Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition latent tuberculosis infection
Treatment cell phone text messages
Phase phase 0
Sponsor University of British Columbia
Collaborator British Columbia Cancer Agency
Start date April 2012
End date October 2016
Trial size 350 participants
Trial identifier NCT01549457, H11-02216

Summary

This study will examine the impact of use of mobile phones and text messaging on adherence to treatment for patients with latent TB infection. Half (50%) of the 350 anticipated study participants will receive weekly text messages inquiring on their health status in relation to their prescribed treatment, while the other half (50%) will not receive weekly text messages at all. Medical adherence will be assessed by monthly blood-work, clinic visits and by interviewing patients at each of these visits.

The investigators hypothesis is that enhanced communication with a health care provider, via a structured cell phone SMS text messaging based program (WelTel), will result in a 15% improvement in the proportion of patients who successfully complete their LTBI treatment regimens.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose health services research
Arm
(No Intervention)
Participants will only receive standard of care
(Experimental)
Upon consent, participants will be randomly assigned to receive either 1) standard of care (9 months of INH or 4 months of RIF) and weekly SMS text messages via mobile phone or 2) standard of care (9 months of INH or months of RIF) without weekly SMS text messages via mobile phone.
cell phone text messages
Participants in the intervention arm will receive weekly text messages from the TB control clinic asking how they are.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Successful completion of LTBI treatment regimens.
time frame: 4 or 9 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 19 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Are initiating treatment for latent TB infection; 2. Are over the age of 18 years old; 3. Own a mobile phone or share access mobile phone access with a household member who consents to participate; AND 4. Demonstrate sufficient ability to communicate via text messaging in English or have a family member or friend that is able to provide translation and assistance with text messaging for the duration of the study Exclusion Criteria: 1. Individuals under the age of 18; 2. Unable to adequately send and receive text messages for any reason OR 3. Enrolled in another clinical trial that may assess or influence treatment adherence.

Additional Information

Official title The Effect of Weekly Text-message Communication on Treatment Completion Among Patients With Latent Tuberculosis Infection: a Randomised Controlled Trial (WelTel LTBI)
Principal investigator Dr. Richard Lester, MD
Description 1. Purpose The purpose of this study is to compare the proportion of patients who are adherent to their TB medications among those receiving weekly text messages plus standard of care and those who receive standard of care only. 2. Justification: Previous research has shown that weekly text messages from a health care provider increases medication adherence for HIV patients. The investigators would like to determine if a similar effect in terms of adherence can be seen in patients receiving medication for latent tuberculosis infection 3. Objectives Primary Objective: 1) To compare successful treatment completion rates for patients treated with 9 months of INH or 4 months of RIF between those receiving weekly SMS text messages via mobile phone plus standard of care to those receiving standard care. The standard of care at the TB clinics for all LTBI patients includes provision of a 30 day supply of medications - isoniazid 300mg daily for 9 months months or rifampin 600mg daily for 4 months - at a time, monthly blood-work and monthly clinic visits. Successful treatment completion is defined as taking at least 80% of the doses of INH prescribed within 12 months or at least 80% of the doses of RIF prescribed within 6 months. Secondary Objectives: 1. To compare the proportion of prescribed doses taken on schedule (daily adherence) prior to medication discontinuation or interruption on medical advice between those receiving weekly SMS text messages via mobile phone to those receiving standard care; 2. To measure patient satisfaction with the SMS intervention using a provider administered questionnaire including a series of Likert questions. 4) Research Method This study is a prospective open-label multicentre randomized controlled trial of a clinical intervention. It is estimated that 350 study participants will be required to have 80% power to detect a 15% difference in adherence at a .05 level of significance. In addition to recruiting English-speaking participants, the investigators will also be recruiting participants that have Chinese and Punjabi as their first language. Upon consent, participants will be randomly assigned to receive either 1) standard of care (9 months of INH or 4 months of RIF) and weekly SMS text messages via mobile phone or 2) standard of care (9 months of INH or 4 months of RIF) without weekly SMS text messages via mobile phone. The clinicians, pharmacists and researchers involved in evaluating compliance will not be blinded to the allocation of the intervention and control groups, as they will be required to review patients charts periodically, respond to patients text messages when they are experiencing difficulty in taking medications or side effects, as well as to ensure the successful operation of the SMS technology platform.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of British Columbia.