This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition melanoma
Treatments xl888, vemurafenib
Phase phase 1
Target BRAF
Sponsor H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Collaborator Exelixis
Start date July 2012
End date September 2016
Trial size 21 participants
Trial identifier NCT01657591, MCC-17013


This is a multi-cohort, dose-escalation study of XL888 with a fixed dose of vemurafenib. New dose escalation or de-escalation cohorts will be assigned by the Principal Investigator (PI) with discussion with appropriate co-investigators once safety and tolerability is known for a given cohort in accordance to dose escalation rules. Participants will be defined to be enrolled within a cohort upon receipt of first dose of XL888/vemurafenib.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Intervention model single group assignment
Primary purpose treatment
Masking no masking
The treatment period will include dosing (taking a certain amount on a regular schedule) with vemurafenib along with the study drug, XL888. Everyone in the study will receive both drugs, but the XL888 will be given at different doses (different amounts). Everyone in this study will be given vemurafenib at the standard dose (the amount of the drug that is given as standard treatment) of 960 milligrams (mg) twice per day, unless the first people in the study have severe side effects when taking the lowest dose of XL888 along with vemurafenib. If that happens, the next people in the study may be given a lower dose of vemurafenib (720 mg twice per day) along with the lowest dose of XL888.
xl888 molecule inhibitor
Level -1: XL888 30 mg; Level 1: XL888 30 mg; Level 2: XL888 45 mg; Level 3: XL888 90 mg; Level 4: XL888 135 mg
vemurafenib Zelboraf ®
Level -1: Vemurafenib 720 mg; Level 1: Vemurafenib 960 mg; Level 2: Vemurafenib 960 mg; Level 3: Vemurafenib 960 mg; Level 4: Vemurafenib 960 mg

Primary Outcomes

Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) and Recommended Phase II Dose (RP2D)
time frame: Average of 36 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Progression Free Survival (PFS) Rate
time frame: 6 months
Overall Survival (OS) Rate
time frame: 1 year
Best Overall Response Rate (ORR)
time frame: 18 months

Eligibility Criteria

All participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Must have cytologically or histologically-confirmed unresectable melanoma that harbors a BRAF V600 E or K mutation determined by pyrosequencing assay or equivalent genotyping assay in a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) certified laboratory, meeting one of the following American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging criteria: - AJCC Stage IV (Tany, Nany, M1a, b, or c) - AJCC Stage III B or C with unresectable nodal/locoregional involvement - Adequate hepatic, renal, and bone marrow function as defined by the following parameters obtained within 2 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment: - Hematologic Criteria: leukocytes ≥3,000/mcL; absolute neutrophil count ≥1,500/mcL; platelets ≥100,000/mcL - Renal Criteria: serum creatinine within normal institutional limits or a creatinine clearance ≥60 mL/min for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal - Hepatic Criteria: aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal; if liver metastasis present, then AST/ALT may be less than or equal to 5 times the upper limit of normal - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 - Willing to give written informed consent per institutional guidelines and must be able to adhere to dose and visit schedules - Female and male participants must agree to use a medically acceptable method of birth control prior to screening and agree to continue its use throughout the study. Females of childbearing potential should be counseled in the appropriate use of birth control while on this study. - Treatment-naïve and previously treated patients will be included; however, patients may not have received a BRAF or HSP90 inhibitor in the past. - Patients must be at least 4 weeks from any prior systemic therapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C), surgery or radiation. - Must have measurable disease as defined by RECIST 1.1 Exclusion Criteria: - Females who are pregnant, intend to become pregnant or are nursing. Females with child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within one week of enrollment. - Previously treated with BRAF or HSP90 inhibitor therapy - Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier. - Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents. - History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition (i.e. ethanol) to XL888 or vemurafenib (i.e., ethanol). - Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, uncontrolled or symptomatic cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements - HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with XL888 and vemurafenib. - Untreated or uncontrolled brain metastases or evidence of leptomeningeal disease. Brain metastases that have been appropriately treated with radiation and/or surgery will be allowed as long as the central nervous system (CNS) disease has been stable for at least 4 weeks post-treatment. - Must be at least 3 years from any prior malignancy and have no evidence of the malignancy at the time of enrollment. Patients with adequately treated squamous cell or basal cell carcinomas of the skin, multiple primary melanomas, or any carcinoma in situ will be allowed. - Corrected QT interval (QTc) greater than 460 ms at baseline

Additional Information

Official title Phase I Study of Escalating Doses of XL888 With Vemurafenib for Patients With Unresectable BRAF Mutated Stage III/IV Melanoma
Principal investigator Zeynep Eroglu, M.D.
Description In this study, the investigational drug XL888 will be given along with the drug vemurafenib. The investigators want to learn more about the safety and side effects of XL888 and hope to find out what dose of the drug can be given safely without serious side effects. Based on research done in a laboratory on tissue samples (cells collected from living things), the researchers think that XL888 might help to make vemurafenib work to fight cancer cells in the body for a longer period of time.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute.
Location data was received from the National Cancer Institute and was last updated in March 2017.