This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition thalassemia major with severe transfusional iron overload
Treatment deferasirox and deferiprone
Phase phase 1/phase 2
Sponsor Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Collaborator The Cooley’s Anemia Foundation,
Start date September 2012
End date June 2015
Trial size 9 participants
Trial identifier NCT01709032, 12-009449


We hypothesize that the combination treatment with deferasirox and deferiprone will be well tolerated and will result in significant improvement in cardiac and liver iron levels.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Intervention model single group assignment
Primary purpose treatment
Masking no masking
deferasirox and deferiprone Exjade

Primary Outcomes

Determine the safety of the combination of deferasirox and deferiprone for the treatment of subjects with thalassemia major and severe iron overload
time frame: 12 months

Secondary Outcomes

To obtain preliminary efficacy data on the reduction in serum ferritin level and liver iron concentration by R2 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and improvement in cardiac T2* MRI (estimation of cardiac iron loading)
time frame: 12 months

Eligibility Criteria

All participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Alpha or beta thalassemia - Receiving chronic transfusions (at least 20 transfusions in lifetime) with iron overload requiring treatment with chelation - Serum ferritin >500 ng/ml - Liver iron concentration equal to or greater than 10 mg/g dw (by R2 MRI) or 7 to 10 mg/g dw (by R2 MRI) and not improving OR cardiac T2* between 6 and <20 ms - Women of childbearing age must have a negative pregnancy test - Agree to use approved method of contraception for the duration of the study - Subjects must have a good understanding of the study and be willing to comply with study procedures Exclusion Criteria: - Subjects with past history of unexplained neutropenia (ANC < 1500/mcL), clinically significant renal disease (creatinine above the upper limit of normal), proteinuria >300 mg/L, clinically significant liver disease (ALT > 5x upper limit of normal), pulmonary or cardiovascular disease - History of other clinically relevant oral, endocrine, neurologic, psychiatric, immunologic, bone marrow or skin disorder that contraindicates dosing with deferasirox or deferiprone - History of adverse reaction or known allergy to either deferasirox or deferiprone necessitating drug discontinuation - Currently receiving treatment for active hepatitis - Use of any investigational agent in the past 30 days - Cardiac T2* <6 ms, left ventricular ejection fraction < 56%, and/or arrhythmia (certain subjects may be eligible if they have already had a trial of deferoxamine and deferiprone). Subjects who refuse to use deferoxamine after extensive consultation with at least 2 health care providers will also be allowed to participate. - Pregnant or breastfeeding females - Unwilling or unable to comply with study related procedures

Additional Information

Official title Pilot Study of Deferasirox and Deferiprone Combination Oral Chelation for Individuals With Transfusion Dependent Thalassemia and High Iron Burden
Principal investigator Janet L Kwiatkowski, MD, MSCE
Description Death and disability from iron related damage to the heart remain the most serious issue facing transfusion-dependent patients with thalassemia. However, over the past decade there have been several reports of improved survival and fewer cardiac complications. This improvement may be related to the availability of three chelators and also the accurate measurement of iron stores in various organs (e.g. heart and liver) with magnetic resonance imaging, which allows for personalized, tailored medical care for patients. The chelator characteristics, side effect profiles, and ability to remove iron from specific organs differ among the chelators, suggesting that combination therapy may be beneficial. Using two drugs at lower doses may be more tolerable than escalating doses of a single drug and may improve iron removal. The combination of deferoxamine and deferiprone has been shown to be particularly beneficial for reducing cardiac iron, but it requires a painful injection/infusion, which hinders adherence. This pilot study aims to investigate the safety of an oral-only combination chelator regimen (deferasirox and deferiprone) in individuals with thalassemia major with poorly controlled iron overload and to assess how well this chelator combination lowers iron stores over one year.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.