Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions myositis, polymyositis, dermatomyositis, myositis, inclusion body
Treatment mri-oriented muscle biopsy
Sponsor Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Start date September 2010
End date June 2016
Trial size 139 participants
Trial identifier NCT01432613, K071204

Summary

Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are a great concern in acquired muscle illnesses. An appropriate and rapid diagnosis is necessary, because morbidity and mortality are high and a specific treatment is needed. Currently the use of muscle MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) in departments managing IIM is common. In absence of recommendations fixing their place in the diagnostic phase, the practices observed are extremely heterogeneous. This practices diversity well reflects the lack of data in the literature, making it impossible to appreciate the real contribution of this test. The main aim of this interventional study is to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of muscle MRI (in terms of sensitivity, specificity, predictive positive value and predictive negative value) for patients who are suspected to suffer from IIM.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose diagnostic
Arm
(Other)
Muscle sample will be done following the usual care.
mri-oriented muscle biopsy
Orientation of muscle biopsy according to the MRI results

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Evaluation of T1 and STIR (Short Tau Inversion Recovery) sequences of muscle MRI.
time frame: between Day 0 and 24 months
Presence of IIM diagnosed by muscle biopsy
time frame: between Day 0 and 24 months

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Evaluation of reproductibility intra- versus inter-observers for muscle biopsy interpretation
time frame: every 3 months (up to 24 months)
Evaluation of reproductibility intra- versus inter-observers for muscle MRI interpretation
time frame: every 3 months (up to 24 months)

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Skin rash typical of dermatomyositis: "lilac" rash (+/- oedemata) of upper eyelids, periungual sign, erythematous-scaly eruption occurring over the MCP and IPP, elbow, knees (Gottron's signs ands papules), erythema of light-sensitive areas OR - Muscle weakness which is proximal, bilateral and objectifiable by clinical examination ≤ 4/5, and CPK≥2N (N<170). - Increase CPK and presence of acquired myositis specific antibody AND -Onset of troubles ≤3 years Exclusion Criteria: - Pregnant female - Proximal motive neuropathy - Refusing participation - Patient under 18 years old - Adult patient under legal protection - Patient with contraindication for MRI, pacemaker - For all other magnetic or ironic implanted equipments, metal workers, must contact PI to ensure their eligibility - Ocular muscles weakness, isolated dysarthria, - Patients suffering from toxic myopathy, amyloidosis, inherited muscular dystrophy

Additional Information

Official title Diagnostic Accuracy of Whole Body Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Inflammatory Myopathies
Principal investigator Yves ALLENBACH, MD, PhD
Description Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are a great concern in acquired muscle illnesses. An appropriate and rapid diagnosis is necessary, because morbidity and mortality are high and as a specific treatment is needed (corticosteroids, immunosuppressant, and "biotherapies"). Currently the use of muscle MRI in departments managing IIM is common. In absence of recommendations fixing their place in the diagnostic phase, the practices observed are extremely heterogeneous. Some systematically order a muscle MRI for patients suspected to suffer from IIM, others hold this examination for patients selected according to non defined criteria, and others sometimes use MRI to follow-up patients. This practices diversity well reflects the lack of data in the literature, making it impossible to appreciate the real contribution of this test. The results published in the great majority of studies are obtained with patients whose IIM diagnosis is already established. The diagnostic accuracy of muscle MRI in real conditions of clinical practice is thus unknown for patients having a simple suspicion of IIM. Primary scientific aim: Evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of muscle MRI (in terms of sensitivity, specificity, predictive positive value and predictive negative value) for patients who are suspected to suffer from IIM. Secondary scientific aim: Comparison of two diagnostic strategies: MRI-oriented muscle biopsy versus non MRI-oriented muscle biopsy. Gold standard: muscle biopsy Index test: whole body MRI, STIR and T1 sequences Patients and setting of diagnosis tests: Screening will be realized on any patient suspected to suffer from inflammatory and addressed for muscle biopsy in one of the participating reference centres for neuro-muscular disorders. -Evaluate if RMI is efficiency to reduce false negative results during a second biopsy. - Evaluation of reproducibility inter-observers and intra-observers of interpretations of RMI. - Evaluation of reproducibility inter-observers and intra-observers of muscles biopsy interpretations according with the European neuro muscular classification ENMC. Study calendar : - Including 130 patients during 24 months - RMI interpretations are realised immediately after RMI exam without informing the investigator. - Procedures of anonymisation of the double reading are done every 03 months. - V1 = inclusion visit Information and non-opposition of patient Collection of demographic, clinical and biological data - V2 = muscle MRI - V3 = muscle biopsy - One year after V1, collection of the final established diagnosis and compare it to the investigator results
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris.