Concentration of Antimicrobials in Catheter-lock Solutions
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||catheter-related infections, bacteremia.|
|Treatments||vancomycin antimicrobial-lock solution, teicoplanin antimicrobial-lock solution, linezolid antimicrobial-lock solution, daptomycin antimicrobial-lock solution, tigecycline antimicrobial-lock solution|
|Sponsor||Clinica Universidad de Navarra, Universidad de Navarra|
|Collaborator||University of Navarrra Hospital (Clinica Universitaria)|
|Start date||May 2012|
|End date||January 2015|
|Trial size||125 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01592032, 2010-023814-29, CAS110775|
The antibiotic lock technique (ALT) is used as local treatment for Catheter-Related Bacteremia (CRB). It consists in the administration of a concentrated antimicrobial solution with a calculated volume to fill the lumen of the catheter. The lock solution is indwelled within the catheter for a defined period of hours or days before been removed.
Currently, the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) Guidelines for treatment and management of CRB, recommends to change the antibiotic solution every 24 hours.
The investigators expect to determine the stability of the concentration of vancomycin, teicoplanin, linezolid, daptomycin and tigecycline used in lock solutions, and thus to assay the optimal timeframe that the concentration of antibiotic used in lock solution keeps its in vivo antimicrobial activity.
Study Hypothesis: An antibiotic lock solution maintains in vivo concentration and antimicrobial activity for at least 10 days after its infusion inside a subcutaneous port catheter.
|Endpoint classification||pharmacokinetics/dynamics study|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
Antimicrobial concentration of catheter-lock solutions at the end of port indwelling time.
time frame: 1 to 10 days
Bioactivity of antimicrobials in lock solutions at the end of port indwelling time.
time frame: 1 to 10 days
Anticoagulant activity of antimicrobial-lock solutions at the end of port indwelling time.
time frame: 1 to 10 days
Male or female participants at least 18 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Intravenous access port recently inserted (≤ 3 days of insertion). - Intravenous access port inserted more than 3 days before informed consent form signing patient. In this case, a blood sample from the catheter will be drawn for blood culture before administration of the antibiotic lock solution. - Informed Consent Form Signed. Exclusion Criteria: - Patients with confirmed or suspected local or systemic infection related to the catheter. - Reported allergy or intolerance to the antibiotic employed for study lock solutions. - Patients receiving oral, intravenous or intramuscular antibiotic treatment at the moment of inclusion in the clinical trial. - Patients receiving oral, intravenous or subcutaneous anticoagulant treatment, in a higher dose than the one used for venous thrombosis prophylaxis at the moment of inclusion in the clinical trial. - Patients younger than 18 years old. - Pregnant women or women in nursing period. - Personal incapacity to subscribe the informed consent to participate in the clinical trial. Patient Replacement Criteria: All patients and/or their legal representatives will be inform that they can leave the clinical trial in whenever they wish to do it, without prejudice to their medical attention. Also, according to the criteria of the principal investigator, a patient could be separated from the clinical trial. The reasons to separate a patient from the study and replace him/her are: - Severe adverse reaction that could threat the life of the patient. - Resolution of the patient or from his/her legal representative to abandon the study. - No attend to the extraction visit date. - Development of clinical inconveniences that may indicate to abandon the study in behalf of the patient. - While antibiotic lock solution is within the port, manipulation or use of the port for administration of any kind of medication or fluid. - Impossibility to extract 4 ml of the antibiotic lock solution from the port. - Impossibility to extract 5 ml of peripheral blood sample at the moment of extraction of the antibiotic lock solution. - Use of any of the prohibited medications during the antibiotic lock solution is inside the port. - Intentionally wish of the patient in abandoning the study before or after antibiotic lock solution has been administered, or while the antibiotic lock solution is inside the port. All patients who abandon the study or would be separated from the study for the exposed reasons, will be replaced for new candidates who fulfil the inclusion criteria and have signed the informed consent form.
|Official title||Concentration and Antibiotic Activity in Antibiotic Lock Solutions|
|Principal investigator||JOSE L DEL POZO, MD. Ph. D.|
|Description||Primary Objective: Assess the antimicrobial concentration of catheter-lock solutions at the end of port indwelling time. Secondary Objectives: 1) Assess bioactivity of antimicrobials in lock solutions at the end of port indwelling time. 2) Assess anticoagulant activity of antimicrobial-lock solutions at the end of port indwelling time. Methods: Randomized, open, block allocation according to time of indwelling of the antimicrobial-lock within the ports, unicentric, clinical trial in patients older than 18 years old with a venous port implanted at Clínica Universidad de Navarra. Intevention: Randomization of 5 patients into one of five antimicrobial-lock solution arms for 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10 days according to HPLC corrected by urea gradient. Any study arm can be stopped at any time from day 1 to day 10, in case of antimicrobial concentration would be less than 1 mg/mL. At the end of each antimicrobial lock time frame of ports (1, 3, 5, 7 and 10 days), the antimicrobial concentration will be determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and corrected by urea gradient. The cut-off for the median antimicrobial concentration is 1 mg/mL.|
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