Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 infection
Treatments rilpivirine, efavirenz, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, emtricitabine
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Janssen-Cilag International NV
Start date October 2013
End date October 2015
Trial size 427 participants
Trial identifier NCT01709084, CR100875, TMC278IFD3002

Summary

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate noninferiority (a new treatment is equivalent to standard treatment) in terms of the percentage of patients who have plasma human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) ribonucleic acid (RNA) levels less than 400 copies per mL after 48 weeks of randomized treatment with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine/rilpivirine (TDF/FTC/RPV) versus TDF/FTC/efavirenz (TDF/FTC/EFV).

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Patients will receive fixed dose combination (FDC) tablet of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine/rilpivirine with a meal, until Week 48.
rilpivirine EDURANT
Type=exact number, unit=mg, number=25, form=tablet, route=oral. Rilpivirine will be administered in a fixed dose combination along with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine, as a single dose tablet.
tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
Type=exact number, unit=mg, number=300, form=tablet, route=oral. Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate will be administered in a fixed dose combination along with rilpivirine and emtricitabine in Group 1, and along with efavirenz and emtricitabine in Group 2.
emtricitabine
Type=exact number, unit=mg, number=200, form=tablet, route=oral. Emtricitabine will be administered in a fixed dose combination along with rilpivirine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate in Group 1, and along with efavirenz and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate in Group 2.
(Active Comparator)
Patients will receive FDC tablet of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine /efavirenz on an empty stomach at bedtime, until Week 48.
efavirenz
Type=exact number, unit=mg, number=600, form=tablet, route=oral. Efavirenz will be administered in a fixed dose combination along with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine, as a single dose tablet.
tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
Type=exact number, unit=mg, number=300, form=tablet, route=oral. Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate will be administered in a fixed dose combination along with rilpivirine and emtricitabine in Group 1, and along with efavirenz and emtricitabine in Group 2.
emtricitabine
Type=exact number, unit=mg, number=200, form=tablet, route=oral. Emtricitabine will be administered in a fixed dose combination along with rilpivirine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate in Group 1, and along with efavirenz and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate in Group 2.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Number of patients with plasma HIV-1 RNA levels less than 400 copies per mL
time frame: Week 48

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Number of patients with plasma HIV-1 RNA levels less than 50 copies per mL
time frame: Week 48
Number of patients with plasma HIV-1 RNA levels more than or equal to 400 copies per mL
time frame: Week 48
Number of patients with plasma HIV-1 RNA levels more than or equal to 50 copies per mL
time frame: Week 48
Number of patients with treatment-emergent nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (N[t]RTI) or nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) mutations
time frame: Up to Week 48
Number of adherent patients based on tablet count
time frame: Up to Week 48 or study medication discontinuation
Number of patients with adverse events
time frame: Up to 30 to 35 days after administration of last dose of study medication

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: Documented human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) infection Patients who have been receiving first line highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for at least 1 year before the screening visit Patients who have been taking the same ARV combination for at least 8 weeks before the screening visit and are expected to continue on this regimen throughout the screening period. Patients who prefer to change the current HAART regimen for reasons of simplification and/or toxicity of nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor (N[t]RTI) Plasma HIV-1 RNA less than 50 copies per mL and CD4+ cell count higher than 200 per mm3 at the screening visit Agrees to protocol-defined use of effective contraception Exclusion Criteria: History of virologic failure (2 consecutive plasma HIV-1 ribonucleic acid (RNA) more than or equal to 400 copies per mL) while on previous or current ART History of immunologic failure (2 consecutive CD4+ cell counts during HAART treatment falling below the pre-HAART level) History of any primary N[t]RTI or NNRTI mutations Has a previously documented HIV-2 infection Significantly decreased hepatic function or hepatic insufficiency or diagnosed with acute clinical viral hepatitis Diagnosed with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection Severe laboratory abnormalities Creatinine clearance less than 50 mL per minute Addicted to drug, including alcohol or recreational drugs

Additional Information

Official title A Phase 3b, Randomized, Open-label Clinical Study to Demonstrate Non-inferiority in Virologic Response Rates of HIV-1 RNA Suppression <400 Copies/mL of TDF/FTC/RPV Versus TDF/FTC/EFV in First-line Antiretroviral NNRTI-based Suppressed Patients. Switching At Low HIV-1 RNA Into Fixed Dose Combinations (SALIF)
Description This is a 48-week, multicenter (study conducted at multiple sites), multinational (conducted at different countries), open-label (all people know the identity of the intervention), randomized (the study medication is assigned by chance) study to assess whether tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine/rilpivirine (TDF/FTC/RPV) shows noninferior response rates of human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) ribonucleic acid (RNA) suppression less than 400 copies per mL, compared with TDF/FTC/efavirenz (TDF/FTC/EFV). The study consists of 3 phases including, the screening phase (of 6 weeks), treatment phase (of 48 weeks), and follow up phase (of 30 to 35 days after the last dose of study medication). During the 48 weeks treatment phase, patients currently with HIV-1 RNA suppression less than 50 copies per mL on their first-line antiretroviral regimen, will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio, in 2 groups, ie, Group 1 (treatment group) and Group 2 (control group). Both these groups will receive a fixed dose combination (FDC) regimen (ie, FDC tablet: one tablet per day) of either TDF/FTC/RPV in Group 1 or TDF/FTC/EFV in Group 2. Patients will return for study visits at Week 4, 12, 24, 36, and 48 during the treatment period, and then every 24 weeks thereafter during the extended treatment period until the last patient has his or her Week 48 (or treatment discontinuation) visit. Safety evaluations for adverse events, clinical laboratory (central and local) tests, electrocardiogram, vital signs, and physical examination will be performed throughout the study. The treatment duration for each patient will be expected to be between 48 and 108 weeks.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Janssen-Cilag International NV.