Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition acute myocardial infarction
Sponsor Medstar Research Institute
Start date December 2009
End date July 2013
Trial size 80 participants
Trial identifier NCT01401881, ITEMMRI

Summary

This study will assess relationship between ischemic time and the extent of myocardial infarction with cardiac magnetic resonance image in patients with STEMI (ST elevation myocardial infarction) and primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model cohort
Time perspective prospective
Arm
The study population will consist of adult patients with acute STEMI and primary PCI with clear identification of symptoms onset, willing to participate in the research protocol and not having any of the exclusion criteria. Patient screening will take place after the primary PCI in the cardiac catheterization laboratory or in the coronary care unit. Participation will be offered to all those who meet eligibility criteria.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
CMRI myocardial infarct size
time frame: Patients will be followed with repeat CMRI at 30 to 40 days and with phone survey at 6 months and 12 months.

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
CMRI transmurality of scar
time frame: Patients will be followed with repeat CMRI at 30 to 40 days and with phone survey at 6 months and 12 months.
CMRI area at risk
time frame: Patients will be followed with repeat CMRI at 30 to 40 days and with phone survey at 6 months and 12 months.
CMRI myocardial salvage index
time frame: Patients will be followed with repeat CMRI at 30 to 40 days and with phone survey at 6 months and 12 months.
CMRI microvascular obstruction (MVO)
time frame: Patients will be followed with repeat CMRI at 30 to 40 days and with phone survey at 6 months and 12 months
CMRI left ventricle (LV) thrombus
time frame: Patients will be followed with repeat CMRI at 30 to 40 days and with phone survey at 6 months and 12 months.
CMRI LV ejection fraction (EF)
time frame: Patients will be followed with repeat CMRI at 30 to 40 days and with phone survey at 6 months and 12 months.

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: Clinical features, EKG, cTn elevation, and coronary catheterization findings consistent with an acute STEMI and having primary PCI, with age greater than 18 years, and GFR >= 60 mL/min/1.73m2. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Renal dysfunction (creatinine clearance < 60 mL/min/1.73m2) 2. Pregnancy or breast-feeding 3. Standard contra-indications to MRI for implanted ferro-magnetic devices - i.e.: pacemakers, defibrillator (AICD), and aneurysm clips 4. Body weight > 400lb 5. Unwilling to participate in the research protocol 6. History of allergic reactions to gadlinium based contrast agents. 7. Too critically ill to receive a MRI

Additional Information

Official title Ischemic Time and Extent of Myocardial Infarction With Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Image in Patients With STEMI and Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Study
Description Background: Cardiac magnetic resonance image (CMRI) is the preferred method of assessing myocardial infarct size and function. However,the relationship between CMRI changes and the ischemic time [symptom onset to device activation time (S2D)] in patients with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not well understood. Hypothesis: The investigators will test the primary hypothesis that there is strong (at least 70%) direct correlation between the S2D time and infarct size by CMRI and inverse correlation with myocardial salvage. Method: The investigators will study a prospective cohort of 80 consecutive patients with STEMI and primary PCI. The investigators will perform CMRI at day 3 to 1 post STEMI and a repeat CMRI 30 to 40 days post STEMI. Exclusion Criteria: The investigators will exclude patients with 1)-culprit lesion in the distal artery, 2)-glomerular filtration rate (GFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73m2, 3)-pacemaker, defibrillator, aneurysm clips, 4)-body weight > 400lb, 5)-history of allergic reactions to gadlinium based contrast agents, and 6)-those unwilling to participate in the study protocol. Outcome Measurement: The primary outcome measure is the CMRI myocardial infarct size (scar). The secondary outcomes include the CMRI transmurality of scar, area at risk, myocardial salvage index, microvascular obstruction (MVO), left ventricle (LV) thrombus, and LV ejection fraction (EF). Important covariates include symptoms and ST segment resolution before and after the PCI, peak cardiac troponin (cTn), and angiographic TIMI flow and myocardial perfusion grade. Follow-up: Patients will be followed with repeat CMRI at 30 to 40 days and with phone survey at 6 months and 12 months.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Medstar Research Institute.