This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition breast cancer
Treatments memory training, speed of processing training, waitlist control
Phase phase 2/phase 3
Sponsor Indiana University
Start date September 2008
End date September 2012
Trial size 91 participants
Trial identifier NCT01497015, 64194


This is a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the ACTIVE memory training intervention and ACTIVE speed of processing training to waitlist, no-contact control conditions. Specific aims and hypotheses are:

Aim 1: Evaluate the acceptability and usefulness of the ACTIVE memory intervention among Breast Cancer Survivors (BCS).

Hypothesis 1: BCS assigned to the memory intervention arm will perceive the intervention as more acceptable and useful than BCS assigned to the attention control condition.

Aim 2: Establish preliminary efficacy of the ACTIVE memory training intervention relative to the attention control and no-contact control conditions.

Hypothesis 2: Memory training will result in greater memory enhancement immediately post and 2-months post-intervention relative to attention control or no-contact control conditions.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking single blind (investigator)
Primary purpose supportive care
memory training
memory training
10 1-hour sessions over 6-8 weeks
Speed of processing training
speed of processing training
10 1-hour sessions delivered over 6-8 weeks
Breast cancer survivors will be randomized to 1 of 3 groups: memory training, speed of process training or waitlist control
waitlist control
Breast cancer survivors will receive the speed of processing training compact disc in the mail after study completion.

Primary Outcomes

Memory Performance
time frame: Baseline, immediately post, and 2-month post intervention

Secondary Outcomes

Subjective Cognitive Function
time frame: baseline, immediately and 2-month follow-up

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants at least 40 years old.

Inclusion Criteria

  • female gender (breast cancer is rare in men);
  • self-reported memory impairment and desire for treatment (to focus on BCS in greatest need);
  • first diagnosis of non-metastatic breast cancer (to control for multiple treatments or brain metastases in women with recurrent or metastatic disease);
  • ≥ 1 year post-treatment including surgery, radiation, and/or chemotherapy (reduce confounding factors related to acute effects of treatment);32
  • age ≥ 40 years (our prior studies indicate approximately 75% of BCS meet this criterion and reduce sample variability);
  • post-menopausal (majority are post-menopausal at diagnosis and reduce sample variability); and
  • able to read, write, understand, and speak English (to ensure informed consent).

Exclusion Criteria

  • substantial cognitive decline (score < 24 on the Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE);33
  • history of stroke, encephalitis, traumatic brain injury, brain surgery, dementia, Alzheimer disease, or Parkinson disease;
  • cranial radiation therapy or intrathecal therapy;
  • current active major depression or substance abuse or history of bipolar disorder, psychosis, schizophrenia, or learning disability;
  • history of or current other cancer except for basal cell skin cancer; or
  • receiving other cognitive training (to avoid exposure to other training).

Additional Information

Official title Memory Training Intervention for Breast Cancer Survivors
Principal investigator Diane Von Ah, PhD, RN, CNA
Description Memory deficits are a prevalent, bothersome, and potentially debilitating symptom for millions of breast cancer survivors (BCS). Evidence-based treatment is difficult because there has been little intervention research in this area. Memory training may be a viable treatment option for BCS in need. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the acceptability, usefulness, and preliminary efficacy of the memory training intervention from the Advanced Cognitive Training in Vital Elderly (ACTIVE) trial, the largest controlled trial of cognitive interventions in the behavioral sciences. The memory training intervention will be compared to attention control and no-contact control groups. Specific aims are to (1) evaluate the acceptability and usefulness of the memory intervention in BCS and (2) establish preliminary efficacy of the ACTIVE memory training intervention relative to attention control and no-contact control conditions. Acceptability and usefulness will be assessed through self-report. Memory will be assessed through objective neuropsychological tests. A total of 108 eligible BCS will be randomized to memory training, attention control, or no-contact control. A blinded and trained tester will perform data collection and neuropsychological testing at three time points: baseline prior to the intervention, immediately post-intervention, and 2 months post-intervention. Findings will provide information about the acceptability, usefulness, and preliminary efficacy of the ACTIVE memory training intervention on memory performance in BCS. Positive results will lead to a larger, full-scale study to determine efficacy of memory training interventions for BCS. Nursing interventional research in this area is vital to the development of evidence-based interventions to address memory deficits in BCS.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2012.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Indiana University.