Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition copd
Treatment best care
Sponsor Odense University Hospital
Start date January 2013
End date January 2015
Trial size 47 participants
Trial identifier NCT01700296, 34431

Summary

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, also known as COPD or emphysema, is like any other with a chronic illness not only affected by the physical discomfort the illness gives. For COPD patients that is: accelerated loss of lung function, conditioning and increased mortality: 25% of patients hospitalized with COPD exacerbation die 12 months later.

Patients are also characterized by various psychological factors such as reduced quality of life, depression, etc.

Therefore, everywhere in the country newly diagnosed COPD patients are offered rehabilitation in Region Zealand which consists of 10 weeks of classes 2 hours, 2 times a week with physical exercise, smoking cessation, medication, nutrition education and psychosocial support and patient education based on the National Health Service and international recommendations.

In the literature, the effect of rehabilitation on quality of life was measured using a questionnaire (St. George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ)), and the increase in function has been measured using a walk test, but there are no studies which look at the effect on inflammation lungs.

It is important for COPD patients is to prevent exacerbations of the disease, which sometimes requires hospitalization and sometimes treated by their own doctor. It has been proven that inflammation in the lungs is associated with disease severity and exacerbation frequency, and therefore we would like to investigate whether both rehabilitation, close monitoring of patients with time in the pulmonary clinic every 3 months, and instruction in self-administration of medication (antibiotics and corticosteroids) have an effect on especially inflammation in the lungs, number of exacerbations, mortality, lung function and walking capacity.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose supportive care
Arm
(No Intervention)
"Standard Care": finishing treatment for AECOPD in hospital and after hospital discharge to further control by the GP. In case of severe symptoms and / or airway obstruction (measured by FEV1) refer patients for follow-up in lung clinic. The subjects are recorded with the same subjective, clinical, paraclinical and invasive parameters as the "Best care" group
(Experimental)
"Best Care": subjects are randomly assigned to the "Best care" regardless MRC class and severity of symptoms through: 10 weeks of rehabilitation (2 hours, 2 times a week) by Region Zealand's instructions on sundhed.dk. COPD rehabilitation includes physical exercise, smoking cessation, medication, nutrition education and psychosocial support and patient education. Rehabilitation provided by a multidisciplinary effort with lung nurse, dietician and physiotherapist according to national and international guidelines (1.5) (6) (24) (25) Outpatient follow-up every 3 months, a total of 5 visits, and during these visits various subjective, clinical, paraclinical and invasive parameters.
best care
"Best Care": subjects are randomly assigned to the "Best care" regardless MRC class and severity of symptoms through: 10 weeks of rehabilitation (2 hours, 2 times a week) by Region Zealand's instructions on sundhed.dk. COPD rehabilitation includes physical exercise, smoking cessation, medication, nutrition education and psychosocial support and patient education. Rehabilitation provided by a multidisciplinary effort with lung nurse, dietician and physiotherapist according to national and international guidelines (1.5) (6) (24) (25) Outpatient follow-up every 3 months, a total of 5 visits, and during these visits various subjective, clinical, paraclinical and invasive parameters.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
IL-8 in Sputum
time frame: 1 year

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
IL-8 in serum IL-8 in the BAL fluid
time frame: 1 year

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - The study includes consecutive patients over 18 years admitted to the Medical dept, Næstved hospital with AECOPD (2 of 3 symptoms: increased breathlessness, sputum or purulens thereof) on the basis of known COPD (post-bronchodilator FEV1 <80% and FEV1/FVC <70% ; measured in stable phase, ie. earlier than 4 weeks after AECOPD). Patients included during hospitalization for AECOPD Exclusion Criteria: - Patients can not participate if they have asthma (post-bronchodilator FEV1 increased by> 15%), are pregnant, nursing, has known serious comorbidities (eg cancer, chronic liver cirrhosis or hepatitis) or cannot give informed consent

Additional Information

Official title COPD, Inflammation and Rehabilitation
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in May 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Odense University Hospital.