Glutamatergic and GABAergic Mediators of Antidepressant Response in Major Depression
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||mdd, citalopram, major depressive disorder|
|Start date||March 2012|
|End date||January 2016|
|Trial size||25 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01557946, 2011-P-001192|
Primarily, this study seeks to evaluate whether citalopram treatment is associated with an increase in the Glutamine (Gln)/Glutamate (Glu) ratio in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) from baseline to day 3 of treatment. Additionally, this study would like to examine whether citalopram treatment is associated with an increase in the Gln/Glu ratio in the ACC from baseline to day 7 of treatment.
|Endpoint classification||safety/efficacy study|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
Gln/Glu ratio in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC) from baseline to day 3 of treatment.
time frame: Participants will undergo MR scan on Day 3 of Treatment
Gln/Glu ratio in the rACC from baseline to day 7 of treatment
time frame: Participants will undergo MR scan on Day 7 of treatment
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 65 years old.
- Male or female age ≥ 18 and ≤ 65
- Meets DSM-IV criteria for MDD
- Current score of ≥ 18 on the 21-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D).
- Unwillingness or inability to provide written informed consent.
- Current suicidal ideation
- Active psychotic symptoms
- Lifetime history of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, or OCD
- Failed treatment with an adequate trial of ≥ 2 antidepressants during the current major depressive episode ("failure" will be defined as ≤ 50% subjective improvement, and an "adequate trial" will be defined as at least 4 weeks of treatment using at least the minimum dose of the antidepressant recommended by the manufacturer in product labeling)
- DSM-IV diagnosis of alcohol or substance dependence, with the exception of nicotine dependence, within three months prior to screening
- Any history of treatment with electroconvulsive therapy
- Positive urine toxicology screen for any drug of abuse or excluded medication at screening. Opiate pain medication being taken for a medical condition is exempt from needing a negative opiate screen.
- Clinically significant medical or neurologic disease, as judged by the principal investigator, which would increase the risk to the participant or interfere with interpretation of results
- Female participants with a positive urine pregnancy test at screening
- Pregnancy. Females of childbearing potential must be using an effective contraceptive method (e.g., abstinence, prescription oral contraceptives, contraceptive injections, double-barrier method, male partner sterilization).
- Any screening laboratory abnormality deemed clinically significant by the investigator
- A QTc interval on screening ECG of ≥ 450 msec. 15. Use of any excluded medications (see Section 6.7 below) that cannot be discontinued during the screening phase 16. Previous failure to respond to treatment with citalopram that would, in the judgment of the investigator, constitute an adequate trial in MDD 17. Treatment with any investigational medications within 30 days prior to screening 18. Any contraindications to having an MRI scan, including cardiac pacemakers, metal vascular clips or stents, artificial heart valves, certain kinds of prostheses, brain stimulator devices, implanted drug pumps, ear implants, eye implants or known metal fragments in eyes, exposure to shrapnel or metal filings (wounded in military combat, sheetmetal workers, welders, and others), transdermal drug delivery systems, and certain tattoos with metallic ink 19. Left-handedness
|Official title||Glutamatergic and GABAergic Mediators of Antidepressant Response in Major Depression|
|Principal investigator||Brian P. Brennan, M.D.|
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