This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions silver russell syndrome, prader-willi syndrome
Treatments anastrozole, placebo
Sponsor Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Start date April 2012
End date July 2016
Trial size 27 participants
Trial identifier NCT01520467, AOM 10093, P 100129


There is currently no drug with pediatric marketing authorization capable of limiting the advance in bone maturation of children with aggressive adrenarche. Estrogens are the principal actors involved in bone maturation and premature epiphyseal fusion. Aromatase inhibitors, used for the treatment of hormone-dependent cancers, block the transformation of androgens into estrogens. Third generation inhibitors, of which Anastrozole is one, appear to be well tolerated in children and are sometimes used within the framework of clinical trials to limit bone maturation and improve prognosis with respect to final size, notably in children treated with growth hormone (GH) due to a GH deficit. Nevertheless, the data reported are based on small sample sizes and do not include children with pathological adrenarche.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator, outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
stratification according to the rare disease. Oral administration of Anastrozole (1mg/day) for 18 months
Anastrozole (1mg/day), administered orally for 18 months
(Placebo Comparator)
stratification according to the rare disease. Oral administration of 1 placebo tablet /day for 18 months
1 placebo tablet /day administered orally for 18 months.

Primary Outcomes

The rate of success in each of the two groups, evaluated using an X-ray of the left hand and wrist. Success is defined as a difference in the rate of progression of bone maturation of at least 9 months after 18 months of treatment.
time frame: 18 months

Secondary Outcomes

metabolic impact (monitoring of body composition by bi photonic absorptiometry, lipid, glucose, HbA1c, insulin and HOMA-IR profiles, leptin).
time frame: baseline, 6, 12 and 18 months
impact on bone (X-ray of the dorsolumbar spine, bi photonic absorptiometry, blood-borne markers of bone remodeling).
time frame: 18 months, and earlier in case of bone pain
impact on the gonadotropic axis
time frame: baseline, 6, 12 and 18 months
impact on the somatotropic axis (growth rate, IGF-1, IGFBP3).
time frame: baseline, 6, 12 and 18 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 5 years up to 12 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients with genetically proven SRS or PWS, under treatment with GH in the usual context of the disease, presenting with adrenarche (defined either by DHEAS levels as a function of age or by the appearance of pubic hair) associated with a bone age at least 6 months greater than chronological age and in the absence of the onset of central puberty (LH peak ≤ LH peak in prepubertal patients, according to the standards of the laboratory performing the GnRH stimulation test for LH and FSH, and dating back to less than 3 months). - Patients with medical coverage. - The lower age limit for inclusion is 5 years and the upper age limit is 10 complete years for girls and 12 complete years for boys. - The maximum body-mass index (BMI) Z-score for inclusion is +4 - Patients should be capable of swallowing pills of the same size as the experimental drug. Exclusion Criteria: - Renal insufficiency (creatinine clearance, calculated according to the Schwartz formula, lower than 70ml/min/l, 73 m²), - Hepatic insufficiency (prothrombin ratio < 50% and factor V < 50%), - Hepatic cytolysis (liver transaminases levels greater than twice the normal level for age), cholestasis (gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels greater than twice the normal level for age), - Contraindication to one of the components of Anastrozole or the placebo. - Patients with scoliosis requiring surgery.

Additional Information

Official title Efficacy and Tolerance of Treatment With an Aromatase Inhibitor (Anastrozole) to Limit the Progression of Bone Maturation Related to Pathological Adrenarche in Children With Silver-Russell or Prader-Willi Syndrome
Principal investigator Irène Netchine, MD, PhD
Description Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS), which occurs secondary to an imprinting disorder due to the anomalous methylation of chromosome 11 or due to a uniparental disomy of chromosome 7, is a rare syndrome (ORPHA813, OMIM 180860) characterized by growth retardation with an intrauterine onset, a normal head circumference, small postnatal size and major feeding difficulties. Starting at a very young age, the rapid aging of bone can occur even in the absence of central puberty, in association with the production of androgens by the adrenal glands (adrenarche). This advanced bone maturation can compromise final size, even when the child receives growth hormone (GH) treatment for several years. Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is also a rare disease (ORPHA739, OMIM 176270), occurring secondary to an imprinting disorder due to an anomaly in chromosome 15 (paternal deletion or maternal disomy). These children also present feeding difficulties during the first few years of life, as well as small size. They are frequently treated with GH, and their bone age can increase during the course of adrenarche, as in certain patients with SRS.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris.