Glutamine and Insulin Sensitivity in Type I Diabetes
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Condition||type i diabetes mellitus|
|Sponsor||Nemours Children's Clinic|
|Collaborator||Thrasher Research Fund|
|Start date||October 2011|
|End date||June 2013|
|Trial size||20 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01467063, IRC# 11-29|
Insulin is crucial to help the body metabolize ('burn') sugar (glucose). Even though juvenile (type 1) diabetes (T1D) is primarily due to the lack of insulin, patients with T1D tend to become less sensitive to insulin, particularly during adolescence.
The overall objective of this project is to gain further insight into the possible benefits of supplementation with glutamine (GLN), a natural dietary amino acid, enhancing insulin sensitivity in adolescents with T1D. To elucidate the impact of glutamine, the investigators will use a method called the 'euglycemic, hyperinsulinemic clamp': it consists of giving an IV drip of insulin, while the drop in blood sugar is prevented by giving variable, precisely measured amounts of glucose by vein: the amount of glucose required to prevent a drop in blood sugar reflects the body's sensitivity to insulin. The investigators will also give an IV drip of glucose and arginine (a building block of protein) 'tagged' with non-radioactive isotopes to better understand how glutamine may work. This procedure will be performed in 2 groups of 10 adolescents in the morning either after a strenuous exercise performed the previous afternoon (group 1; n=10), or after a sedentary day (group 2; n=10). Each subject will be studied twice, once after taking oral GLN, once after placebo, in separate clinical research center (CRC) admissions a few weeks apart, in random order.
Should the investigators hypothesis prove to be true, it would warrant long term studies to determine whether sustained dietary GLN supplementation can decrease insulin requirements and ultimately improve diabetes control in teenagers with T1DM, If successful, this approach could potentially have a significant positive impact in terms of adolescent health.
|Endpoint classification||efficacy study|
|Intervention model||crossover assignment|
|Masking||double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator)|
time frame: 1 month
Glutamine mechanism of action
time frame: 1 month
Male or female participants from 13 years up to 19 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Type I diabetes diagnosed for > 12 months. - Minimal weight of 40 kg - Tanner stage IV or beyond - All insulin programs, including intermediate/short acting insulins, Lantus/Detemir and short acting insulin or insulin pump therapy. - HbA1C between 7.5 and 10% - BMI between 10th to 85th percentile - Patients on stable thyroid replacement therapy will be allowed to participate. Exclusion Criteria: - Celiac disease (any patient with history of positive serology or consuming a gluten-free diet) - Cystic Fibrosis - Chronic steroid therapy - Chronic medications that may interfere with glucose metabolism or liver function - History of mental retardation - Presence of diabetic complications - Positive pregnancy test - Presence of significant anemia (Hb<11 g/dL) - Presence of intercurrent infection
|Official title||Dietary Amino Acids and Insulin Sensitivity in Children With Type 1 Diabetes|
|Principal investigator||Dominique Darmaun, MD, PhD|
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