The Role Of Noninvasive 320-Row Multidetector Computer Tomography
This trial has been completed.
|Condition||coronary artery disease|
|Sponsor||University Health Network, Toronto|
|Collaborator||Mount Sinai Hospital, Canada|
|Start date||September 2008|
|End date||June 2014|
|Trial size||100 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT01405690, 08-0033-BE|
Computer tomography coronary angiogram (CTCA) has emerged as a noninvasive alternative to assessing coronary artery luminal disease. Although the use of noninvasive CTCA for the detection of coronary artery disease is on the rise, the current technology of the 64-row multidetector computer tomography (MDCT) is subjected to multiple patient artifacts that can affect image quality.To eliminate these patient related artifacts a more advanced 320-row MDCT was recently developed. The investigators therefore propose that the newly developed 320-MDCT can provide an accurate noninvasive assessment of the severity of coronary artery luminal stenosis as an alternative to an invasive coronary angiogram.
To assess the coronary luminal stenosis for location, number of vessels involved and severity of luminal stenosis using noninvasive CTCA.
time frame: CTCA 1-2 hours
Perioperative cardiac complications
time frame: In hospital day 0-3, 30 days post surgery and one year
Male or female participants at least 18 years old.
Inclusion Criteria: - Male or female, 18 years and older - Able to understand and willing to sign the Informed Consent Form - Undergoing vascular surgery or intermediate risk surgery (these include intraperitoneal, intrathoracic, carotid endarterectomy , head and neck, orthopedics or prostate) AND - One or more of the following clinical predictors according to the Revised Cardiac Risk Index: 1. history of ischemic heart disease (CABG, MI, Stent, positive stress test, Q-waves on ECG) 2. Diabetes (requiring insulin) 3. history of congestive heart failure (NYHA I- II) 4. history of cerebrovascular disease, any of : 1. history of carotid stenosis 2. history of ischemic cerebrovascular disease (stroke or TIA) 5. Aortic or peripheral vascular disease OR 6. Risk of CAD with 3 or more of the following 1. Age ≥ 70 years 2. Hypertension (medicated) 3. Cholesterol (medicated) 4. Diabetes (medicated-oral hypoglycemic) 5. Family history of coronary artery disease Exclusion Criteria: 1. Lack of consent for participation 2. Pregnancy 3. History of an allergic response to iodinated contrast medium 4. History of an allergic response, or other contraindication to beta blockers 5. eGFR < 45 mL/min 6. Hemodynamically unstable/compromised 7. Urgent surgery 8. Atrial fibrillation > 80 bpm 9. Uncontrolled tachyarrhythmia 10. Atrioventricular block (second and third degree) 11. Moderate to severe aortic stenosis 12. Not able to hold breath for 5 - 10 seconds 13. History of multiple myeloma or organ transplant 14. Severe pulmonary disease including COPD, PAH, asthma 15. Congestive heart failure presented as NYHA functional class III - IV 16. Severe anemia 17. Increased intracranial pressure 18. Closed angle glaucoma 19. Absolute contraindication to Nitroglycerin 20. Presence of medical condition or history that investigator feels would be problematic 21. Acute myocardial infarction (within 4-6 weeks) -
|Official title||A Pilot Study: The Role Of Noninvasive 320-Row Multidetector Computer Tomography Coronary Angiogram In Predicting Perioperative Cardiac Complications In Patients Referred For Noncardiac Surgery|
|Principal investigator||Eric You Ten Kong, MD PhD FRCPC|
|Description||This pilot study consisting of a prospective non-randomized observational trial where a team of surgeon, anesthesiologist, and evaluator are blinded to CTCA results. We hypothesize that the preoperative use of noninvasive computer tomography, with the 320-row MDCT, to visualize the degree of coronary artery stenosis can lead to improved clinical prediction of perioperative cardiac complications. The 320-row MDCT is based on the 64-row technology with the significant addition of a larger detector capable of scanning the heart within 1 sec or a cardiac cycle, thereby, eliminating patient-related artifacts and may produce higher image quality.13, 14 The scanning time of 5 seconds with the 320-row MDCT is significantly reduced compared to 8-10 seconds for the 64-row MDCT|
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