Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition hematologic malignancies
Treatment stemex
Phase phase 2
Sponsor Loyola University
Collaborator Gamida Cell ltd
Start date January 2010
End date January 2015
Trial size 18 participants
Trial identifier NCT01484470, 202041

Summary

While cord blood transplants have been performed safely in elderly patients, many still relapse. The investigators propose to intensify the preparative regimen for this patient group in an attempt to decrease relapses, and combine this with an ex vivo expanded Umbilical Cord Blood (UCB) unit.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(No Intervention)
Participants that do not meet criteria for StemEx®, will be registered into the unmanipulated UCB arm and receive the standard conditioning regimen.
(Experimental)
StemEx is a stem/progenitor cell-based product of ex-vivo expanded allogeneic UCB, which is administered to the subject in combination with the non-manipulated portion of the same cord blood unit (CBU). The CBU must be cryopreserved in two portions of which the larger (or equal) CBU portion contains at least 1.5 x 107 total nucleated cells (TNC)/Kg. This portion remains unmanipulated and is transplanted on Day 0. StemEx is derived from the smaller (or equal) CBU portion, which is expanded ex vivo for 21 days starting pre-transplant in the presence of cytokines TPO, IL-6, Flt-3L and SCF at a concentration of 50ng/ml and 5μM tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA)
stemex
For patients allocated to StemEx® arm: Day -20: Start small (or equal) portion expansion at processing site. (II) Conditioning Phase Day -6 to -1: Subject receives a RIC regimen containing Fludarabine, Cyclophosphamide and Total Body Irradiation (TBI) (III) Transplantation and Follow-up Phase Day 0: CBU unmanipulated portion transplantation (for StemEx® arm) or unmanipulated CBU transplantation. Day 1: StemEx® transplantation. Day 2 to 3 years: Post transplant follow-up.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Efficacy of StemEx
time frame: 100 days

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Time to engraftment
time frame: 42 days

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 55 years up to 73 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Ages 55-73 - Patients will have one of the following malignancies: - Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) deNovo in first CR with adverse cytogenetic abnormalities, M0, M6, M7 subtypes, extramedullary disease in remission or high CD34+ disease (> 50%) - AML in early relapse (5-10% blasts on bone marrow aspirate or biopsy), or beyond CR-1 with no circulating blasts - AML at any time if resulting from a previous myelodysplasia - Acute lymphocytic leukemia or lymphoblastic lymphoma (ALL) in first CR with adverse prognostic features: t (9; 22), extra medullary disease, or mature B cell phenotype - Acute lymphoid leukemia or lymphoblastic lymphoma in early relapse (5- 10% blasts on aspirate), or beyond CR-1 - Acute Undifferentiated Leukemia or biphenotypic leukemia in CR1 or CR2 - Transfusion dependent myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB) or RAEB-in transition, CMMOL, or any myelodysplasia with 7q-, 5q-, 7-, 5- or resulting from prior anti cancer therapy. - Relapsed Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL), including those that have relapsed after an autologous marrow/blood stem cell transplant - Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patient who has had fludarabine and either failed or relapsed. Prior autologous transplant patients are eligible. - Patients with adequate organ function and performance status criteria - Subject must have at least one or the following back-up stem cell sources in case of engraftment failure: - Subject is willing to undergo BM harvest or peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC) collection for use in case of engraftment failure (when clinically applicable). - Subject has a second CBU as a possible back up. - Subject's haploidentical family member has been identified and agreed (by signing a written informed consent) to donate hematopoietic stem cells in case of engraftment failure. - Evaluation by social service/psychologist - Subject signs the written informed consent after being aware of the nature of the subject's disease and willingly consents to the treatment program after being informed of alternative treatments, potential risks, benefits and discomforts. - Ability to understand and agree to compliance with strict evaluation, isolation,and medication schedules - Designated primary care giver. - Dental evaluation/treatment completed. - ENT evaluation/treatment completed. - All patient who survive to day 90 are eligible for measurement of T and B cell function and lymphocyte subset numbers to determine immune reconstitution post UCB transplantation with or without StemEx® Exclusion Criteria: - Patient with suitable related donor as defined per institutional guidelines - Chemotherapy resistant or active AML, ALL, AUL, biphenotypic leukemia - AML evolved from myelofibrosis - MDS with 20% or greater bone marrow blasts at pre-transplant workup. Patients may receive therapy and if in remission, are eligible - Prior allogeneic hematopoeitic stem cell transplant at any time - Less than twenty-one days have elapsed since the subject's last radiation or chemotherapy prior to conditioning (except for hydroxyurea) - Uncontrolled bacterial, fungal or viral infection at the time of study enrollment - Seropositive or NAT positive for HIV, HTLV-1 and Hepatitis C - Subjects with signs and symptoms of active central nervous system (CNS) disease - Females who are pregnant or breastfeeding - Allergy to bovine proteins or to aminoglycoside antibiotics (e.g. gentamicin) or to any product, which may interfere with the treatment. - Patient unable to give informed consent or unable to comply with the treatment protocol including appropriate supportive care, follow-up and research tests. - Enrolled in another clinical trial or received an investigational treatment during the last 30 days, unless approved by the primary investigator.

Additional Information

Official title An Open Label,Double Arm,Single Center Pilot Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Transplantation of Either StemEx, Umbilical Cord Blood Stem and Progenitor Cells Expanded ex Vivo, or an Unmanipulated Cord Blood Unit in the Elderly Population With Hematologic Malignancies Using Reduced Intensity Regimen
Principal investigator Patrick Stiff, MD
Description Allogeneic stem cell transplantation is a life saving procedure in selected high-risk or recurrent hematologic malignancies and marrow failure syndromes. However its wide application is limited by availability of suitably HLA matched adult donors. Umbilical Cord Blood (UCB) has been increasingly used as an alternative hematopoietic stem cell source for these patients. To date, over 10,000 UCB transplants have been performed in both children32-38 and adults.35,39-44 Its advantages include easier procurement, decreased risk to donors, reduced risk of transmitting infections, the immediate availability of cryopreserved units, and acceptable HLA mismatches. The transplantation of UCB allows a greater degree of HLA mismatching without an unacceptably high incidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD). Adult patients receiving myeloablative cord blood transplants have a 90% chance of engraftment, but carry a 50% rate of transplant related mortality.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2014.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Loyola University.