Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition cardiovascular disease
Treatment high/ low epicatechin apples/ apple extract/ granules
Sponsor Queen's University, Belfast
Start date April 2012
End date October 2013
Trial size 50 participants
Trial identifier NCT01585519, 11.22v5

Summary

This study will examine if health benefits of consuming nutrient-rich apples, an apple extract and freeze dried apple product will be similar. 50 volunteers at increased risk of heart disease will consume either a low apple diet (<1 portion/d), 2 high or low polyphenol apples/day, an apple extract, or freeze dried apple granule product for 4 weeks (ten participants per group, randomly assigned). Apart from the extract group, all volunteers will consume a placebo. All volunteers will follow a low apple diet (<1 apple per day) other than what has been provided by the research team. Volunteers will complete food diaries at the start and end of the study and a number of questionnaires. Blood and urine samples collected at 0 and 4 weeks

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(No Intervention)
(Experimental)
high/ low epicatechin apples/ apple extract/ granules High Polyphenol Apples
(Group 1) Low Apple Diet (i.e. <1 portion per day) + 2 placebo capsules daily. (Group 2) 2 x High Epicatechin Apples daily + 2 placebo capsules daily. (Group 3) 2 x Low Epicatechin Apples daily + 2 placebo capsules daily. (Group 4) Low apple diet + 2 x 4.4g of apple granules daily + 2 placebo capsules daily. (Group 5) Low apple diet + 2 x Apple Extract Capsules daily.
(Experimental)
high/ low epicatechin apples/ apple extract/ granules High Polyphenol Apples
(Group 1) Low Apple Diet (i.e. <1 portion per day) + 2 placebo capsules daily. (Group 2) 2 x High Epicatechin Apples daily + 2 placebo capsules daily. (Group 3) 2 x Low Epicatechin Apples daily + 2 placebo capsules daily. (Group 4) Low apple diet + 2 x 4.4g of apple granules daily + 2 placebo capsules daily. (Group 5) Low apple diet + 2 x Apple Extract Capsules daily.
(Experimental)
high/ low epicatechin apples/ apple extract/ granules High Polyphenol Apples
(Group 1) Low Apple Diet (i.e. <1 portion per day) + 2 placebo capsules daily. (Group 2) 2 x High Epicatechin Apples daily + 2 placebo capsules daily. (Group 3) 2 x Low Epicatechin Apples daily + 2 placebo capsules daily. (Group 4) Low apple diet + 2 x 4.4g of apple granules daily + 2 placebo capsules daily. (Group 5) Low apple diet + 2 x Apple Extract Capsules daily.
(Experimental)
high/ low epicatechin apples/ apple extract/ granules High Polyphenol Apples
(Group 1) Low Apple Diet (i.e. <1 portion per day) + 2 placebo capsules daily. (Group 2) 2 x High Epicatechin Apples daily + 2 placebo capsules daily. (Group 3) 2 x Low Epicatechin Apples daily + 2 placebo capsules daily. (Group 4) Low apple diet + 2 x 4.4g of apple granules daily + 2 placebo capsules daily. (Group 5) Low apple diet + 2 x Apple Extract Capsules daily.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Between group change in oxidised-LDL
time frame: Weeks 0 and 4

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Between group change in self-reported apple or apple product intake
time frame: Weeks 0 and 4
Between group change in biochemical markers of nutritional status
time frame: Weeks 0 and 4
Between group change in biomarkers of cardiovascular disease risk
time frame: Weeks 0 and 4
Between group change in other biomarkers of cardiovascular disease risk
time frame: Weeks 0 and 4

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - > 50 years old or - Current Smoker or - Systolic Blood Pressure 120-139mmHg/ Diastolic Blood Pressure 80-89mmHg or - Total Cholesterol >5.2mmol/l or HDL cholesterol <1.03mmol/l or - BMI >25 kg/m2 Exclusion Criteria: - Diabetes mellitus - An acute coronary syndrome or transient ischaemic attack within the past 3 months - Special dietary requirements, food sensitivities or vegetarian/ vegan diet by choice - Oral anticoagulation therapy - BMI >35 kg/m2 - Excessive alcohol consumption (>28 U/week men or >21 U/week women) - Pregnancy/ lactation - Taking antioxidant supplements - Medical conditions or dietary restrictions that would substantially limit ability to complete the study requirements

Additional Information

Official title Effect of Increased Whole Apple Consumption, Apple Extract and Freeze-dried Apple Products on Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Disease Risk: a Randomised Intervention in Participants at Increased Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Principal investigator Jayne V Woodside, PhD
Description Many products (such as bioactive extracts) attempt to replicate health benefits of a diet rich in fruit and vegetables, however, it is not known whether similar health benefits can be gained from consuming these processed products. A placebo-controlled intervention study will examine if health benefits are similar between products. Volunteers will have one risk factor for heart disease. Recruitment will be by advertisement from QUB and general public. Apples/apple products will be provided for the 4 weeks, but otherwise volunteers' normal diet and lifestyle will be followed. Blood and urine samples will be collected at week 0 and week 4. 4-day food diaries will be completed at the start and end of the study. A number of questionnaires (physical activity, lifestyle, levels of liking, tolerability to study products, study evaluation) will be completed at the start and end of the study. As this is a pilot study, power calculations were not considered appropriate. Statistical analysis will be carried out in SPSS, each endpoint of interest from the week 0 measure will be compared between the five intervention groups by one way analysis of variance.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Queen's University, Belfast.