A Child Care-based Obesity Prevention Intervention
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Treatment||primary obesity prevention|
|Sponsor||Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Mexico|
|Collaborator||National Council of Science and Technology, Mexico|
|Start date||May 2011|
|End date||November 2012|
|Trial size||640 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01679938, SALUD-2009-01-114027|
The overall objective is to determine the impact of comprehensive, multifaceted, child care-based intervention to prevent obesity among children 2 through 5 years of age. The specific aims are:
1. To determine the extent to which the intervention, compared with the control condition, results in a smaller age-associated increase in body mass index (BMI) after a 6-month intervention (primary outcome) and a 1-year follow-up period among children.
2. To determine the extent to which the intervention, compared with the control condition, reduces the proportion of children who are obese (BMI >95th percentile for age and sex).
3. To determine the extent to which the intervention, compared with the control condition, results in:
1. improved dietary, physical activity and television-viewing behaviors among children, specifically, reducing the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, high calorie/low nutrient-dense snack foods, and fast food, increasing active time, and reducing TV/video viewing time;
2. improved home food and activity environment, specifically, decreasing availability of sugar-sweetened beverages and high calorie/low nutrient-dense snack foods, and increasing parental support for healthy eating and regular physical activity;
3. improved child care center food and activity environment, specifically, increasing opportunities for healthy eating and physical activity, and increasing support and encouragement of children's behavior change by child care providers;
4. To assess the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention among child care providers and families.
METHODS. The investigators will conduct a cluster-randomized controlled trial in 16 IMSS child care centers in Mexico City. The investigators will randomly assign 8 child care centers to the intervention condition and 8 to an assessment-only control condition.
Multifaceted intervention. The resulting intervention will involve four main components:
1. Training of child care providers.
2. Curriculum sessions for children.
3. Family outreach activities.
4. Maintenance activities. Outcome and process measurements. Age-associated BMI (child's), changes in child's key obesity-related behaviors, changes in the child's home food and activity environment, and changes in child care food and activity environment. At the intervention and control child care sites, changes from baseline to one year for all outcome variables will be measured.
|Endpoint classification||efficacy study|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
|Masking||single blind (outcomes assessor)|
Child's age-associated Body Mass Index
time frame: Change from baseline (May 2011) at one year follow-up (November 2012)
Children's home environment
time frame: Change from baseline at one year follow-up.
Children's key obesity-related behaviors.
time frame: Change from baseline at one year of follow-up.
Male or female participants from 2 years up to 4 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - IMSS child care centers with at least 40 children aged 2-4 years - Child care center director that is willing to participate in the study and agrees to be randomized to control or intervention conditions. Since the intervention is a primary prevention program, the program will be available to all children, aged 2 to 4 years, at the child care centers, regardless of their current weight status - Children's parents who sign a consent form indicating their permission for their child to participate in the study and their willingness to participate in the measurement activities Exclusion Criteria: - Children with chronic conditions that limit ability to measure height and weight or substantially interfere with growth, physical activity, or dietary recommendations from the measurement activities
|Official title||Prevention of Obesity in Children: An Intervention Based on Child Care Centers Belonging to the Mexican Institute of Social Security|
|Principal investigator||Hortensia Reyes-Morales, DrSc|
|Description||Over the past 20 years, the prevalence of obesity in Mexico has increased dramatically among individuals across the lifespan, including even the youngest populations.National data from the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) population estimate that nearly 15% of children aged 2 to 5 years are obese as defined by World Health Organization criteria. Obesity among preschool-aged children is of serious public health concern due to its adverse effects on children's physical and psychosocial well-being,and its association with obesity risk in later childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood. Furthermore, because dietary and activity patterns have not been firmly established, early childhood represents a critical window for prevention. Given the high number of preschool children enrolled in out-of-home child care in Mexico, important opportunities exist for developing child care-based obesity prevention interventions focused on promoting healthy activity and dietary behaviors among children. Child care centers provide an ideal setting for a multi-level, ecologic intervention that includes strategies aimed at environmental level changes within the child care center, as well as individual level behavior change among the children. In addition, child care-based interventions have the potential to reach out to the children's families to improve the child's home food and activity environment. Setting and study population. There are 142 IMSS child care centers in Mexico City. To allow for adequate attention to details in the development of the intervention and evaluation protocol and to contain costs prior to broad dissemination of the program, the investigators will focus on 16 IMSS child care sites for this proposal, which together provide care for approximately 450 children aged 2 to 5 years. At each IMSS child care center a team consisting of a nutritionist, a nurse, an educator, and child care technicians provides the daily care and education programs for the children. This extensive personnel structure provides the ideal infrastructure for implementing the proposed multifaceted intervention. Since the intervention is a primary prevention program, the investigators will make the program available to all children, aged 2 to 5 years, at the child care centers, regardless of their current weight status. Children with chronic conditions that limit ability to measure height and weight or substantially interfere with growth, physical activity, or dietary recommendations will be excluded. Data analysis for outcome measures. Intent-to-treat analyses to compare study outcomes between the intervention and control groups at post-intervention and at 6-months follow-up will be used. To compare the difference the age-associated increase in body mass index (BMI) among intervention and control groups (Aim 1), the mixed effects model with group (child care center) as the clustering factor will be used, as recommended by several authoritative sources. Similar analyses to compare the difference in prevalence of overweight (Aim 2), in the children's weight-related behaviors (Aim 3a), in the children's home environment (Aim 3b), and in the environment of the child care center (Aim 3c) will be performed.|
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