Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition unspecified adult solid tumor, protocol specific
Treatments dabrafenib, pazopanib hydrochloride, correlative studies
Phase phase 1
Targets VEGF, PDGF, BRAF, KIT
Sponsor Manisha Shah
Collaborator National Comprehensive Cancer Network
Start date November 2012
End date March 2017
Trial size 56 participants
Trial identifier NCT01713972, NCCNGSK20014, NCI-2012-01935, OSU 12066

Summary

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of dabrafenib and pazopanib hydrochloride when given together in treating patients with advanced malignant tumors. Dabrafenib and pazopanib hydrochloride may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Endpoint classification safety study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Patients receive dabrafenib PO BID on days 1-28 (once daily on day 1 and BID on days 3-28 of course 1), and pazopanib hydrochloride PO QD on days 1-28 (days 2-28 of course 1). Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
dabrafenib BRAF inhibitor GSK2118436
Given PO
pazopanib hydrochloride GW786034B
Given PO
correlative studies Pharmacokinetic studies
Pharmacokinetic studies: Blood draw for various time points: Cycle 1 Days 1, 2, 3, 4 and 15; Cycle 2 Days 1, 2; and day 1 of Cycles 4, 6 and 12 Pharmacogenomic studies: Blood draw on Cycle 1 Day 1 Tumor genotyping: Archival tumor blocks or unstained slides BRAF mutation quantification in circulating plasma DNA: Blood draw on Cycles 1-7 Day 1 and every other cycle thereafter; and at time of progression
(Other)
Pharmacokinetic studies: Blood draw for various time points: Cycle 1 Days 1, 2, 3, 4 and 15; Cycle 2 Days 1, 2; and day 1 of Cycles 4, 6 and 12 Pharmacogenomic studies: Blood draw on Cycle 1 Day 1 Tumor genotyping: Archival tumor blocks or unstained slides BRAF mutation quantification in circulating plasma DNA: Blood draw on Cycles 1-7 Day 1 and every other cycle thereafter; and at time of progression
dabrafenib BRAF inhibitor GSK2118436
Given PO
pazopanib hydrochloride GW786034B
Given PO
correlative studies Pharmacokinetic studies
Pharmacokinetic studies: Blood draw for various time points: Cycle 1 Days 1, 2, 3, 4 and 15; Cycle 2 Days 1, 2; and day 1 of Cycles 4, 6 and 12 Pharmacogenomic studies: Blood draw on Cycle 1 Day 1 Tumor genotyping: Archival tumor blocks or unstained slides BRAF mutation quantification in circulating plasma DNA: Blood draw on Cycles 1-7 Day 1 and every other cycle thereafter; and at time of progression

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Incidence of adverse events using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4
time frame: 28 days
Maximum tolerated dose, defined as the dose below the dose where at least 2 dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) are observed, graded using CTCAE v4
time frame: 28 days

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Pharmacokinetics of the two study drugs (including Cmax, Css, clearance, t1/2 alpha, t1/2 beta, central volume of distribution, and steady state volume of distribution) and drug-drug interactions
time frame: Pre-dose, .5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 24 hours
Pharmacogenomics determined with microarray testing on blood samples
time frame: Day 1 of course 1
Genotype of tumor tissue samples
time frame: Baseline
Objective tumor response rates with clinical assessment, tumor marker measurements and imaging studies as appropriate for each patient, as determined according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), v1.1
time frame: Up to 4 weeks after completion of study treatment

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Must have a histologically or cytologically confirmed malignant tumor that is advanced, metastatic or unresectable and for which standard curative or palliative measures do not exist or are no longer effective - Tumors must carry the BRAF mutation - Prior therapies: - There is no limit to prior cytotoxic regimens - No more than three prior regimens of tyrosine kinase inhibitors are allowed; prior use of pazopanib and/or inhibitor dabrafenib is not allowed; prior use of vemurafenib and sorafenib is allowed - Patients must not have received systemic chemotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy or radiation therapy within 4 weeks of study - Adverse events related to prior tumor-specific therapy must have been resolved to =< grade 1 prior to study enrollment except for alopecia - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%) - Life expectancy greater than 12 weeks - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 X 10^9/L; for patients (pts) with hairy cell leukemia, ANC >= 1 X 10^9/L is required - Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (5.6 mmol/L); for pts with hairy cell leukemia, hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL is required - Platelets >= 100 X 10^9/L; for pts with hairy cell leukemia, platelets >= 75 X 10^9/L is required - International normalized ratio (INR) =< 1.2 X upper limit of normal (ULN); subjects receiving anticoagulant therapy with warfarin are not eligible - Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.2 X ULN - Total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN; concomitant elevations in bilirubin and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) above 1.0 x ULN are not permitted - ALT and AST =< 2.5 X ULN; concomitant elevations in bilirubin and AST/ALT above 1.0 x ULN are not permitted - Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN (=< 133 umol/L) - Urine protein to creatinine ratio (UPC; appropriate) < 1; if UPC >= 1, then a 24-hour urine protein must be assessed; subjects must have a 24-hour urine protein value < 1 g to be eligible; use of urine dipstick for renal function assessment is not acceptable - Left ventricular ejection fraction >= institutional lower limit of normal - The effects of dabrafenib on the developing human fetus are unknown; pazopanib belongs to the pregnancy risk factor group D (adverse effects were observed in animal studies); for these reasons, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of dabrafenib and pazopanib administration - Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document - Ability to swallow oral medication and keep a pill diary Exclusion Criteria: - Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks prior to study enrollment - Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents - Patients with symptomatic, untreated brain metastases; patients who are on a stable dose of corticosteroids for more than 1 month or off corticosteroids for 2 weeks can be enrolled; enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic drugs are not permitted; screening with central nervous system (CNS) imaging (computerized tomography [CT] or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) is required only if clinically indicated - Patients with a known history of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency; patients with G6PD deficiency are excluded from clinical trials because they may develop nonimmune hemolytic anemia in response to dabafenib, which contains a sulfonamide, a potential risk factor for subjects with this deficiency - Patients taking prohibited medications within 7 days of entering study will be excluded due to potential serious interactions with dabafenib; patients taking therapeutic doses of warfarin will not be allowed on the study due to potential drug interactions (patient on prophylactic low dose warfarin are allowed) - Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements - Pregnant women are excluded from this study because dabrafenib is an investigational agent with unknown teratogenicity and because pazopanib belongs to pregnancy risk factor group D (adverse effects were observed in animal studies); because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with dabrafenib and pazopanib, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with these agents - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are excluded because of possible pharmacokinetic interactions of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) with dabrafenib and pazopanib; in addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy; appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated - Poorly controlled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure [BP] >= 140 and/or diastolic BP >= 90) measured on more than one occasion and not responsive to antihypertensives; Note: Initiation or adjustment of antihypertensive medication(s) is permitted prior to study entry and during study if required; BP must be re-assessed on two occasions separated by a minimum of 1 hour; on each of these occasions, the mean systolic (S)BP/diastolic (D)BP values (of 3 readings) must be < 140/90 mmHg in order for a subject to be eligible for the study - Prolongation of heart rate-corrected QT interval (QTc) > 480 msecs (using Bazett's formula) - History of at least one of the following cardiovascular conditions within the past 6 months: - Cardiac angioplasty or stenting - Myocardial infarction - Unstable angina - Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease - Class III or IV congestive heart failure, as defined by the New York Heart Association - History of valvular dysfunction on echocardiogram excluding mild valvular dysfunction - Known cardiac metastasis - History of cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attack (TIA), pulmonary embolism or untreated deep venous thrombosis (DVT) within the past 6 months; patients who are being treated for pulmonary embolism (PE) and/or DVT diagnosed within the past 6 months with agents other than warfarin are allowed to enter the study - Prior major surgery or trauma within 28 days before first dose of study drug and/or presence of any non-healing wound, fracture, or ulcer - Evidence of active bleeding or bleeding diathesis - Patient with hepatitis B and/or hepatitis C infection; patients with laboratory evidence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) clearance are eligible for the trial - Patient with history of malignancy other than completely resected non-melanomatous skin carcinoma or successfully treated in situ carcinoma within 5 years of study enrollment - Clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may affect absorption of the study drugs including but not limited to: - Malabsorption syndrome - Major resection of the stomach or small bowel

Additional Information

Official title A Phase I Trial of Dabrafenib (BRAFi) and Pazopanib in Patients With BRAF-mutated Advanced Malignant Tumors
Principal investigator Manisha Shah, MD
Description PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To assess the safety and tolerability of GSK2118436 (dabrafenib) given with pazopanib (pazopanib hydrochloride) as well as determining the maximum tolerated dosing regimen in patients with BRAF mutated advanced malignant tumors. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate pharmacokinetics of the two study drugs and identify potential drug-drug interactions. II. Determine pharmacogenomics with microarray testing. III. Perform genotyping of tumors and if objective tumor response rates are identified. IV. Assess objective tumor response rates. OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study. Patients receive dabrafenib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-28 (once daily on day 1 and BID on days 3-28 of course 1), and pazopanib hydrochloride PO once daily (QD) on days 1-28 (days 2-28 of course 1). Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 4 weeks.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center.