A Trial of Gemcitabine, Infusional 5-Fluorouracil and Cisplatin for Advanced Pancreatic and Biliary Cancers
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||pancreatic cancer, biliary cancer|
|Treatment||gemcitabine, 5-fu and cisplatin|
|Sponsor||University of Michigan Cancer Center|
|Start date||July 2011|
|End date||July 2016|
|Trial size||39 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01661114, HUM 49518, UMCC 2011.036|
Multi-agent chemotherapy has value for patients with advanced pancreatic-biliary cancers leading to responses in a substantial minority and increasing survival. The use of the FOLFIRINOX regimen is limited by its' intensity and toxicity. Previous protocol and clinical experience within the University of Michigan Pancreatic Program leads to an expectation of tolerance and efficacy of the proposed regimen. Advantages of the proposed regimen relative to FOLFIRINOX include:
1. Substitution of gemcitabine for irinotecan. Single agent activity of gemcitabine is at least as good as irinotecan (probably better, especially when delivered by FDR infusion) and gemcitabine is much better tolerated with less diarrhea, nausea/emesis, myelosuppression and alopecia.
2. Deletion of leucovorin infusion and 5FU bolus injection will lessen myelosuppression, mucositis and diarrhea.
3. Substitution of cisplatin for oxaliplatin will reduce cost of therapy and avoid cold aggravated dysesthesia.
Presuming evidence of efficacy and confirmation of tolerance with the proposed regimen, the investigators believe this treatment may be more widely applicable to pancreatic-biliary cancer patients, including those with advanced disease as well as being considered for use in locally advanced and neo- and adjuvant settings.
|Endpoint classification||efficacy study|
|Intervention model||single group assignment|
time frame: 28 days
time frame: 1 year
Male or female participants at least 18 years old.
- Patients must have histologic or cytologic diagnosis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma or biliary tract cancer (intrahepatic or extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma or gallbladder carcinoma).
- Patients must have clinical/radiologic evidence of metastatic disease.
- Previous systemic therapy for metastatic disease limited to one cytotoxic chemotherapy regimen not containing cisplatin. Previous therapy for metastatic disease might have included gemcitabine or infusional 5-FU but not both agents.
- ECOG performance status < 1
- Patients must have adequate bone marrow (absolute neutrophil count >1,500/mm3, platelet count >100,000/mm3) and renal function (serum creatinine < 1.25 x ULN).
- Patients must have at least one measurable lesion per RECIST criteria.
- Patients must be free of serious concomitant medical disorders incompatible with study participation including active infection requiring systemic therapy.
- Previous malignancies are permitted provided that they have been treated with curative intent and patient is without evidence of active systemic disease.
- Patients must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and provide written informed consent prior to receiving protocol treatment.
- Patients with pre-existing peripheral neuropathy > grade 2 are ineligible.
- Previous systemic therapy for metastatic disease limited to one cytotoxic chemotherapy regimen not containing cisplatin.
- Previous therapy for metastatic disease might have included gemcitabine or infusional 5-FU but not both agents.
- Serious concomitant medical disorders incompatible with study participation including active infection requiring systemic therapy.
|Official title||A Trial of Gemcitabine, Infusional 5-Fluorouracil and Cisplatin for Advanced Pancreatic and Biliary Cancers|
|Principal investigator||Mark Zalupski, MD|
|Description||Gemcitabine combined with 5FU may enhance the activity of 5-FU in vivo. Gemcitabine is an inhibitor of ribonucleotide reductase, an enzyme needed for synthesis of deoxynucleotides, and 5-FU interferes with dTTP synthesis by inhibition of thymidylate synthase (TS). It is likely that concomitant administration of gemcitabine and 5FU results in increased cytotoxicity by reducing intracellular dTTP thru two different mechanisms, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and repair. Platinum compounds lead to cell death by forming DNA adducts and causing double strand breaks. By inhibiting DNA synthesis and repair, both gemcitabine and 5-FU potentiate the activity of cisplatin. These interactions underlie the clinical synergism that has been observed with platinum/5FU and platinum/gemcitabine combinations.|
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