This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions sickle cell disease, vitamin d deficiency, acute chest syndrome, asthma, respiratory infections
Treatments vitamin d3
Phase phase 2
Sponsor Gary M Brittenham, MD
Start date December 2011
End date September 2015
Trial size 130 participants
Trial identifier NCT01443728, AAAE3244, R01FD003894


This study aims to answer the question whether oral vitamin D supplementation can decrease lung complications in children and adolescents with sickle cell disease. Lung complications are the leading causes of morbidity and of death in sickle cell disease. Infections and increased inflammation play important roles in the development of the lung problems in sickle cell disease. Emerging evidence shows that vitamin D helps the immune system to fight infection and to control inflammation and could potentially help prevent respiratory complications in patients with sickle cell disease. The investigators hypothesize that oral vitamin D3, 100,000 IU (2.5 mg), given once a month to a group of children and adolescents with sickle cell disease, will reduce the rate of respiratory events (infection, asthma exacerbation and acute chest syndrome) compared to the rate in a group given standard dose oral vitamin D3, 12,000 IU (0.3 mg) given once a month.

Funding Source - U.S. Food & Drug Administration, Office of Orphan Products Development

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator, outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
Oral vitamin D3, 100,000 IU [2.5 mg] given once a month
vitamin d3 Cholecalciferol
Vitamin D3 100,000 IU orally once a month
(Active Comparator)
Standard dose oral vitamin D3 12,000 IU [0.3 mg] given once a month
vitamin d3 Cholecalciferol
Vitamin D3 12,000 IU orally once a month

Primary Outcomes

Respiratory events (defined as respiratory infection, acute asthma exacerbation, and acute chest syndrome)
time frame: Every year for 2 years

Secondary Outcomes

Pulmonary function tests
time frame: Every year for 2 years
Immune function
time frame: Every 6 months for 2 years
Bone function and bone turnover markers
time frame: Every 6 months for 2 years
Muscle strength (Hand grip)
time frame: Every year for 2 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 3 years up to 20 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Diagnosis of sickle cell disease (HbSS, HbSC, HbS Beta-thalassemia) - Age 3 to 20 years old Exclusion Criteria: - Patient (or parent or guardian) unwilling or unable to provide written informed consent (and assent, if applicable) - Patient unable or unwilling to comply with requirements of the clinical trial - Participation in other therapeutic clinical trial - Current diagnosis of rickets - History of hypercalcemia or diagnosis of any medical condition associated with hypercalcemia, including primary hyperparathyroidism, malignancy, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, granulomatous disease, familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia - Current use of corticosteroids, excluding inhaled steroids - Current use of anticonvulsants (phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine) - Therapy with thiazide diuretics or lithium carbonate - Known liver or renal disease - Patients taking medications for pulmonary complications of sickle cell disease not on a stable dose of medications, as defined by a change in medications or doses within the three months prior to study entry - Patients on chronic red blood cell transfusion therapy - Absence of baseline record of respiratory events (respiratory infections, asthma exacerbations, episodes of acute chest syndrome) for the preceding year - Pregnancy

Additional Information

Official title Vitamin D for Sickle-cell Respiratory Complications
Principal investigator Gary Brittenham, MD
Description This study will be a Phase 2 double-blind randomized clinical trial in 80 patients with sickle cell disease, ages 3 to 20 years-old, comparing a 2-year monthly oral dose of vitamin D3, 100,000 IU (equivalent to 3,300 IU/day) to a standard monthly dose, 12,000 IU (400 IU/day) in reducing the rate of respiratory events (defined as respiratory infections, acute asthma exacerbation, and the acute chest syndrome) in children and adolescents with sickle cell disease in comparison with the rates of respiratory events over a baseline period of one year. Eligible participants (130 patients) will initially be screened to determine their blood vitamin D levels (serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D). Those with 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels between 5 and 60 ng/mL will be eligible for randomization. At study entry, blood and urine samples will be collected for routine and special blood tests including tests on immune function, inflammation, and bone function. Children above 5 years old will also have lung function and muscle strength tests. Participants will be followed once a month to administer the study medication (oral vitamin D3) and to monitor any side effects from the study medication by history, examination and blood and urine tests. After 12 and 24 months of therapy, the same study procedures at study entry will be repeated. This study could help establish oral vitamin D3 as a simple, low cost treatment to reduce respiratory complications in children and adolescents with sickle cell disease.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Columbia University.