Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition contraceptive behavior
Treatment text messaging intervention
Sponsor Maria Trent
Collaborator Thomas Wilson Sanitarium Foundation for the Children of Baltimore City
Start date January 2011
End date March 2012
Trial size 100 participants
Trial identifier NCT01641380, DepoText

Summary

While there have been major declines in teenage pregnancy around the country, Baltimore, Maryland has continued to experience increases over the last several years. Access and adherence to contraception has been found to be a major contributor to declines in teen pregnancy worldwide. The aim of this proof of concept pilot project is to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a text messaging reminder system for communicating with urban adolescents using Depo-Provera for long-acting contraception. We will randomize urban adolescent girls who have elected Depo-Provera for ongoing contraception to receive either standard counseling and clinic appointment reminders or a text messaging (DepoTEXT) follow-up intervention. Participants in the DepoTEXT intervention will receive reminders for clinic visits and encouraging messages each month for STI prevention. The primary outcomes being measured are 1) delivery of text messages 2) preliminary effectiveness for improving adherence 3) patient satisfaction with the text messaging program.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (investigator)
Primary purpose supportive care
Arm
(No Intervention)
Adolescents in the Control Arm received standard of care. They continue to receive the DepoProvera injections through scheduled appointment, but would not receive a call from the nurse case manager regarding DepoProvera appointments until they have missed their scheduled DepoProvera appointment.
(Experimental)
Adolescents in the intervention arm receive text message reminders for appointments and positive sexual health messages regarding use of DepoProvera in between scheduled appointments. They are encouraged to seek care for assistance with obtaining condoms and/or if they are having problems with the medication.
text messaging intervention Compliance for Life®
Online enrollment in the Compliance for Life® (CFL) system through iReminder) Welcome Message 24 hrs after enrollment Appointment Reminder prior to 3 month injection cycles Monthly health reminders i. Condom use ii. Weight control iii. Side Effect Management 5.6-month STD testing reminder 6.Call for missed appointment or no reply to appointment reminder (or other text message)

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Appointment Adherence (Efficacy)
time frame: 9 months

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants from 13 years up to 21 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Selected Depo-Provera for ongoing contraception - Have a cell phone with text messaging capacity for personal use, and - Agree to be randomized Exclusion Criteria: - Adolescent girls using other forms of contraception - Adolescents who do not have a cell phone w/ text messaging capability for personal use

Additional Information

Official title Meaningful Use of Technology to Improve Health Care Delivery for Urban Adolescents: Focus on Teen Pregnancy Prevention (DepoText Study)
Principal investigator Maria Trent, MD, MPH
Description Aims: The aim of this proof of concept pilot project is to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a text messaging reminder system for communicating with urban adolescents using Depo-Provera for long-acting contraception. We will randomize urban adolescent girls who have elected Depo-Provera for ongoing contraception to receive either standard counseling and clinic appointment reminders or a text messaging (DepoTEXT) follow-up intervention. Participants in the DepoTEXT intervention will receive reminders for clinic visits and encouraging messages each month for STI prevention. The primary outcomes being measured are 1) delivery of text messages 2) preliminary effectiveness for improving adherence 3) patient satisfaction with the text messaging program. Setting and Participants: This research study will be conducted in the Johns Hopkins Harriet Lane Clinic located Baltimore, Maryland. As noted above, Baltimore currently has rates of teen pregnancy that are significantly higher than statewide rates.5, 6 The United States Census estimates that there are 47,710 adolescents between the ages of 15-19 years in Baltimore. 7 Using 2007 Youth Risk Behavior Survey estimates, approximately 35,829 youth in this age group are having sexual intercourse and 13,302 are not using condoms for either STI or pregnancy prevention. 20The current rise in birth rates to teens in urban Baltimore has prompted a joint initiative involving the mayor's office, Baltimore City Health Department, Urban Health Institute, and Healthy Teen Network.21 The Harriet Lane Clinic located in East Baltimore, primarily serves low income African American families from the neighboring communities. Adolescents and young adults in East Baltimore have high rates of pregnancy and STIs. During the 1st 12-months of funding of the Johns Hopkins Harriet Lane Teen Clinic's Title X Program, the majority of clients were females aged 15 to 25 years (83%), uninsured (52%), and minors seeking confidential services (50%). The program provides sexual/reproductive health services to young persons who are uninsured, underinsured and seeking confidential services. More than 80% of patients served by the clinic participate in a Medicaid Managed Care Organization. While there are approximately 250 individuals on the Depo-Provera logs, the Harriet Lane Clinic currently has more than 100 active users, but adherence to scheduled Depo-Provera appointments remains a problem despite access to care through our clinical site. Recruitment: Adolescent girls 13-21 who have 1) elected Depo-Provera for long-acting contraception and 2) have an active cell phone for their personal use will be asked by the adolescent nurse case manager and/or research staff at 1) routine clinical visits and 2) through telephone outreach if they would be willing to participate in a quality improvement intervention that involved random assignment to the text messaging intervention that reminds them of their next Depo-Provera visit via text message or the standard clinic reminders via phone. All recruitment will take place in the confines of their private room during their routine clinical visits for family planning or via phone at the preferred contact number listed by the patient. The same degree of privacy will be afforded as during the clinical visit or during routine follow-up phone calls. Randomization & Blinding As noted in the above schematic, adolescents who agree to participate will be randomized to the intervention or control arms at the time of enrollment. A computer generated randomization sequence for block randomization (5 units) will be employed. Ordered envelopes will be generated for each enrollment packet to guide the research staff regarding group assignment. Interventions All adolescents will receive care by the Harriet Lane Adolescent Medicine Clinic according to the existing clinical protocol. During "Depo visits" patients receive a nursing assessment, medical assessment if indicated, counseling, and if all is well their next injection, an appointment card with the date of the next injection. Patients are also offered automatic clinic reminders via their home phone. All adolescents in the study will complete a baseline interview and brief follow-up interview at each visit based on the standard interviews conducted by staff at each Depo-Provera visit. Adolescents who are enrolled by phone will be asked the questions via phone and then interviewed at the next visit. In addition to this standard care and brief study interviews, adolescents in the Depo-TEXT intervention will be provided with online enrollment in the Compliance for Life® (CFL) system through iReminder) to receive a welcome Message 24 hrs after enrollment, appointment reminders prior to 3 month injection cycles, monthly health reminders (condom use, weight control on DepoProvera, side effect management, 6-month STD testing reminder, call for text replies to reschedule and missed appointments.) Intervention participants will receive standard of care for those enrolled in the DepoProvera clincial program through which a nurse case manager responds to self-activated queries for assistance and missed clinic appointments. Patients will be followed for adherence for 2-3 Depo-Provera injection cycles depending on the time of enrollment. Human subjects Protections: All participants will provide informed oral consent and/or via phone and will be informed that their participation in the study will have no effect on subsequent medical care. All patient data will be kept confidential and secure by using subject ID numbers, electronic collection of survey information and storage on secure servers with password protection for access. All research team members on this project have been educated in the protection of human research participants and the treatment of protected health information as evidence by completion of their institutional compliance courses. Research assistants have completed the compliance courses as a part of their staff training. We are also using an established provider of global, secure and regulatory HIPAA compliant patient communication solutions to healthcare and biopharmaceutical research sectors to engage adolescents using SMS technology.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in July 2012.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Johns Hopkins University.