Intensive Smoking-cessation Intervention Versus Smoking-cessation Advice in Smear-positive Patients With Pulmonary Tuberculosis
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Treatment||nicotine replacement therapy|
|Sponsor||All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi|
|Collaborator||University of Cape Town|
|Start date||November 2010|
|End date||February 2016|
|Trial size||800 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01517022, SKS/Med/NI1161|
The aim of the study is to determine the impact of a package of smoking-cessation interventions on a composite measure of Tuberculosis (TB) treatment-related outcomes.
Given the lack of objective clinical data/evidence about the impact of smoking-cessation on TB-related outcomes, yet subjective expert opinion that smoking cessation is highly likely to be beneficial particularly in patients with TB, this study proposes to determine the impact of an intensive package of smoking-cessation interventions aimed to promote smoking-cessation (counseling plus nicotine replacement therapy, NRT), on patient response to anti-tuberculosis therapy. This is to be compared with the structured counselling for smoking-cessation that is recommended to be routinely provided by health care workers to all patients who are smokers. If the results prove that such a smoking-cessation PI indeed improves outcomes in TB patients, such information would strongly motivate for the institution of more intensive smoking-cessation interventions in TB clinics than is currently being employed for TB patients
1. Change in TB Score at second month and sixth month
time frame: Measured at baseline, second month and sixth month.
Sputum culture conversion
time frame: Measured at baseline and second month
Sputum smear conversion
time frame: Measured at baseline, second week, fourth week, second month and sixth months
Mortality at sixth month
time frame: Sixth month
More than 10% weight gain at six months
time frame: Sixth month
Proportion of subjects in each group that have quit smoking at second month
time frame: Sixth month
time frame: Six months for new cases and eight months for re-treatment cases following regimen 2
Cure, failure and default rate
time frame: At sixth month
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 65 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - any adult (> 18 years) - Recently diagnosed (primary TB/Relapse TB) smear-positive TB patient who self-reports to smoke at least 10 whole cigarettes or bidis (rolled tobacco leaf) per day, every day Exclusion Criteria: - patients will be excluded from recruitment to the study if they fall into any one or more of these exclusion categories: - Inability to give consent or < 18 years - Patients who self-report to smoke less than 10 whole cigarettes/bidis per day - TB patients who have already started anti-tuberculosis therapy for more than 1 week. - Patients with known multidrug-resistant TB (or XDR) (information provided by patient or the information is available in the clinic folder). - Known HIV-positive patients - Contra-indications to NRT (patients with a history of severe cardiovascular disease including arrhythmias, recent myocardial infarction (within the last 6 months), recent cerebrovascular incident (6 months), and/ or history of peripheral vascular disease, phaeochromocytoma, poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism, renal/hepatic impairment or gastritis/peptic ulcers). Patients with asthma or depression will also be excluded, as quitting may have an effect on medications used for these conditions. Patients with severe skin disorders (such as psoriasis or eczema) will also be excluded.
|Official title||Impact of a Package of Intensive Smoking-cessation Interventions Versus Smoking-cessation Advice on Outcomes in Smear-positive Patients With Pulmonary Tuberculosis; a Randomised Controlled Trial (STB_RCT).|
|Principal investigator||Surendra K Sharma, MD, Ph.D.|
|Description||No clinical trials have been done to determine if the cessation of smoking has any influence on outcome in tuberculosis patients. In particular, if smoking cessation leads to a higher rate of sputum culture-conversion at 2 months, TB transmission rates should be reduced. Such targeted smoking-cessation intervention may be more successful than general public education strategies in reducing the spread of TB in high-incidence countries Tuberculosis (TB) . The WHO has estimated that approximately a third of the world's population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and approximately 2 million die from TB every year. Tobacco smoking, which is the single most preventable cause of death in the world today, appears to be an important risk factor for TB disease and mortality, especially in countries such as India. The smoking-TB association has major public health implications because in many of the developing countries where there is a high prevalence of TB, smoking is also a common practice. Smoking is widespread, with approximately a third of the global population aged 15 years or above being smokers, but has reached epidemic proportions in countries such as India, China and Russia. For example, in India more than half of the rural male population is estimated to smoke and India accounts for 1.85 million TB cases each year. Therefore in India, as for other developing countries, the co-existence of a high TB and smoking burden is a major health concern, and further underscores the importance of promoting smoking cessation to the general public. In India, studies have shown a strong association between tobacco and TB mortality. An estimated third of male TB deaths in India may be due to smoking. However, there is concern that many of the published studies did not adequately control for bias and confounding (that may have caused spurious associations).|
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