This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions severe sepsis, septic shock
Sponsor Sirius Genomics Inc.
Start date October 2011
End date April 2012
Trial size 3000 participants
Trial identifier NCT01486524, SGX301


The overall purpose of the study is to determine whether either of the Improved Response Polymorphisms (IRPs) individually predicts a differential DrotAA treatment effect in patients with severe sepsis and high risk of death. This will be an international, multicenter, "prospective-retrospective", nonrandomized, controlled, outcome-blinded, genotype-blinded, matched-patients study. No prospective enrollment or treatment of patients will occur under this protocol. Retrospectively collected clinical data and DNA samples will be analyzed for existing cohorts of patients with severe sepsis who were previously treated with DrotAA (treatment group) or not (control group) as part of their standard care in an ICU.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Time perspective retrospective
Patients with severe sepsis at high risk of death (INDICATED patients) who received treatment with drotrecogin alfa (activated (DrotAA) as part of standard care in ICU. The standard dosing regimen for DrotAA is 96 hours of continuous infusion at a dose of 24 ug/kg/hour. DrotAA is also known as recombinant human activated protein C.
Patients with severe sepsis at high risk of death (INDICATED patients) who did not receive DrotAA treatment as part of their standard care in an ICU. The Control group patients will be selected to match the DrotAA-treated patients based on numerous clinical covariates, including propensity score (for DrotAA treatment).

Primary Outcomes

In-hospital mortality through Day 28
time frame: Through Day 28.

Secondary Outcomes

Time to death in hospital
time frame: Through Day 28
Time to death
time frame: Through Day 60
Mechanical ventilator-free days through Day 28
time frame: Through Day 28
ICU-free days through Day 28
time frame: Through Day 28
Hospital-free days through Day 28
time frame: Through Day 28
ICU length of stay
time frame: Through Day 180
Hospital length of stay
time frame: Through Day 180

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria for INDICATED population: 1. Age ≥ 18 years 2. Severe sepsis (must meet a, b, and c below) - Suspected or proven infection - Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS)(must meet 2 of 4 criteria) - Temperature < 36°C or > 38°C - Heart rate > 90 beats/minute - Respiratory rate > 20 breaths/minute or PaC02 < 32 mm Hg) or on mechanical ventilation - White blood cell count < 4,000/mm3 or > 12,000/mm3 - At least one organ dysfunction due to sepsis based on definitions of clinically significant organ dysfunction - Cardiovascular dysfunction [must meet one of (1), (2), or (3) below]: - Systolic blood pressure ≤ 90 mmHg and pH ≤ 7.3 - Mean arterial pressure ≤ 70 mmHg and pH ≤ 7.3 - Reported use of a vasopressor alone is sufficient evidence of shock - Pulmonary dysfunction: PaO2/FiO2 ≤ 300 mmHg - Central Nervous System dysfunction: Glasgow Coma Scale ≤ 12 - Coagulation dysfunction: platelets ≤ 80,000/mm3 - Renal dysfunction: creatinine ≥ 2.0 mg/dL - Hepatic dysfunction: bilirubin ≥ 2.0 mg/dL 3. High risk of death (one of a, b, or c below) - APACHE II ≥ 25 - SAPS II ≥ 54 - Multiple organ dysfunction - two or more clinically significant organ dysfunctions (as defined above), which have occurred within 2 days of each other 4. Platelet counts ≥ 30,000/mm3 5. DrotAA status known Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patients with no DNA 2. Patients enrolled in local cohort more than 2 years before Xigris [drotrecogin alfa activated)] was commercially available A secondary analysis population with severe sepsis will be defined by Inclusion Criteria 1, 2, 4, and 5 above, and the Exclusion Criteria. This will be referred to as the SEVSEP population.

Additional Information

Official title A Multicenter Pharmacogenomic Biomarker Study in Matched Patients With Severe Sepsis Treated With or Without Recombinant Human Activated Protein C [Xigris®, Drotrecogin Alfa (Activated)]
Principal investigator Djillali Annane, MD, PhD
Description This will be a multicenter, "prospective-retrospective", controlled, matched-patients study. Retrospective phenotypic data and DNA samples will be obtained from patient registries and clinical trials where the study hypotheses were not related to DrotAA treatment. The prospective aspect of this study will be the statistical testing of prespecified hypotheses regarding the IRP genotype as a predictive biomarker for differential DrotAA treatment effects. To control for differences in standard of care in different countries and medical centers, the selection of matched control patients will be performed within each cohort. Control patients will be selected to match the DrotAA-treated patients using an algorithm that matches on baseline demographic and disease characteristics that may have influenced the decision to give DrotAA or that may impact survival. A propensity score (the likelihood for having received DrotAA treatment) will be derived using the matching variables that are common in all cohorts. The number of matched control patients for each treated patient will be variable, up to a maximum of 3. The selection of the control patients via the matching algorithm will be conducted by an independent clinical research organization (CRO) in a blinded manner - specifically without knowledge of survival outcome, other outcome data, and genotype. A two-phase transfer of data from each center will be implemented to ensure that the selection of matched control patients is implemented in a blinded manner. The first step will involve the transfer of the baseline data for all variables needed to conduct the matching. Once the control patients have been identified for each cohort, the outcomes data will be transferred to the CRO in the second phase of data transfer. Centralized genotyping using a validated Taqman®-based analytical method will be conducted on the DNA samples for all matched patients. The genotyping laboratory will be blinded to treatment and outcome. The total number of patients in the available cohorts is >23,000, with approximately 800 who have received DrotAA as part of their standard ICU-based care. After applying eligibility criteria to all patients and selecting the matched control patients, it is expected that the final analysis will include approximately 3000 patients.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in December 2011.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Sirius Genomics Inc..