This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition anti-ccp positive early rheumatoid arthritis
Treatment periodontal prophylaxis
Sponsor Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Collaborator Société Française de Parodontologie et d'Implantologie Orale (SFPIO)
Start date November 2012
End date September 2016
Trial size 92 participants
Trial identifier NCT01706874, 2011- AO1271 - 40


The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of an intervention (scaled every 06 months associated with the use of mouthwash with essential oils (toothpaste and Listerine® 2 times / day containing polymer Triclosan (Colgate Total®)) on the activity of rheumatoid arthritis

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model case control
Time perspective prospective
Periodontal prophylaxis (standard of care) versus control in rheumatoid arthritis patients.
periodontal prophylaxis Mouthrinse: Listerine®; toothpaste: Colgate Total®
Periodontal scaling (every 6 months) plus mouthrinses plus toothbrushing (twice daily). Removal of adherent plaque and calculus with ultrasonic instruments and hand instruments, such as periodontal scalers and curettes, and polishing of the teeth
Periodontal prophylaxis (standard of care) versus control in rheumatoid arthritis patients

Primary Outcomes

Periodontal prophylaxis
time frame: at 12 months
Bacterial identification
time frame: at 12 months

Secondary Outcomes

Rate of anti-citrulline and anti P. gingivalis antibodies
time frame: at 12 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 80 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients with rheumatoid arthritis according to EULAR criteria / ACR 2010 under 10 years of evolution - Patients included in the ESPOIR cohort - Patients with DAS28 > 3.2 - Anti-CCP positive and negative - Age: 18 years old to 80 years - Affiliated to social security Exclusion Criteria: - Refusal to participate in the study - DAS28 < 3.2 - Patient under guardianship - Participation in another protocol without agreement of the dentist - Not affiliated to social security

Additional Information

Official title Assessment of the Effect of an Intervention (Periodontal Scaling + Mouthwash + Toothpaste) to Reduce the Load on Oral Bacterial Activity of Rheumatoid Arthritis: a Randomized Trial Nested in the Cohort ESPOIR
Description Introduction: Several epidemiological studies have suggested that a link between periodontal disease and rheumatoid arthritis. In cohorts, the risk of development of rheumatoid arthritis is increased in subjects with periodontal disease. The main bacterium implicated in chronic periodontal disease is Porphyromas gingivalis, a commensal microorganism of the mouth. P. gingivalis is the only microorganism with a deiminase capable of transforming arginine into citrulline, and is suspected of to play a major role in the production of anti-citrulline antibodies, the principal diagnostic marker of rheumatoid arthritis. Hypotheses: The regular professional and individual plaque control in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (standard of care) - i.e. decreasing oral bacterial load, including P. gingivalis - reduces the activity of rheumatoid arthritis Principal objective: To assess the impact of professional periodontal scaling every 6 months combined with the individual plaque control, i.e. toothbrushing plus the use of mouthrinses on rheumatoid arthritis activity. Methodology: The trial design is innovative and based on random selection of a sample of patients in an observational cohort of patients as described in the recent publication "Cohort Multiple Randomised Controlled Trials Design" (Ref.: BMJ 2010; 340: c1066). A randomly selected sample of eligible patients from the cohort will be asked to take part in the study. Changes in the randomised sample will be compared to those of other potentially eligible patients from the cohort. The cohort used will be the ESPOIR cohort, a cohort including 813 patients who initially presented with early undifferentiated polyarthritis that developed into rheumatoid arthritis with anti-citrulline antibodies in approximately 40 to 50% of cases. Procedures studied: Periodontal scaling every 6 months and twice daily use of a mouthwash containing essential oils (Listerine®) plus a triclosan/copolymer toothpaste (Colgate Total®). Sample size calculation: The principal assessment criterion is DAS variations at 1 year. The expected statistical power is 80% (the type I risk being set at 5%) and the standard deviation common to the two samples for DAS variation is evaluated at 1.5. With these hypotheses, the inclusion of 100 patients in the study group and 100 patients in the control group will produce an effect size of 0.40 (i.e. a difference in DAS between the two groups equal to 0.6). Statistical analysis: A linear, mixed-effects model will be used to compare DAS variations between the two groups. In addition, the Mixed Model for Repeated Measurements (MMRM) based on a linear mixed model will include two other random effects, i.e.: the centre effect and the centre*treatment interaction effect, which will be used to measure heterogeneity between the centres and heterogeneity of the effect of the procedure. Finally, propensity scores with adjustment by weighting will be used to take into account any potential imbalances between the two study arms.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in July 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris.