Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition children with relapsed solid tumor, lymphoma or leukemia
Treatment zolinza/vorinostat
Phase phase 1/phase 2
Sponsor National Center for Tumor Diseases, Heidelberg
Collaborator University Hospital Heidelberg
Start date March 2012
End date November 2017
Trial size 50 participants
Trial identifier NCT01422499, NCT-2007-11-02-1004

Summary

The aim of this study is to define a dose recommendation of vorinostat in pediatric oncology, to determine pharmacokinetics of vorinostat in children, determine response rates, safety and feasibility.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment

Primary Outcomes

Measure
To determine a safe dose recommended (SDR) for the routine application of oral vorinostat (involving dose escalation) in children and adolescents (3-18 years) with relapsed/refractory solid tumor, lymphoma or leukemia.
time frame: After finding the individual MTD this dose will be applied for 3 months. Patients without progression at first response evaluation will continue treatment for a maximum of 9 months.

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
pharmacokinetics
time frame: d 8, when maximum tolerated dose (MTD) ist reached and after 3 months treatment at MTD
antitumor effectiveness
time frame: three months after start of treatment with the individual MTD
association of the histone deacetylase (HDAC)-inhibiting activity with the dose administered, toxicity, and treatment response
time frame: d8, after reaching the MTD and after 3 months treatment at MTD
safety
time frame: during dose escalation and during 3 months treatment at MTD every week; during prolongation of treatment and follow-up every second week
duration of response in responding patients
time frame: every 3 months until progression of tumor

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 3 years up to 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Children and adolescents (3-18 years) with relapsed or therapy-refractory solid tumor, lymphoma or leukemia following standard first-line or relapse protocols in pediatric oncology - Diagnosis confirmed by one of the Pathological, Radiological or Study Reference Centers recognized by the GPOH - No other simultaneous anti-neoplastic treatment or radiation during the study and 1 months before enrolment - Sufficient general condition (Lansky Score >50%) - Life expectancy > 3 months - Liver enzymes (ALT or AST) < 5x upper limit of normal reference value, bilirubin and creatinine < 3x upper limit of normal reference value - Solid tumors: leukocytes > 2000/µl, thrombocytes > 50.000/µl and adequate bone marrow function to permit evaluations of hematopoietic toxicity - No CTC grade 3 or 4 toxicity from previous treatments - Normal ECG - Written informed consent of the legal representatives and the patient if the patient is able to understand the study situation and to give consent (must be available before enrolment in the trial) - Women with childbearing potential agree to use adequate contraception or to abstain from heterosexual activity throughout the study, starting with Visit 1. - Sexually active male patient agrees to use an adequate method of contraception for the duration of the study - Solid tumors: measurable disease activity according to RECIST criteria Exclusion Criteria: - History of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism - Pregnancy and lactation - Patient with concomitant treatments and/or anti-neoplastic treatment such as chemotherapy, immune therapy, and differentiation therapy, other targeted therapy, radiation. The use of valproic acid as prior antiepileptic therapy is allowed with a 30-day washout period. - Prior exposure to Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors - Known active HBV, HCV or HIV infection - Patient with concomitant treatments such as amber [Hypericum perforatum], plant extracts, vitamins, and other anti-oxidative compounds - Participation in other clinical trials or observation period of competing trials, respectively - Patient is unable to swallow vorinostat suspension or capsules - Patient on coumarin-derivative anticoagulants - Any other medication which could accentuate known dose-dependent adverse effects of the study drug, for instance bone marrow depression or QT-prolongation

Additional Information

Official title Phase I/II Intra-patient Dose Escalation Study of Vorinostat in Children With Relapsed Solid Tumor, Lymphoma or Leukemia
Principal investigator Olaf Witt, Prof. Dr.
Description Relapsed or progressive solid tumors and leukemias have a very poor prognosis in children despite intense multimodal treatment protocols involving polychemotherapy, surgery, and radiation. Therefore, innovative treatment strategies targeting specific molecular mechanisms are urgently required. A novel class of compounds with promising anti-tumoral activities is histone deacetylase (HDAC)-inhibitors. HDACs are key enzymes involved in regulation of chromatin-structure and function of several proteins, and aberrant activities of HDACs are found in many cancer cells. Pharmacological inhibition of HDACs causes cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, differentiation, inhibition of clonogenic growth, and anti-angiogenic effects in numerous cancer cells. In addition, promising anti-tumoral activity has been shown in several pre-clinical pediatric tumor models such as neuroblastoma, medulloblastoma, glioblastoma, retinoblastoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, ATRT, and acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Several HDAC inhibitors are now in Phase I-III clinical trials in adult patients demonstrating a good safety profile and promising anti-neoplastic activity. The first of these compounds, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA, vorinostat, Zolinza), was recently approved by the FDA for the treatment of refractory cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Vorinostat showed linear pharmacokinetics, good oral bioavailability and a broad range of anti-tumor activity in a Phase I clinical trial including 73 adult relapsed tumor patients. The determined peak plasma levels were in the range of 658±439 ng/ml (corresponding to 2.5±1.7 µM). At these concentrations, anti-tumoral effects on pediatric cancer cells and leukemias have been documented in vitro. Furthermore, vorinostat passes the blood brain barrier in mice, thus making it a suitable compound for the treatment of brain tumors. The aim of this study is to define a dose recommendation of vorinostat in pediatric oncology, to determine pharmacokinetics of vorinostat in children, determine response rates, safety and feasibility. The design is an open, multicenter Phase I/II trial. Children and adolescents (3-18 years) with relapsed or therapy-refractory solid tumor, lymphoma or leukemia following standard treatment protocols in pediatric oncology will be included. 50 patients will be recruited over 2 years. Vorinostat will be taken orally once per day on an outpatient basis and the dose will be escalated until the individual maximum tolerated dose is established. This dose will then be applied for 3 months, when tumor response will be evaluated. Patients without progression at first response evaluation will continue treatment for a maximum of 9 months. After end of treatment (EOT) follow-up evaluations will be performed for 3 months. Pharmacokinetic studies will be performed in plasma, and in optional cerebrospinal fluid samples. Biomarkers (BMP4, IL-6, IL10 induction following Vorinostat treatment, basal histone acetylation, HDACs and H23B in archived tumor samples) will be determined and correlated with treatment response.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Center for Tumor Diseases, Heidelberg.