Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition end stage renal failure with renal transplant
Treatments tacrolimus with mmf, group 2: tacrolimus with everolimus.
Sponsor Northwestern University
Collaborator Novartis
Start date February 2013
End date May 2017
Trial size 88 participants
Trial identifier NCT01653847, Novartis- Everolimus

Summary

The immune system is the body's defense against infection and other disease. After transplantation, the body sees the new organ as "foreign" and tries to destroy or "reject" it. Immunosuppressive medications help to prevent the immune system from attacking a transplanted organ. The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of two maintenance immunosuppressive regimens. Subjects who enroll in this study will be randomly selected to have tacrolimus and everolimus (group 1) or tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil (group 2) as their immunosuppression medication.

This study will enroll adult patients who are scheduled to receive a kidney transplant.

The study is designed to understand the mechanisms of Everolimus in regards to kidney function in transplant recipients. The investigators hypothesis is that decreased exposure to Tacrolimus to the immune system will then translate in better renal allograft function.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
This group will receive a standard dose Tacrolimus and MMF. This will follow standard of care protocol at Northwestern Memorial Hospital's Comprehensive Transplant Center.
tacrolimus with mmf Tacrolimus
Standard dose Tacrolimus and MMF. This will follow standard of care procedures at Northwestern Memorial Hospital's Comprehensive Transplant Center. MMF trough or area under the concentration time curve (AUC) shall not be used to adjust dosing. In this group, Tacrolimus will be initiated according to our practice. The Tacrolimus dose will be adjusted from day 3 on to achieve a target whole blood trough concentration of 8 ng/mL to 10 ng/mL. From month 2 until Month 6, the target Tacrolimus trough level will be reduced to 6 ng/mL to 8 ng/mL. After month 6, the target level of Tacrolimus will be reduced to 4 ng/mL to 8 ng/mL.
(Active Comparator)
This group will receive a low dose Tacrolimus with concentration controlled Everolimus
group 2: tacrolimus with everolimus. Everolimus
From day 5 on, the starting dose of Everolimus (0.75 mg bid) will be increased if the trough level is < 3 ng/mL, or reduced if the trough level is > 8 ng/mL. Tacrolimus will be initiated according to our practice. In this treatment arm, the Tacrolimus dose will be adjusted from day 3 on, to a target whole blood trough concentration of 4 ng/mL to 7 ng/mL. From month 2 until Month 6, the target Tacrolimus trough level will be 3 ng/mL to 6 ng/mL. After month 6, the Tacrolimus dose should be adjusted in order to achieve a target trough level of 2 ng/mL to 5 ng/mL. MMF dose will be initiated as 1 g b.i.d. (2 g/day). Adjustments should be made for adverse events including but not limited to gastrointestinal intolerance and a decrease in white blood cell (WBC).
(No Intervention)
One time blood samples will be collected from kidney donors to recipients in this study

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Change in T cell & B cell generation, function and gene expression
time frame: baseline - 12 months post transplant
Change in Renal allograft function
time frame: baseline - 12 months post transplant
Change in T and B cell immune response
time frame: baseline - 12 months post transplant

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Change in Renal allograft immunohistopathology & gene expression post-transplant
time frame: baseline - 12 months post transplant
compare the impact of the two maintenance immunosuppressive regimens on acute rejection, graft loss and death at 12 months post transplant.
time frame: baseline - 12 months post transplant
Change in Renal Allograft survival
time frame: baseline - 12 months post transplant

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 70 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Subjects should be adults between 18 and 70 years of age 2. Subjects can be either gender or of any ethnic background 3. Subjects should be single organ recipients (kidney only) 4. Subjects must be able to understand the protocol and provide informed consent. 5. Recipient of living donor kidney transplants 6. Panel reactive antibody (PRA) < 20% Exclusion Criteria: 1. Subjects with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) secondary to primary focal segmental glomerulonephritis (FSGS). 2. Inability to fully understand the purpose of the study and the inability to sign the informed consent 3. Subjects with a significant or active infection 4. Subjects who are pregnant or nursing females 5. Subjects with a history of severe hyperlipidemia not controlled with statins, patients with Cholesterol > 400mg/dl 6. Subjects with a platelet count < 100,000mm3, WBC < 2,000mm3 (or clinical practice) 7. Subjects, who, due to the existence of a surgical, medical or psychiatric condition, other than the current transplant, which in the opinion of the investigator, precludes enrollment into this trial.

Additional Information

Official title Impact of Two Prednisone-free Maintenance Immunosuppressive Regimens With Reduced Dose FK506+Everolimus vs. Standard Dose Tacrolimus (FK506)+ Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) on Subpopulation of T and B Cells, Renal Allograft Function and Gene Expression Profiles in Renal Allograft Biopsies at 12 Months Post-transplant. Prospective Single Center Study in Recipients of Renal Transplant Allograft.
Principal investigator Lorenzo Gallon, MD
Description Immunosuppressive therapy with the calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) Cyclosporine (CsA) and Tacrolimus (Tac), have radically changed the field of organ transplantation. Ironically, although extensively and effectively used for kidney transplantation and other solid organ transplants, CsA and Tac cause important adverse renal side effects: acute and chronic renal dysfunction, hemolytic-uremic syndrome, hypertension, electrolyte disturbances and tubular acidosis. Chronic nephrotoxicity from CNI has been implicated as a principal cause of post-transplant renal dysfunction and it is characterized by an irreversible and progressive tubular atrophy, interstitial fibrosis, and focal hyalinosis of small renal arteries and arterioles. Furthermore, this class of medications is associated also, by blocking Interleukin-2 (IL2) production, with negative impact on regulatory T cells (T-Regs) generation (an important subpopulation of T helper cells that has been associated with positive immunomodulation and donor specific hypo responsiveness). In renal transplant recipients, complete avoidance of calcineurin inhibitors from the time of renal transplant surgery has been associated with increased incidence of acute cellular rejection, and the combination of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors with full dose CNI has been shown to be synergistically nephrotoxic and it has been associated with poor graft outcome. CNI conversion to mTOR inhibitors, at different time point post-transplant, has been tested with promising results, by different investigators and by the investigators group. The investigators have shown that in a Prednisone-free immunosuppression, conversion from Tacrolimus to mTor inhibitors at different time point post transplant is safe, it is not associated with an increased risk of acute rejection and more importantly it is associated with an a persistent increase of regulatory T cells (Data presented at the American Transplant Congress (ATC) 09 and 2010) Recently the A2309 study allowed Everolimus to be FDA approved. The A2309 was a study designed to combined reduced dose Cyclosporine+Everolimus. Interesting the reduced exposure to Cyclosporine was not associated with an increase rate of albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) and renal allograft function was well maintained compared to the control group. The A2309 opens then an important question regarding the mechanism(s) that can explain the efficacy of a low dose CNI with an mTOR inhibitor in preventing acute allograft rejection. The present proposal is designed to understand the mechanisms of the synergistic effect(s) of low dose CNI and mTOR inhibitors (Everolimus) in controlling allo-reactive T and B cells while expanding T-Regs. The investigators hypothesis based in published data and from their laboratory (see preliminary data-Supportive documents), is that mTOR inhibitors allow expansion of T-Regs and low exposure of CNI is sufficient to control allo-reactive T cells. Decrease exposure to CNI and concomitant increase of T-Regs will then translate in better renal allograft function and histology.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Northwestern University.