This trial has been completed.

Condition pbc
Treatments bezafibrate, placebo
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Start date October 2012
End date December 2016
Trial size 100 participants
Trial identifier NCT01654731, AOM 10291, P100109


Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease that eventually leads to end-stage liver failure and death unless liver transplantation (LT) is performed. Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) administered orally at the daily dose of 13-15 mg/kg is currently the only drug approved for the treatment of PBC. UDCA consistently improves biochemical liver tests, prolongs survival without LT, and delays histological progression as well as the occurrence of portal hypertension. However, a significant proportion (40%) of patients treated with UDCA shows an incomplete biochemical response and remains at high risk of death or LT. The development of new treatments in combination with UDCA is therefore needed. Several candidates exist among which is Bezafibrate. Bezafibrate belongs to the fibrates' pharmacological class, which has been developed 4 decades ago for the treatment of mixed hyperlipidaemia. Bezafibrate is cheap, widely available and well tolerated. There is now a substantial body of circumstantial evidence supporting that fibrates, and Bezafibrate in particular, are well tolerated and can improve biochemical liver tests in patients with PBC with incomplete response to UDCA. However, despite several positive successful pilot studies, there are still no phase 3 randomized placebo-controlled trials of fibrates for the treatment of PBC. The purpose of this protocol is therefore to conduct such a trial in a selected population of patients with PBC based on an incomplete biochemical response after 6 months of UDCA therapy.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Primary purpose treatment
Masking participant, care provider, investigator, outcomes assessor
400 mg/Day
(Placebo Comparator)
1 tablet/ day

Primary Outcomes

Percentage of patients with complete biochemical response.
time frame: 24 months

Secondary Outcomes

Percentage of patients having biological or clinical adverse reaction.
time frame: 24 months
Percentage of patients having complete biochemical response.
time frame: 12 months
Evolution of the pruritus.
time frame: 24 months
Assessment of the fatigue and the quality of life.
time frame: 24 months
Evolution of liver fibrosis surrogate markers.
time frame: 24 months
Evolution of the portal hypertension markers.
time frame: 24 months
Histological evolution: Histopathological examination of biological sample before enrolment and at the end of the study.
time frame: 24 months
Evolution of the biological markers of the hepatic function or being in the usual prognostic scores (Mayo, Child, MELD).
time frame: 24 months
Survival without transplantation and hepatic impairment.
time frame: 24 months

Eligibility Criteria

All participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Age > 18 - Patient with PBC defined by 2 in 3 of the following criteria Positive antimitochondrial antibody type M2. Abnormal serum alkaline phosphatases (ALP > 1,5N) and aminotransferase (AST or ALT > 1N) activities. Histological hepatic injuries consistent with PBC from biopsy specimens of at least 10 mm. - Patient treated with UDCA at the dose of 13 to 15 mg/kg/d (consistent to the AMM) - Patients showing an incomplete biochemical response to UDCA as defined by : ALP > 1,5N or AST > 1,5N or total bilirubin >17 µmol/l (with conjugated bilirubin > 8 µmol/l) after ≥ 3 months of UDCA at the dose of 13 - 15 mg/kg/day. Exclusion Criteria: - Unsigned consent. - Patient with no social insurance or having medical assistant of state - Ascites or gastrointestinal bleeding (or history of these) - Serum total bilirubinemia > 50 μmols/L (3 mg/dl) (sample < 3 months) - Serum albuminemia < 35 g/l (sample < 3 months) - Prothrombin index < 70% (sample < 3 months) - Platelet count < 100000/mm3 (sample < 3 months) - Treatment with corticosteroids, immunosuppressive agents, fibrates (or other PPAR-agonists) or statin in the last 3 months - Any comorbidity susceptible to cause a hepatic impairment (HBV, HCV, or HIV seropositivity; excessive alcohol consumption; hemochromatosis, Wilson's disease, α1 antitrypsin deficiency; celiac disease; uncontrolled dysthyroidism; autoimmune hepatitis, inflammatory colitis) - Any severe comorbidity decreasing life expectancy - Intolerance or hypersensitivity to fibrates, to one of these components or other fibrates in general - Known photosensitivity reaction to fibrates - Pregnancy or desire of pregnancy - Breast-feeding - Renal failure (clearance of creatinine < 60 ml/mn) - Patient with congenital galactosemia, syndrome of glucose malabsorption, lactase deficiency due to the presence of lactose in tablets of bezafibrate 400 mg

Additional Information

Official title Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind Placebo Controlled Trial of Bezafibrate for the Treatment of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis in Patients With Incomplete Response to Ursodesoxycholic Acid Therapy.
Principal investigator Christophe Corpechot, Doctor
Description This is a multi-center, randomized (treatment will be assigned by chance), placebo-controlled (an inactive substance will be compared with the test drug to see whether the drug has a real effect), parallel-group (two or more groups of patients will receive different treatments) study that will assess the efficacy and safety of bezafibrate in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) who had an inadequate biochemical response to ursodeoxycholic acid, as defined by the Paris II criteria. Bezafibrate 400 mg or placebo will be daily administered in combination with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) 13-15 mg/kg/d for 24 months. Patient safety will be monitored. Primary end-point will be the percentage of patients with a complete normalization of the following biochemical tests: alkaline phosphatase, aminotransferases, total bilirubin, serum albumin, and prothrombin index. Secondary endpoints will include the percentage of drug-related adverse events, survival rates without liver transplantation or liver decompensation, time course of non-invasive liver fibrosis measurements (Fibroscan, serum hyaluronic acid), time course of liver histological parameters (fibrosis stage, necro-inflammatory grade, ductopenia) assessed on percutaneous biopsy specimens, time course of endoscopic, ultrasound, and biochemical features of portal hypertension, time course of pruritus and of quality of life using validated scales.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2017.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris.