This trial has been terminated.

Condition pancreatic cancer
Treatment folfirinox
Phase phase 2
Sponsor UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Start date January 2012
End date August 2016
Trial size 9 participants
Trial identifier NCT01688336, LCCC 1105


This single arm, multi-center phase II clinical trial will assess the safety and efficacy of FOLFIRINOX in the first-line setting in patients with unresectable locally advanced (ULA) and borderline resectable (BR) pancreatic cancer.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Intervention model single group assignment
Primary purpose treatment
Masking no masking
FOLFIRINOX given to all subjects
folfirinox FOLFIRINOX is a chemotherapy regimen comprised of the following drugs, given in combination
FOLFIRINOX will be given intravenously on Days 1, 15, and 28 of each 28 day cycle. Drugs are given in combination in this order: Oxaliplatin (85 mg/m2) Leucovorin (400mg/ m2) Irinotecan (180 mg/m2) 5FU (400mg/m2)bolus then 2400 mg/m2 over 46 hours

Primary Outcomes

Median overall survival (OS) of FOLFIRINOX in patients with unresectable locally advanced (ULA) pancreatic cancer
time frame: Up to 3 years

Secondary Outcomes

Overall survival for borderline resectable patients
time frame: Up to 3 years
Progression free survival (PFS)
time frame: D1 of treatment until evidence of tumor progression
Objective response rate
time frame: Up to 3 years
Disease control rate (DCR)
time frame: Up to 3 years
Rate of resectability (RR)
time frame: Up to 3 years

Eligibility Criteria

All participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Biopsy confirmed adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. - Measurable or non-measurable but evaluable (as determined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 [RECIST 1.1]) unresectable locally advanced (ULA) or borderline resectable (BR) disease that is not amenable to curative intent therapy. Baseline CT abdomen and chest (or MRI abdomen) within 28 days prior to initiation of FOLFIRINOX is required. - ECOG performance status 0 or 1. - No prior chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy for pancreatic cancer. - Age ≥ 18 years of age. - Laboratory requirements at study entry: - Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL (transfusions are acceptable) - ANC ≥ 1.5 x 109/L - Platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L - Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN, or creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min (estimated by Cockcroft-Gault or measured) - Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN - AST/ALT ≤ 3 x ULN - GGT ≤ 5 x ULN - Life expectancy of at least 6 months. - Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test performed within 14 days prior to initiation of FOLFIRINOX. - WOCBP and men must agree to use adequate contraception prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and 8 weeks after the end of treatment. - Before patient registration, written informed consent must be given. Exclusion Criteria: - Local recurrence or resectable recurrence of pancreatic cancer. - Other malignancies within the past 3 years except for adequately treated cervical or vulvar carcinoma in situ, treated basal cell carcinoma, superficial bladder tumors (Ta, Tis & T1). Any cancer curatively treated >3 years prior to entry is permitted. - Hypersensitivity to 5FU, oxaliplatin or other platinum agent, or irinotecan or to their excipients. Known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) enzyme deficiency. - Participation in any investigational drug study within 4 weeks preceding the start of study treatment. Patients are not permitted to participate in another investigational drug study while being treated on this protocol. - Cardiac disease: Congestive heart failure symptoms > class II NYHA. Unstable angina (anginal symptoms at rest) or new onset angina beginning within the last 3 months. Myocardial infarction within the past 6 months. Cardiac ventricular arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy. - History of or suspected Gilbert's Disease (baseline testing not required). - Baseline peripheral neuropathy/paresthesia grade ≥ 1. - Active hepatitis B, unless patient has been on stable meds for at least 2 months (baseline testing not required). - Active clinically serious infections (> grade 2). - Any other hemorrhage/bleeding event > CTCAE Grade 3 within the 12 weeks prior to the first dose FOLFIRINOX. - Evidence or history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy. NOTE: If therapeutic anticoagulation required, the investigator is encouraged to switch patient to (or maintain on) low molecular weight heparin during the trial. - Major surgery, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 8 weeks of first study drug. A core pancreatic or liver biopsy does not preclude the patient from the study. - Unable or unwilling to discontinue use of ketoconazole or St John's wort. Use of CYP3A4 enzyme-inducing drugs and strong CYP3A4 inhibitors is discouraged, but not contraindicated. - Active drug or alcohol abuse. - Pregnant or lactating women. - Psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule; those conditions should be discussed with the patient before registration in the trial.

Additional Information

Official title Phase II Single Arm Clinical Trial of FOLFIRINOX for Unresectable Locally Advanced and Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer
Principal investigator Autumn J McRee, MD
Description FOLFIRINOX regimen was recently presented at an international oncology meeting and represents a new standard in the treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer for selected patients. With improved overall survival (OS) and response rates (RR) in the metastatic setting, we hypothesize that in patients with less tumor burden, this regimen will be safe and well tolerated, improve OS, progression free survival (PFS), and RR, and improve resectability rates, as compared to historical data from standard single agent gemcitabine therapy for unresectable locally advanced (ULA) patients and standard radiation with concurrent 5 flourouracil (5FU) chemotherapy for borderline resectable (BR) patients. While both ULA and BR patients will be eligible for the present study, our primary objective concerns ULA patients, and we plan to enroll 45 patients in this group. Patients meeting eligibility criteria will be consented and treated with FOLFIRINOX every 2 weeks (1 cycle = 4 weeks = 2 treatments). Patients will undergo repeat imaging (CT or MRI) every 2 cycles and reassessed for resectability of the tumor. All patients that are not able to undergo surgical resection, due to insufficient down-staging or patient preference, will continue on protocol-based therapy until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, study withdrawal, or death.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center.