Effect of Renal Sympathetic Denervation on Resistant Hypertension and Cardiovascular Hemodynamic in Comparison to Intensive Medical Therapy Utilizing Impedance Cardiography
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Condition||hypertension, resistant to conventional therapy|
|Treatments||the symplicitytm renal denervation system, the hotman® system|
|Sponsor||Oslo University Hospital|
|Start date||August 2012|
|End date||December 2013|
|Trial size||60 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01673516, 2012/145/REK|
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that Renal Sympathetic Denervation (RDN) improves the control of blood pressure (BP) in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension, as compared to intensive medical therapy (IMT) using hemodynamic parameters and then applying a predefined algorithm of drug selection (i.e. integrated hemodynamic management - IHM) during 6 months intensive treatment program (receiving antihypertensive care according to the 2007 ESH Guidelines). Working hypothesis: When it is possible to disrupt the sympatho-renal axis by RDN - BP reduction occurs to a greater extent and more rapidly than applying intensive medical therapy using IHM.
|Endpoint classification||safety/efficacy study|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
Absolute change in office systolic blood pressure(SBP)
time frame: at 6 months
Short and long term safety of RDN as an interventional procedure
time frame: up to10 years
Percentage of normalization of blood pressure(BP) at office, home and ABPM
time frame: at 6 months and later
The normalization of hemodynamics.
time frame: at 6 month and later
time frame: At 6 month and later
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 80 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Average SBP >140mmHg, measured per guidelines - 24 hour average ABPM daytime SBP >135mm/Hg - On stable medication regimen of full tolerated doses of 3 or more antihypertensive meds, with one being a diuretic - No changes for a minimum of 2 weeks prior to screening - No planned medication changes for 6 months - Age 18-80 years - At minimum, 3 antihypertensive medications must meet one or more of the following full dose criteria: - Highest labeled dose according to medication's labeling - Highest usual dose per clinical guidelines-JNC-7 - Highest tolerated dose - Highest appropriate dose for the patient per the PI's clinical judgment Exclusion Criteria: - Hemodynamically or anatomically significant renal artery abnormalities or stenosis >50% or prior renal artery intervention - eGFR < 45 mL/min/1.73m2 (MDRD formula) - Albumin/creatinine ratio > 50 mg/mmol - Type 1 diabetes mellitus - Known alcohol or drug abuse - Symptomatic orthostatic hypotension in past year - Stenotic valvular heart disease for which BP reduction would be hazardous - MI, unstable angina, or CVA in the prior 6 months - Known primary pulmonary HTN - Known pheochromocytoma, Cushing's disease, coarctation of the aorta, hyperthyroidism or hyperparathyroidism - Known primary hyperaldosteronism not adequately treated.
|Official title||Effect of Renal Sympathetic Denervation on Resistant Hypertension and Cardiovascular Hemodynamic in Comparison to Intensive Medical Therapy Utilizing Impedance Cardiography|
|Description||Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular disease, affecting approximately 1 billion1 people worldwide. Hypertension is a major public health concern, because of its complications (coronary artery disease, heart failure, renal disease, stroke). Early blood pressure control in hypertensive patients guarantees the best prevention of cardiovascular events on the long term (2007 ESH-ESC Guidelines on the Management of Hypertension; VALUE study). However, in spite of education efforts and antihypertensive drugs, blood pressure control rates remain low. The most common cause of uncontrolled BP is inadequate pharmacological treatment, because the selection of antihypertensive agents is often done independently of the hemodynamic status of the patient (volemic status, peripheral resistance, cardiac inotropy). The sympatho-renal axis describes the dual role of the kidney as originator of some central nervous system afferent signals and recipient of efferent sympathetic signals. Both the contribution of the kidney to central sympathetic drive and the consequences of sympathetic efferent drive to the kidney contribute to the development and sustenance of hypertension. Poly-pharmacy strategies for the treatment of elevated blood pressure have identified populations of patients with treatment resistant hypertension. Treatment Resistant Hypertension(TRH) is a blood pressure that remains above goal in spite of the concomitant use of antihypertensive medications from more than 3 drug classes. Patients who require more than 4 drug classes to have their blood pressure controlled are also considered to have resistant hypertension. Preferably, the regimen should include a diuretic and all doses should be optimal2 .The true prevalence of treatment resistant hypertension is unknown. In clinical trials from 20 to 40% of randomized patients did not reach blood pressure targets3. In the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in USA (2003-2008), non-pregnant adults with hypertension were classified as resistant if their blood pressure was 140/90 mmHg or higher and if they reported using antihypertensive medications from 3 different drug classes or drugs from 4 antihypertensive drug classes regardless of blood pressure. The prevalence was 12.8% of the drug-treated hypertensive population. Risk factors for treatment-resistant hypertension include older age and obesity . Treatment-resistant patients are more likely to have albuminuria, reduced renal function, and a history of diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, stroke or heart failure. They are at increased risk of cardiovascular complications although the true incidence of death and morbidity remains currently unknown. In the Spanish Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring Registry5, 8295 of 68045 treated patients (12.2%) had treatment resistant hypertension, defined as an office blood pressure equal to or exceeding 140 mm Hg systolic and/or 90 mm Hg diastolic. RDN is a novel procedure which has been approved safe and gives a remarkable reduction of BP in treatment-resistant hypertensive patients. The HOTMAN® System is a novel impedance cardiographic device, measuring and calculating hemodynamic parameters. The HOTMAN® System may help the physician to control blood pressure in patients with resistance hypertension. * Our pilot study(Renal sympathetic denervation in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension after witnessed intake of medication before qualifying ambulatory blood pressure.Fadl Elmula FE, Hoffmann P, Fossum E, Brekke M, Gjønnæss E, Hjørnholm U, Kjær VN, Rostrup M, Kjeldsen SE, Os I, Stenehjem AE, Høieggen A.Hypertension. 2013 Sep;62(3):526-32)has showed that The mean office and ambulatory BPs remained unchanged at 1, 3, and 6 months in the 6 patients, whereas there was no known change in antihypertensive medication. Two patients, however, had a fall in both office and ambulatory BPs. Our findings question whether BP falls in response to RDN in patients with true treatment-resistant hypertension.That is why we intended to do an intrim analysis after inclusion of around 30% of the total number planned to be included in the study.|
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