Prospective Trial of Two Prone Breast Radiotherapy Techniques With Randomization to Concurrent Versus Weekly Boost
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Treatments||arm 1 daily boost of radiation therapy, arm 2 weekly boost of radiation therapy|
|Sponsor||New York University School of Medicine|
|Start date||April 2012|
|End date||February 2017|
|Trial size||433 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01591811, S12-01299|
1. To test the hypothesis that when prone, patients treated with 3D-CRT breast radiotherapy and randomly assigned to either a weekly or a daily boost to the tumor bed develop acute toxicity that is not significantly worse than that of a concurrent cohort of patients treated with IMRT randomly assigned to a weekly or daily boost regimen.
2. To test the hypothesis that when prone, patients treated with 3D-CRT breast radiotherapy, randomly assigned to either a weekly or a daily boost to the tumor bed develop late toxicity that is not significantly worse than that of concurrent cohort of patients treated with IMRT randomly assigned to a weekly of daily boost.
3. To test hypothesis that 5 year local control rates of ≤ 5% in-breast recurrence can be achieved in each of the two randomized arms, for either technique tested.
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
Number of patients with acute radiation toxicity of Grade 2 or higher.
time frame: Up to 90 days of radiation treatment
Number of patients with late radiation toxicity.
time frame: 90 days following radiation treatment up to 5years
time frame: up to 5 years
Female participants at least 18 years old.
- Pre- or post-menopausal women with Stage 0, I and II breast cancer (Post-menopausal women defined as either (a) at least 2 years without menstrual period or (b) or patients older than 50 with serological evidence of post-menopausal status or (c) hysterectomized patients of any age with FSH confirmation of post-menopausal status)
- Biopsy-proven invasive breast cancer, excised with negative margins of at least 1 mm
- Status post segmental mastectomy, after sentinel node biopsy and/or axillary node dissection (DCIS and Tumors <5 mm in size do not require nodal assessment)
- At least 2 weeks from last chemotherapy
- Patient needs to be able to understand and demonstrate willingness to sign a written informed consent document
- Previous radiation therapy to the ipsilateral breast
- More than 3 involved nodes identified at axillary staging, requiring adjuvant axillary radiation
- Active connective tissue disorders, such as lupus or scleroderma
- Prior or concurrent malignancy other than basal or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in-situ of the cervix, unless disease-free > 3 years
- Pregnant or lactating women
|Official title||Prospective Trial of Two Prone Breast Radiotherapy Techniques With Randomization to Concurrent Versus Weekly Boost|
|Principal investigator||Carmen Perez, M.D., Ph.D.|
|Description||During the past ten years the Breast Cancer Radiotherapy Research team at NYU has conducted a series of consecutive studies to optimize the safe delivery of accelerated radiotherapy to partial and whole breast in the prone position, as summarized in a recent review of this experience. The current protocol focuses on whole breast radiotherapy for women with stage 0-2 breast cancer treated by segmental mastectomy: it aims at further refining the role of prone IMRT versus a 3D-conformal radiotherapy technique in this common subset of patients. This study is an open label randomized trial. Patients will be randomized within cohort defined by assigned treatment (3D CRT if IMRT not covered or IMRT) and within these primary strata by menopausal status (pre/post) and by chemotherapy prior to radiation (yes/no). The on-site treatment randomization assignments will done on site and treatment assignments will be provided to the Research Nurse after she has confirmed eligibility. Patients will be randomized within the primary strata based on presumed insurance coverage on consent to the study to allow simulation to proceed. Should the coverage change, then the patient will be re-randomized in the correct stratum and the initial randomization number will be retired with a notation that the initial stratification was revised and patient re-randomized. Patients will have completed all breast surgical procedures prior to accrual into this protocol in order to establish eligibility criteria. Final pathology margins must be at least 1 mm in all directions to be eligible. The patient may undergo re-excision if the initial margins are involved or close (< 1mm). If the patient meets the eligibility criteria after re-excision, she may be entered onto the study.|
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