Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition hiv prevention
Treatments testing and counseling, brief motivational interview (bmi), integrated family and cognitive behavioral therapy
Sponsor The City College of New York
Collaborator National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Start date July 2010
End date January 2017
Trial size 720 participants
Trial identifier NCT01554423, R01DA029894

Summary

This study is a Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) of Integrated and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for HIV Prevention in Pretoria, South Africa. The RCT will evaluate the efficacy of a brief motivational interview (BMI) and a cognitive-behavioral couples' (IFCBT) intervention alone and in combination against a comparison condition to reduce new cases of HIV and sexually transmitted infections and increase condom use and decrease sexual risk behavior, drug use, and intimate partner violence among young female drug users in Pretoria, South Africa and their primary intimate partners. In the RCT, 384 couples comprised of young female drug users who do (N = 192) and do not (N = 192) trade sex and their primary intimate heterosexual partners will be randomly assigned to one-of-four conditions: (1) testing and counseling; (2) brief motivational interview (BMI); (3) cognitive-behavioral couples' intervention (IFCBT); or (4) BMI and IFCBT combined. Eligibility criteria for couples include an HIV-negative drug using female aged 18 to 40 and their primary intimate partner or spouse who is also HIV negative. Each partner of each couple will be administered assessments with a rapid test for HIV and urine tests for Chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and drug use at baseline and 3-month, 6-month, and 12-month follow-up.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose prevention
Arm
(Active Comparator)
One of the four RCT arms will be comprised of couples randomly assigned to testing and counseling on HIV and associated STI co-infections based on revised procedures developed by the CDC. Couples will receive information on the transmission and prevention of HIV and STIs, the meaning of test results, and health consequences. Randomized trial studies of behavioral interventions have incorporated testing and counseling as a comparison condition and studies in the US and SSA countries have shown that testing and counseling on its own can help to reduce HIV/STI risk behaviors.
testing and counseling
Couples will receive information on the transmission and prevention of HIV and STIs, the meaning of test results, and health consequences.
(Experimental)
The brief motivational interview (BMI) to be tested in the RCT in Pretoria is a one-session, 45 minute intervention that will coordinate three, 15-minute modules with one module each to (1) reduce hazardous drinking; (2) reduce illicit drug use; and (3) promote condom use. Each module is delivered by the clinician using a two-sided laminated card that includes scripted questions and visual aids. Consistent with brief intervention models, the BMI intervention is delivered during one 45 minute session with advice giving as a primary characteristic. Motivational interviewing is also incorporated within the BMI intervention by using a client-centered method of communication to foster behavior change through five techniques of expressing empathy, developing discrepancy, avoiding argumentation, supporting self-efficacy, and motivational rules.
brief motivational interview (bmi)
The brief motivational interview (BMI) to be tested in the RCT in Pretoria is a one-session, 45 minute intervention that will coordinate three, 15-minute modules with one module each to (1) reduce hazardous drinking; (2) reduce illicit drug use; and (3) promote condom use.
(Experimental)
The IFCBT model is 6 sessions in length and coordinates the delivery of 4 cognitive-behavioral group couples' sessions with 2 individual couples' sessions to prevent HIV and STI co-infections among adult drug users. IFCBT targets HIV risk and protective factors that operate across multiple ecological systems. The four group couples' sessions coordinate Rational Emotive Therapy and Problem Solving Therapy strategies to reduce HIV risk behavior and promote protective behaviors. The two individual couples' sessions utilize structural and strategic approaches to promote adaptive communication and shared responsibility for condom use and gender equality and to directly address and reduce any form of abuse between partners when present. The six IFCBT sessions are delivered during a 2-week period with two group couples' sessions and one individual couples' session each week.
integrated family and cognitive behavioral therapy
The IFCBT model is 6 sessions in length and coordinates the delivery of 4 cognitive-behavioral group couples' sessions with 2 individual couples' sessions to prevent HIV and STI co-infections among adult drug users. IFCBT targets HIV risk and protective factors that operate across multiple ecological systems. The four group couples' sessions coordinate Rational Emotive Therapy and Problem Solving Therapy strategies to reduce HIV risk behavior and promote protective behaviors. The two individual couples' sessions utilize structural and strategic approaches to promote adaptive communication and shared responsibility for condom use and gender equality and to directly address and reduce any form of abuse between partners when present.
(Experimental)
Participants assigned to this experimental arm will receive Brief Motivational Interviewing combined with Integrated Family and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
brief motivational interview (bmi)
The brief motivational interview (BMI) to be tested in the RCT in Pretoria is a one-session, 45 minute intervention that will coordinate three, 15-minute modules with one module each to (1) reduce hazardous drinking; (2) reduce illicit drug use; and (3) promote condom use.
integrated family and cognitive behavioral therapy
The IFCBT model is 6 sessions in length and coordinates the delivery of 4 cognitive-behavioral group couples' sessions with 2 individual couples' sessions to prevent HIV and STI co-infections among adult drug users. IFCBT targets HIV risk and protective factors that operate across multiple ecological systems. The four group couples' sessions coordinate Rational Emotive Therapy and Problem Solving Therapy strategies to reduce HIV risk behavior and promote protective behaviors. The two individual couples' sessions utilize structural and strategic approaches to promote adaptive communication and shared responsibility for condom use and gender equality and to directly address and reduce any form of abuse between partners when present.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Biologically confirmed infectious disease status
time frame: Outcome measure will be assessed up to 18 months after enrollment.
Condom use and sexual risk behavior
time frame: Outcome measure will be assessed up to 18 months after enrollment.
Drug taking risk behavior
time frame: Outcome measure will be assessed up to 18 months after enrollment.
Intimate partner violence
time frame: Outcome measure will be assessed up to 18 months after enrollment.

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 40 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Live in the Pretoria, South Africa region - 18-40 Years of Age - In a steady, intimate relationship for 6 months or longer - Used illicit drugs in the past 6 months Exclusion Criteria: - Acute suicidality/homicidality

Additional Information

Official title Four-Arm RCT of Brief MI vs. Couples-Based HIV/STI Prevention in South Africa
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by The City College of New York.