Evaluation of EUS-Guided 22 Gauge Core Biopsy Versus Fine-needle Aspiration for Suspected Pancreatic Neoplasms
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Treatment||fine needle aspiration (fna) and core biopsy (fnb)|
|Sponsor||University of Virginia|
|Start date||September 2011|
|End date||July 2013|
|Trial size||40 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01673334, 15779|
We aim to compare the efficacy (diagnostic yield), ease of use, and technical success rates of EUS guided 22 gauge fine needle aspiration to core biopsy in the evaluation of pancreatic tumors. The experimental hypothesis is that FNA will have superior overall diagnostic yield than core biopsy.
|Endpoint classification||efficacy study|
|Intervention model||single group assignment|
Patients will undergo both FNA and core biopsy during EUS evaluation of a solid pancreatic tumor.
time frame: One-week post procedure
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 90 years old.
- Age greater than 18 and less than 90 years.
- Presence of a solid (greater than 60%) mass lesion within the pancreas on cross-sectional imaging, without a preceding tissue diagnosis.
- Absence of an uncorrectable coagulopathy as defined by abnormal prothrombin time (PT) or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) that does not correct with the administration of fresh frozen plasma.
- The patient must read and speak english and has signed informed consent document.
- The patient is scheduled for diagnostic endosonography by their referring provider or UVa gastroenterologist.
- Age less than 18 or greater than 90 years.
- The patient is unable to read or understand the consent form.
- The patient is currently pregnant.
- The patient has an uncorrectable coagulopathy as defined by a prolonged prothrombin time (PT) or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) which does not improve with administration of fresh frozen plasma.
- The patient has a pancreatic mass lesion which is predominantly cystic (greater than 40%).
- No mass lesion is identified at the time of endosonography.
|Official title||Prospective Paired Evaluation of EUS-Guided 22 Gauge Core Biopsy Versus Fine-needle Aspiration for Suspected Pancreatic Neoplasms|
|Principal investigator||Vanessa Shami, MD|
|Description||Background: Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) has been utilized for over a decade to evaluate endo-luminal and adjacent tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. In that time, EUS guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) has emerged as the dominant means of tissue acquisition for pancreatic mass lesions. FNA has several limitations, foremost of which is the absence of a clear relationship between cellular elements and stroma which may be required for accurate diagnosis. Additionally, EUS-FNA requires the assistance of an on-site cytopathologist for optimal yield which limits its dissemination and increases its cost. A novel EUS histology needle (EUS-FNB) is available in the 22 gauge diameter which may allow for more accurate diagnosis without the need for on site cytopathology assistance. Aim: To prospectively compare the diagnostic yield, number of needle passes, and ease of use of 22 gauge EUS-FNA and EUS-FNB. Hypothesis: EUS-FNB is superior to traditional EUS-FNA with regard to all primary and secondary outcome measures. Methods: Patients scheduled for EUS evaluation of solid pancreatic tumors will be screened for enrollment at either a preceding clinical encounter or the morning of their scheduled procedure. English-speaking patients between the ages of 18 and 90 with a predominantly solid (greater than 60%) mass lesion of the pancreas will be considered for enrollment. Exclusion criteria include pregnancy, a predominantly cystic lesion, and the presence of an uncorrectable coagulopathy. Patients will then undergo both EUS-FNA and EUS-FNB for the collection of tissue specimens required for clinical care. The results of the experimental approach (EUS-FNB) will be compared to the control approach (EUS-FNA). Data collected for each procedure will include: instrument use order, number of needle passes with each device, technical success of each device, complications, ease of use, and the ultimate pathological diagnosis / diagnostic yield for each device. Each data category will then be compared utilizing standard statistical tests including chi-squared, Fishers' exact, or student's t test.|
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