This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition metastatic renal cell carcinoma
Treatments sorafenib-sunitinib, sunitinib-sorafenib
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Yamagata University
Start date January 2010
End date July 2013
Trial size 120 participants
Trial identifier NCT01481870, CROSS-J-RCC, UMIN000003040


The clinical benefits of sunitinib and sorafenib have been demonstrated in patients with cytokine-refractory metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Sunitinib has also been shown to improve progression free survival and overall survival in a comparative study with interferon-alpha. When sunitinib is used as first-line molecular-targeted therapy, switching to sorafenib is one of the treatment options after disease progression. Reversely, when sorafenib is used as first-line molecular-targeted therapy, sunitinib is used as second-line therapy. The goal of cancer treatment is cure, and if cure is not possible, it is to prolong survival. In this study, sunitinib or sorafenib will be administered as first-line molecular-targeted therapy and treatment switched to the other test drug, sorafenib or sunitinib, when disease progression is detected to assess which treatment sequence produces longer progression free survival and offers a better safety profile (causing fewer adverse events). The purpose of this trial is to compare progression free survival of first line sunitinib versus sorafenib, and that of two treatment sequences, i.e. sunitinib followed by sorafenib versus sorafenib followed by sunitinib.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model crossover assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
(Active Comparator)
Sorafenib is first line treatment followed by sunitinib.
sorafenib 400mg b.i.d. followed by sunitinib treatment when progression is observed
(Active Comparator)
Sunitinib is first line treatment followed by sorafenib.
sunitinib 50mg q.d. 4 weeks on two weeks off followed by sorafenib treatment when progression is observed

Primary Outcomes

Progression free survival in first-line treatment
time frame: Time of progression in first line treatment

Secondary Outcomes

Total progression free survival (PFS) in first-line and second-line treatments
time frame: Time of progression in second line treatment

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 20 years up to 80 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Age: 20-80 years old, both inclusive - ECOG performance status of 0, 1, or 2 - MSKCC risk of favorable or intermediate - Histologically confirmed renal cell carcinoma - No ischemic heart disease - Laboratory findings meet the following criteria: 1. Respiratory function: %VC, 80% and FEV1.0,70% 2. Hematology: white blood cell count4,000/mm3, platelet count100,000/mm3 3. Clinical chemistry: GOT and GPT within the normal range of each medical institution; total bilirubin <1.5 x ULN 4. Serum creatinin <2.0mg/dl, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) <25mg/dl 5. Echocardiographic estimation of left ventricular ejection fraction is higher than the lower limit of reference range of each medical institution. Exclusion Criteria: - History of any other malignancy - Central nervous system metastases. However, patients who remain asymptomatic, have no new or enlarging lesion in the CNS within 6 months of enrollment in this study, and require no corticosteroids may be enrolled. - History of cardiac infarction, unstable angina, congestive heart failure, or symptomatic peripheral vascular disease within 12 months of enrollment - History of cerebrovascular disorder including transient ischemic attack (TIA) - Pregnancy or possible pregnancy at any time during the study - Ongoing grade 2 adverse event prior treatment - Prior treatment with any anticancer therapy including cytokine therapy such as interferon-alpha and interleukin-2 - Prior treatment with mTOR inhibitor - Prior treatment with sunitinib or sorafenib - Treatment with an test drug in a clinical research within 4 weeks of enrollment in this study

Additional Information

Official title Randomized Comparison of Sequential Therapies With Sunitinib and Sorafenib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma
Principal investigator Yoshihiko Tomita, MD
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Yamagata University.