Xenon and Cooling Therapy in Babies at High Risk of Brain Injury Following Poor Condition at Birth
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Condition||hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy|
|Treatments||xenon gas, whole body cooling|
|Phase||phase 1/phase 2|
|Sponsor||United Bristol Healthcare NHS Trust|
|Collaborator||University of Bristol|
|Start date||May 2012|
|End date||October 2013|
|Trial size||32 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01545271, 12/SW/0010, 2011-005397-34, CH/2011/3799|
This study examines the effect of inhaled xenon gas in the treatment of newborn infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in combination with cooling, which is the standard treatment for this condition. The hypothesis is that the xenon + cooling combination will produce better neuroprotection than the standard treatment of cooling alone.
|Endpoint classification||safety/efficacy study|
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
Amplitude Integrated Electroencephalogram (aEEG) grading
time frame: less than 2 weeks of age
Male or female participants of any age.
Infants will be eligible for for the trial if the St Michael's hospital standard inclusion criteria for cooling and additional inclusion criteria for xenon administration are met. St Michael's hospital standard inclusion criteria for standard hypothermia treatment of 72 hrs: A: Neonates born at greater than 36 weeks gestation (estimated or clinical assessment) with at least ONE of the following: 1. Apgar score of ≤5 at ten minutes after birth 2. Continued need for resuscitation, including tracheal or mask ventilation, at ten minutes after birth 3. Acidosis, defined as either umbilical cord pH or any arterial, venous or capillary pH within 60 minutes of birth less < 7.00 4. Base deficit ≥16 mmol/L in umbilical cord blood sample or any blood sample within 60 minutes of birth (arterial or venous blood). If the infant meets criterion A then assess for neurological abnormality using criterion B and C (by trained personnel): B: Moderate or Severe encephalopathy as evidenced by any of the following: 1. Altered state of consciousness (reduced or absent responses or pathological irritability and hyper responsive and at least ONE or more of the following: 2. Hypotonia 3. Abnormal reflexes including oculomotor or pupillary abnormalities 4. Absent or weak suck 5. Clinical seizures, as recorded by trained personnel And C: At least 30 minutes duration of amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) recording that shows abnormal background aEEG activity. The decision to cool is based on the worst 30 min section of the aEEG, not the best  or seizures (clinical or electrical) thus meeting ONE of the following: 1. Normal background with some (> 5 min) electrical seizure activity 2. Moderately abnormal activity (upper margin of trace >10μV and lower margin <5μV) 3. Suppressed activity (upper margin of trace <10μV and lower margin of trace <5μV) 4. Definite seizure activity Additional inclusion criteria for xenon: Before being considered for additional inhaled xenon therapy via the breathing gas mixture, the infant would need to meet further additional entry criteria (all must be met): 1. Intubated, ventilated, sedated, being cooled 2. ≤ 5 hours old 3. Any seizures under control 4. Weight > 2nd centile for gestational age 5. Stable cardiovascular parameters; Mean arterial pressure >40mmHg. 6. Oxygen requirement via mechanical ventilator ≤ 40%. 7. Positive End Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) requirement ≤ 6cm H2O 8. Arterial pCO2 within acceptable range (<7kPa) 9. Absence of major congenital abnormalities, imperforate anus and in particular any bowel obstruction, congenital abnormalities suggestive of chromosomal anomaly or other syndromes that include brain dysgenesis. Congenital syndromes affecting the brain should be excluded when diagnosed. Exclusion criteria for cooling in the CoolXenon2 study 1. Infants expected to be greater than 3 hours of age at the time of starting cooling treatment. 2. Futility. Where prognosis is considered to be hopeless e.g. no cardiac output for 20 minutes.
|Official title||Xenon and Cooling Therapy in Babies at High Risk of Brain Injury Following Poor Condition at Birth: A Randomised Pilot Study|
|Principal investigator||Marianne Thoresen, Professor|
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