designed to explore the mechanisms by which tumors acquire resistance to the combination of BRAF and MEK inhibition. Overall response rate and duration to this combination will also be assessed. Tissue will be collected at baseline and at progression (clinical or radiological). Patients may remain on treatment after progression (at the discretion of the investigator) as long as they are still experiencing clinical benefit. We anticipate that up to 50% of patients may continue on therapy post-progression for 2-8 weeks. BRF113220, the phase I/II trial of the BRAF inhibitor dabrafenib in combination with the MEK inhibitor trametinib is ongoing in metastatic melanoma to establish the safety of this combination, and to determine the recommended phase 2 doses (RP2D) for each agent. Expansion cohorts at the RP2D for these drugs in combination were included in the phase I to characterize the safety in more detail, and to explore the efficacy of this combination. The combination was well tolerated as described in section 1.5, with decreased frequency of rash compared to either agent alone and with just 1 report of cutaneous SCC. This proposed study will utilize the RP2D determined in the Phase I/II study: trametinib 2mg QD and dabrafenib 150 mg BID. Despite a very promising overall response rate of 81%, these patients will also likely go on to develop resistance as a result of new resistance mutations, and given the cooperative signaling network of kinases that sense inhibition of key nodal kinases and induce compensatory responses that offset pharmacological intervention. The study objectives are as follows: Objectives Primary Objective To identify kinases that are differentially expressed pre- and post-treatment with BRAF (dabrafenib) and MEK (trametinib) inhibitors, and to determine a kinome signature predictive of resistance to BRAF/MEK inhibition in stage III/IV melanoma Secondary Objectives To explore whether resistance to BRAF and MEK inhibition is associated with new functional mutations in the approximately 150 oncogenes / tumor suppressor genes that are assessed in more than 10% of the tumors (using NextGen DNA sequencing technology) in the subset of patients who co-enroll in LCCC1108, with particular focus on one of five established resistance genes (BRAF, NRAS, MEK1, MAP3K8 or COT, and PTEN) To determine the overall response rate (ORR: complete response + partial response) as measured via RECISTv1.1 To estimate the duration of ORR as measured via RECISTv1.1 To estimate progression-free survival (PFS) as defined by RECISTv1.1 To estimate the rate of overall survival (OS) at 1 year from day 1 of treatment Primary Endpoint Kinome signature pathway will be based on comparison of kinome expression from pre- and post-treatment biopsies using Multiplexed Inhibitor Beads (MIBs) coupled with mass spectrometry.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in July 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center.
Location data was received from the National Cancer Institute and was last updated in August 2016.