This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, depressive disorder nos, chronic pain
Treatment mindfulness based cognitive therapy
Sponsor Massachusetts General Hospital
Start date November 2011
End date June 2013
Trial size 60 participants
Trial identifier NCT01473615, 2011P001699


The primary aim of this study is to test the feasibility and efficacy of Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) training for the treatment of depressive symptoms in patients with chronic pain. The study also aims to elucidate the mechanisms underlying MBCT on a psychological and neurobiological level. For this purpose the study subjects will fill out several psychological questionnaires related to mindfulness, depression and chronic pain. Moreover this study involves optional fMRI scans of the brain and blood measures before and after the intervention.

Main hypotheses:

1. The MBCT training will be a feasible intervention in patients with chronic pain and co-morbid depression as defined by no occurrence of serious adverse events related to the intervention and a retention rate of more than 70% in the subjects assigned to the MBCT arm.

2. Patients who have completed the MBCT training will demonstrate a significant decrease in depressive symptoms as measured on the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology - Clinician rated (QIDS-C16), and the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD17) (QIDS-C/HRDS) severity scale for depressive symptoms (the primary outcome measure), compared to the control group.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking single blind (outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
Subjects randomized into the intervention group will receive, a manualized 8-week MBCT group skills program with sessions that each last 2 hours, in addition to their treatment as usual (TAU).
mindfulness based cognitive therapy
A manualized 8-week MBCT group skills program with weekly sessions that each last 2 hours. The MBCT sessions combine elements of cognitive therapy with a mindful approach to thoughts and feelings, including a significant meditation component. The program is specifically tailored to a population that suffers from active depressive symptoms and chronic pain. The program also includes daily homework exercises.
(No Intervention)
Patients randomized into the TAU group will continue to receive their care as usual and be put on a waitlist. They will be offered the MBCT treatment after the completion of the study.

Primary Outcomes

Change from Baseline on the combined Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-clinician rated and the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (QIDS-C16/HRDS17), at week 8.
time frame: week 8

Secondary Outcomes

Response according to the Beck Anxiety Inventory, 21 items (BAI).
time frame: Baseline, week 8, 6 months, 12 months
Response according to Short Form Health Survey, 36 items (SF-36).
time frame: Baseline, week 8, 6 months, 12 months
Response according to Brief Pain Inventory (BPI-sf).
time frame: Baseline, week 4, week 8, 6 months, 12 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - The presence of Chronic Pain, which has persisted for at least 3 months. - Meets criteria of Major Depressive Disorder, Dysthymic Disorder or Depressive disorder NOS as defined by DSM-IV criteria. - Have a minimum score of depressive symptoms of > 10 as rated on the QIDS-C, administered during the screen. - Able to provide written informed consent. - Adults 18 years or older - English-language literacy. Exclusion Criteria: - Serious suicide or homicide risk, as assessed by evaluating clinician. - Severe and unstable medical illness including cardiovascular, hepatic, renal, respiratory, endocrine, neurological or hematological disease for which hospitalization is likely to be required within the next half year. - The following DSM-IV disorders: any bipolar disorder (current or past), current psychotic symptoms, or a primary psychotic disorder (current or past). Entry of patients with anxiety disorder will be permitted if the depressive disorder is judged to be the predominant disorder, in order to increase accrual of a clinically relevant sample. - Active diagnosis of substance abuse or dependence disorders within the last 3 months.

Additional Information

Official title Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy for Chronic Pain and Comorbid Unipolar Depression
Principal investigator Heidi Ashih, MD, PhD
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in May 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Massachusetts General Hospital.