The Effects of Bethanechol on Glucose Homeostasis
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Condition||type 2 diabetes mellitus|
|Treatments||placebo, bethanechol (25 mg), bethanechol (50 mg), bethanechol (100 mg)|
|Sponsor||Washington University School of Medicine|
|Collaborator||National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)|
|Start date||May 2011|
|End date||December 2017|
|Trial size||40 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01434901, 08-0861C, 1R01DK088126-01|
Xenin-25 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are hormones produced in the intestine that are released into the blood immediately after ingestion of a meal. Together, these 2 hormones increase insulin release and reduce blood glucose levels. Xenin-25 works by increasing acetylcholine release in pancreatic islets. This study will determine if a Bethanechol, a drug that is similar to acetylcholine, also increases insulin release and reduces blood glucose levels after ingestion of a mixed meal.
|Endpoint classification||safety/efficacy study|
|Intervention model||crossover assignment|
|Masking||single blind (subject)|
|Primary purpose||basic science|
The effects of Bethanechol on insulin secretion rates
time frame: 3 years
Male or female participants from 18 years up to 65 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Ages 18-65. No minors will be studied. - Individuals must be able to consent for their own participation (no mental impairment affecting cognition or willingness to follow study instructions). - Healthy volunteers with no clinical evidence of T2DM (see below). - Otherwise healthy volunteers that have impaired glucose tolerance (see below). - Otherwise healthy volunteers with Diet Controlled T2DM (see below). - Otherwise healthy volunteers with T2DM that take oral agents only and if the subject's pre-existing oral anti-diabetic agents can be safely discontinued for 48 hours prior to Oral Glucose Tolerance Test. - Otherwise healthy volunteers with T2DM who do not use insulin for blood glucose control. - Persons with HbA1c ≤ 9%. - Women of childbearing potential must be currently taking/using a method of birth control that is acceptable to the investigators. A pregnancy test will be done at the beginning of each visit. Any woman with a positive pregnancy test will be removed from the study. Exclusion Criteria: - <18years of age or >65 years of age - Lacks cognitive ability to sign the consent &/or follow the study directions for themselves - Women unwilling to comply with using an acceptable method of contraception during the course of the study, or who are currently breast-feeding. - Any subject whose screening HbA1c is >9.0% - Type 2 diabetes requiring the use of supplemental insulin @ home - Volunteers with a history of Acute Pancreatitis - Volunteer with a history of Chronic Pancreatitis and/or risk factors for chronic pancreatitis including hypertriglyceridemia (triglycerides >400mg/ml) hypercalcemia (blood calcium level >11.md/dl) and/or the presence of gallstones. - Volunteers with a history of gastrointestinal disorders, particularly related to gastric motility/emptying such as gastric bypass, documented gastro-paresis in diabetic volunteers. - Volunteers with a history of cancer. Exception: skin cancer. - Diabetics that have the potential to have a low blood sugar without them being aware that their blood sugar is low (hypoglycemia unawareness). - Known heart, kidney. liver or pancreatic disease requiring medications. - Unwillingness to allow blood glucose level adjustment (if needed) with IV insulin. - Subjects with hyperthyroidism, coronary artery disease, peptic ulcer, asthma, chronic bronchitis, or COPD.
|Official title||The Effects of Bethanechol, a Muscarinic Agonist, on Plasma Insulin, Glucagon, and Glucose Levels in Humans With and Without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus|
|Principal investigator||Burton M Wice, PhD|
|Description||Each eligible participant will be administered an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) so he/she can be assigned to the group with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) which is between normal and diabetic, or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Each study subject will then be administered a meal tolerance test (MTT) on 4 separate occasions. For the MTT, a liquid meal (Boost Plus) will be ingested following an overnight fast. A placebo or Bethanechol (25 mg, 50 mg, or 100 mg) will taken by mouth 1 hour before ingestion of the meal. Blood samples will be collected before and during the MTT for the measurement of glucose, insulin, C-peptide, and glucagon levels.|
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