A Phase I Study of Systemic Gene Therapy With SGT-94 in Patients With Solid Tumors
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Sponsor||SynerGene Therapeutics, Inc.|
|Start date||January 2012|
|End date||December 2016|
|Trial size||24 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01517464, SGT94-01|
This is a Phase I study designed to evaluate the safety and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of SGT-94, a novel, tumor-targeted, systemic gene therapy agent for cancer. In addition, we will look for evidence of RB94 expression within tumor tissue after systemic administration of SGT-94.
|Endpoint classification||safety/efficacy study|
|Intervention model||single group assignment|
Severity of Adverse Events
time frame: 4 weeks each patient
time frame: Week 4
Changes in Tumor Markers
time frame: Week 4
Expression of RB94 in Tumor Biopsies
time frame: Week 2
Male or female participants at least 18 years old.
- Histologic proof of cancer for which no standard therapy is available, and which shows no staining for RB by IHC.
- Spirometry with at least 70% of predicted volumes (including FEV1). A left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 45% or more. All patients will have a screening 2-D Echocardiogram as part of eligibility screening.
- Patients must have adequate physiologic reserve as evidenced by:
- Zubrod Performance Status (PS) of </= 2; or 3 if of recent onset (i.e. < 2 weeks) and if the compromised performance status is related to uncontrolled pain which is expected to come under control by means of improved pain management.
- Laboratory values meeting the following criteria:
- Absolute neutrophil count >/= 1,200/mm3
- Platelet count >100,000/mm3.
- AST and ALT </= 3x the upper limit of normal
- Conjugated bilirubin </= 1.5 mg/dL (or total bilirubin </= 2.5 mg/dL)
- Native kidney function producing creatinine clearance (either measured or estimated by Cockcroft formula) of at least 40 mL/min. Cockcroft formula: CLcr = [(140-age) • wt(kg)]/[72 •Creat (mg/dL)] (For females, multiply by 0.85)
- Hemoglobin >/= 10.0 g/dL without transfusion support
- White blood cell count > 3.0 k/mm3
- PT and aPTT each < 1.5 times the upper limit of normal.
- Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test.
- Male and female patients reproductive potential must agree to use measures to avoid pregnancy throughout the study and for 3 months following discontinuing study drug.
- Patients must have recovered from any previous therapy side effects or toxicities prior to initiating protocol study infusions.
- Life expectancy > 12 weeks.
- Organ function </= grade 1.
- Age of </= 18 years.
- Some prior cancer therapies are not consistent with eligibility; specifically:
- At least 30 days must have elapsed since any prior experimental therapy
- At least 6 weeks must have elapsed since prior systemic mitomycin C
- At least 8 weeks must have elapsed since any dose of Strontium-89
- At least 4 weeks must have elapsed since prior Sm-153 lexidronam (Quadramet™)
- At least 4 weeks must have elapsed since prior radiotherapy
- Any prior exposure to gene vector delivery products
- Pregnancy or lactation
- Serious concurrent medical illness that in the opinion of the investigator would compromise patient safety or preclude accurate assessment of outcome.
- Patients with the following manifestations of cardiovascular disease are excluded:
- Myocardial infarction (MI) within the previous six months, or patients with left ventricular ejection fraction of less than 45% secondary to a more remote MI.
- Any history of CVA or TIA in previous six months
- New York Heart Association grade 2 or greater congestive failure
- Unstable angina defined as angina (or anginal equivalent) 2 or more times per week despite medical therapy.
- Echocardiographic evidence of pulmonary hypertension.
- Diastolic dysfunction felt to contribute to any clinical sign or symptom.
- Uncontrolled hypertension, defined as systolic BP >140 or diastolic >90 despite therapy.
- Serious concurrent psychiatric disorder that in the opinion of the investigator would compromise patient safety or preclude accurate assessment of outcome.
- Supraphysiologic doses of glucocorticoids (defined as > 30 mg of hydrocortisone per day or > 7.5 mg of Prednisone per day, or equivalent doses of other agents) or exposure to other immunosuppressive medications in the previous 30 days.
- Requirement for anticoagulant therapy other than low intensity treatment to maintain patency of central venous catheters.
- Treatment with antibiotics for proven infection within 1 week prior to study entry or signs and symptoms consistent with an active infection or fever > 38.1 C.
|Official title||A Phase I Study of Systemic Gene Therapy With SGT-94 in Patients With Solid Tumors|
|Principal investigator||Arlene Siefker-Radtke, M.D.|
|Description||RB94, a tumor suppressor gene, is a modified form of the retinoblastoma gene, RB110. RB94 has shown enhanced tumor suppressor and tumor cell killing activity compared to RB110 in all tumor cell types studied to date, including bladder cancer cell lines. Moreover, RB94 has shown no toxicity to any normal human cells tested. SGT-94,the agent being tested, is a systemically administered complex composed of the RB94 gene (plasmid DNA)encapsulated in a liposome that is targeted to tumor cells by means of an anti-transferrin receptor single chain antibody fragment (TfRscFv)attached to the outside of the liposome. Pre-clinical in vivo efficacy studies have indicated that SGT-94, when systemically administered, preferentially targets tumor cells and efficiently transfects them. This results in cancer cell death via mechanisms that are unique for RB94 and also increases the tumor's response to conventional radiation and chemotherapy. This Phase I study is designed to evaluate the safety of SGT-94 and to establish a practically attainable and/or tolerable dose of this anti-cancer agent for use in further clinical trials. Additionally, evidence of RB94 expression within tumor tissue after systemic administration of SGT-94 will be sought, and clinically observable anti-cancer effects in patients will be documented. Enrollment will be targeted to individuals with "RB negative" tumors, i.e. tumors in which there is no staining for RB protein by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Preference will be given to patients with tumors in a location amenable to biopsy following treatment with SGT-94. This would include the prostate, bladder, superficial lymph nodes and any mass suitable for fine needle aspiration under CT or ultrasound guidance, or any lesion reachable by endoscopy.|
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