Preoperative CRT With or Without Induction Chemotherapy for Rectal Cancer With Liver Metastases
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||rectal cancer, liver metastases|
|Treatments||capecitabine, oxaliplatin, radiotherapy|
|Sponsor||Asan Medical Center|
|Start date||January 2010|
|End date||September 2014|
|Trial size||38 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01643070, XELOX-RT|
To investigate the feasibility of preoperative chemoradiation with oxaliplatin plus capecitabine, with or without prior induction chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced or marginally resectable rectal cancer with resectable synchronous liver metastases.
|Endpoint classification||safety/efficacy study|
|Intervention model||factorial assignment|
R0 resection rate after simultaneous surgery of the rectum and the liver
time frame: 1 day
Male or female participants from 20 years up to 75 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the rectum Tumor located within 12 cm from anal verge Clinical stage of T3-4 or N+ by rectal MRI ± endorectal ultrasound Age over 18 years No prior systemic treatment or radiation Adequate major organ functions Borderline resectability of primary rectal cancer Complete resectability of liver metastases (measurable by RECIST 1.1) Exclusion Criteria: - Unresectable liver metastases (6 or more metastatic lesions, major vessel invasion) - Extrahepatic metastasis
|Official title||Randomized Phase II Trial of Preoperative Chemoradiation With or Without Induction Chemotherapy In Patients With Locally Advanced Or Borderlinely Resectable Rectal Cancer With Resectable Synchronous Liver Metastases|
|Description||Preoperative chemoradiation is now an initial treatment of choice for locally advanced resectable rectal cancer, and 5-fluorouracil is the standard agent during chemoradiation. Capecitabine is an oral fluoropyrimidine which has been thought to be a replacement for intravenous 5-fluorouracil, and several trials have proved that preoperative chemoradiation with capecitabine was also effective in this setting. Oxaliplatin, a newer platinum agent, plus fluoropyrimidines (either 5-fluorouracil or capecitabine) is one of the standard cytotoxic chemotherapeutic regimen for metastatic colorectal cancer, and it is also proved to be effective as neoadjuvant chemotherapy for patients with liver only metastasis from colorectal cancer. Approximately 25% of patients with colorectal cancer have liver metastases initially at the time of diagnosis and there have been quite well established evidences for clear survival benefits from hepatic metastasectomy in these patients. Treatment for colorectal liver metastases should be planned with consideration of both systemic chemotherapy and local treatment modality (surgery or radiofrequency ablation) because long term survival would be expected after curative liver metastasectomy. As mentioned previously, neoadjuvant oxaliplatin plus fluoropyrimidines before hepatic metastasectomy improved disease-free survival, thus it is thought to be that better systemic controls would be achieved with perioperative oxaliplatin based chemotherapy. In patients with locally advanced rectal cancer, preoperative chemoradiation with fluoropyrimidines improves local control but not systemic control. Recent randomized trials of preoperative chemoradiation with oxaliplatin plus fluoropyrimidines failed to show better local control rates than those with fluoropyrimidines alone. But it is too early to determine the non-superiority of preoperative chemoradiation with oxaliplatin plus fluoropyrimidines in terms of systemic control; long-term duration of follow-up is needed to determine the efficacy in terms of disease-free or overall survival and it is evident that oxaliplatin based chemotherapy is effective for systemic control in patients who will be candidate for liver metastasectomy. Thus, the investigators planned a randomized phase II trial of preoperative chemoradiation with oxaliplatin plus capecitabine, with or without prior induction chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced or borderlinely resectable rectal cancer with resectable synchronous liver metastases.|
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