Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions complication of coronary artery bypass graft, peri-operative hemorrhage or hematoma, post operative bleeding
Treatment platelet reactivity assessment
Sponsor Medstar Research Institute
Start date September 2010
End date February 2016
Trial size 100 participants
Trial identifier NCT01406483, Serial CABG

Summary

The primary objective of this exploratory cohort study is to describe levels of platelet reactivity in patients on a thienopyridine awaiting coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose diagnostic
Arm
(Other)
platelet reactivity assessment
Platelet reactivity, as measured by the Chrono-log Lumi-Aggregometer, VerifyNow P2Y12 assay, and Vasodilator Stimulated Phosphoprotein (VASP) flow cytometry assay.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Serial levels of platelet reactivity, as assessed with the Chrono-log Lumi-Aggregometer
time frame: Duration of hospital stay; average hospital stay of 1 week
Perioperative rates of bleeding complications
time frame: Duration of hospital stay; average hospital stay of 1 week

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Serial levels of platelet reactivity, as assessed with the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay
time frame: Duration of hospital stay; average hospital stay of 1 week
Serial levels of platelet reactivity, as assessed with the Vasodilator Stimulated Phosphoprotein (VASP) assay
time frame: Duration of hospital stay; average hospital stay of 1 week

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Patients ≥ 18 years old from both genders. 2. Taking maintenance thienopyridine therapy within 5 days of surgery OR received a loading dose of thienopyridine therapy within 48 hours of surgery for CABG. 3. Referred for CABG (which is scheduled to be performed during the current admission). Exclusion Criteria: 1. Known allergies to aspirin, clopidogrel, or prasugrel. 2. Use of a glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitor within 8 hours of initial platelet reactivity testing. 3. Patient known to be pregnant or lactating. 4. Patient with known history of bleeding diathesis or currently active bleeding. 5. Platelet count <100,000/mm the day of initial blood draw. 6. Hematocrit <25% the day of initial blood draw. 7. On warfarin therapy at the time of initial blood draw. 8. Known blood transfusion within the preceding 10 days of the blood draw. 9. Patients treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) within the previous 5 days. 10. Plan for patient to be discharged before undergoing CABG. 11. Any significant medical condition that, in the investigator's opinion, may interfere with the patient's optimal participation in the study.

Additional Information

Official title Platelet Reactivity in Patients on a Thienopyridine and Awaiting Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Description The recent emergence of platelet reactivity testing as a potential option for evaluating the degree of platelet inhibition promises to add another level of understanding to our concept of CABG-related bleeding. There is an emerging literature that links high levels of platelet reactivity with adverse clinical events, primarily in patients on clopidogrel. For example, studies of the VerifyNow P2Y12 platelet function assay have shown that Platelet Reactivity Units (PRU) > 235-240 in patients on clopidogrel therapy appears to predict cardiovascular events.15,16 There is a paucity of literature, however, on the use of platelet reactivity testing to predict bleeding events and complications. In other words, if excessively high levels of platelet reactivity predict ischemic events, do excessively low levels of platelet reactivity predict bleeding events? This is an especially relevant question, given the emergence of prasugrel as a therapeutic option. The investigators therefore propose an exploratory cohort study of patients receiving a thienopyridine (clopidogrel or prasugrel) and undergoing CABG, in order to describe levels of platelet reactivity in such patients by using a variety of platelet function tests.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2014.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Medstar Research Institute.