This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition acne vulgaris
Treatments 20 % aminolevulinic acid, red light only, blue light only
Phase phase 1
Sponsor Massachusetts General Hospital
Start date November 2009
End date September 2013
Trial size 35 participants
Trial identifier NCT01689935, 2009-P-002352


This research study aims to compare different methods for helping difficult to treat or scarring (cystic) acne, ALA-PDT and i-PDT.

There is an investigational procedure called photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) that has been reported to be very efficient for acne treatment since 2000. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) uses a drug called ALA (aminolevulinic acid), which is marketed as Levulan®.

Levulan® is applied directly to facial/back acne. This is the way that it is usually applied. Levulan® is left on the skin for three hours so the skin can absorb it. Next, the skin where the Levulan® was applied is exposed to a red light for activation.

The sebaceous glands get obstructed and inflamed causing acne. ALA gets down under your skin through the skin pores to where the glands are. PDT destroys the glands reducing the acne lesion.

Levulan® is absorbed by normal skin surrounding the oil glands. Therefore, this procedure also has some side effects. Some of the side effects include pain, burning sensation during the procedure, and redness, tenderness, and swelling after the procedure.

At Massachusetts General Hospital's Wellman Center for Photomedicine, the investigators developed another procedure called inhibitory-PDT (i-PDT) that is similar to ALA-PDT. i-PDT is aimed at reducing the side-effects of ALA- PDT.

The difference between these two procedures is that i-PDT uses a light source that will prevent Levulan® accumulation in the normal skin surface. The investigators would like to find out if Levulan® will be placed only inside the sebaceous glands.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator, outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
(No Intervention)
No drug, no treatment
(Active Comparator)
Drug- topical 20% Aminolevulinic acid - ALA followed by red light irradiation - conventional photodynamic therapy -PDT
20 % aminolevulinic acid 5-Aminulevulinic acid HCl (ALA): Levulan® Kerastic® (Dusa Pharmaceuticals, Inc, Wilmington, MA, USA) (Dusa Pharmaceuticals)
topical medication for ALA-PDT and i-PDT
Drug - topical 20% Aminolevulinic acid - followed by inhibitory light during incubation time, then red light for photodynamic therapy
20 % aminolevulinic acid 5-Aminulevulinic acid HCl (ALA): Levulan® Kerastic® (Dusa Pharmaceuticals, Inc, Wilmington, MA, USA) (Dusa Pharmaceuticals)
topical medication for ALA-PDT and i-PDT
blue light only Omnilux Blue
Blue light only
(Active Comparator)
Red light only - no drug
red light only Omnilux Revive
Red Light therapy
(Active Comparator)
Blue light only - no drug
blue light only Omnilux Blue
Blue light only

Primary Outcomes

Efficacy: Investigator Global Assessment (IGA) scale for acne vulgaris
time frame: 0, 4, 8, 12, 16, 24 and 36 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Pain reduction
time frame: During, immediately after and 24 h after treatment

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 14 years up to 50 years old.

Inclusion criteria 1. Subjects with ages between 14 and 50 years, male or female. 2. Subjects with severe acne lesions (one or more nodules or cysts present) on their backs or face 3. Presence of moderate acne on the back and/or face that has been recalcitrant to previous treatments. Recalcitrant acne is acne with no or mild/temporary (less than 3 months) improvement after using: - Accutane® for at least one completed treatment cycle, and/or - Oral antibiotic for ≥ 3 months; and/or - Topical prescription retinoids (tretinoin - retinoic acid, adapalene, tazarotene or other derivatives) for ≥ 3 months, and/or - Topical benzoyl peroxide 2.5% or higher concentrations for ≥ 3 months - Hormonal treatments** for ≥ 3 months. 4. Willingness to participate in the study 5. Willingness to receive ALA-PDT treatment 6. Informed consent agreement signed by the subject 7. Willingness to follow the treatment schedule and post treatment care requirements 8. Willingness to not use topical or systemic (oral) anti-acne medications including medicated shampoo or soap during the study period. Exclusion criteria 1. Subjects receiving concurrent oral retinoids or antibiotics ** Subjects with chronic use of antibiotics may be included if proven that its use has not changed the severity of their acne. AND *** Chronic use of antibiotic is considered ≥ 2 years of continuous use. 2. Scarring or infection of the area to be treated 3. Known photosensitivity 4. Presence of suntan in the area to be treated 5. Subjects who have taken medication known to induce photosensitivity in the previous 3 months 6. Subjects who have had prior oral retinoid (Accutane®) use within 6 months of entering the study 7. Prior oral antibiotic use within 1 month of entering the study (see exclusion #1) 8. Topical antibiotic or other topical anti-acne treatments use within 2 weeks of entering the study 9. Known anticoagulation or thromboembolic condition 10. Subjects who are immunosuppressed 11. Subject is unable to comply with treatment, home care or follow-up visits 12. Subject is pregnant or breast feeding 13. Subject has a history of being on photosensitive medications (thiazides [used to treat high blood pressure], tetracyclines, fluoroquinolones griseofulvin or sulfonamides [used to treat infections], sulfonylureas [used to treat diabetes], calcium channel blockers [used to treat hypertension]. phenothiazines [used to treat serious emotional problems]). 14. Known skin sensitivity to blue light 15. Porphyria (a disorder of the metabolism that can lead to sensitivity to light) 16. Allergies to chemicals called porphyrins 17. Subjects who started hormonal treatment (for medical conditions or birth control) within less than 3 months.

Additional Information

Official title A Pilot Clinical Trial To Reduce Side-Effects Of Photodynamic Therapy For The Treatment Of Moderate To Severe Acne
Principal investigator Richard Rox Anderson, MD
Description This is a pilot study to compare efficacy and side effects i-PDT and ALA-PDT. All subjects will receive ALA-PDT and i-PDT. Face or back regions will be divided into two sides, the right and left. One half of the face or back will receive ALA-PDT and the other half will receive i-PDT. For subjects with back acne, red light and blue light alone will be applied for comparison. Healthy subjects with difficult to treat moderate or severe acne on the face or back are eligible to enroll. The investigators will enroll about 35 patients at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) with follow-ups 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in May 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Massachusetts General Hospital.