This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma
Treatments tumor lysate vaccine, imiquimod, radiation therapy
Phase phase 1
Sponsor Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
Start date July 2012
End date August 2017
Trial size 8 participants
Trial identifier NCT01400672, 1004M81213, 2009LS136


This is a pilot/feasibility study. The study design represents a modification of current standard of care for Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG) (5580 cGY involved field radiation), with the final two doses of radiation given at intervals during the vaccination phase of treatment.

Patients between the ages of 3 years and 25 years diagnosed with Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG) will be allowed to participate in the trial. Study enrollment will occur after the completion of conformal radiation therapy to a dose of 5580 cGy and the post radiation therapy (RT) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) shows no disease progression.

Three patients with glioblastoma multiforme, aged 16 years and older, will be entered first to confirm vaccine safety before enrolling DIPG patients.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) receiving radiation therapy, Tumor Lysate Vaccine (dose of 4 x 10^6 cells divided into 2 doses then every 4 weeks for up to 1 year) and Imiquimod (5% Aldara cream at a total dose of 12.5 mg) topically at each site prior to and 24 hours after vaccination.
tumor lysate vaccine
Vaccination is injected intradermally every 2 weeks for 4 doses, then every 4 weeks for up to 1 year. Patients will receive 1 mg protein divided into 2 doses at two separate subinguinal sites.
imiquimod Aldara cream
Marketed as 5% Aldara cream topically applied; total of 12.5 mg divided between the two vaccination sites and reapplied at the vaccination sites 24 hours later.
radiation therapy
Initial course of radiation therapy is given over 6-7 weeks, 5580 cGy. At the time of the 3rd vaccination, an additional 180 cGy fractions will be delivered in single doses in a novel effort to induce NKG2D ligand upregulation (thereby "sensitizing" residual tumor to lymphocyte attack). The total radiation dose for each patient will be 5760 cGy.

Primary Outcomes

Dose-limiting toxicity
time frame: Within 24 hours of vaccination

Secondary Outcomes

Time to Tumor Progression
time frame: Study entry through 24 months after treatment
Drop-out rate
time frame: 24 hours, 48 hours and 1 week after each vaccination

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 3 years old.

Inclusion Criteria - Age 16 years or older patients with histologically confirmed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) World Health Organization (WHO) grade III-IV with recurrent or progressive disease after standard therapy (enrollment plan 1). - Age 3 years and older patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Completion of standard radiation therapy (not to exceed 5580 cGy) with a post radiation therapy (RT) MRI that shows no disease progression when compared with pre-RT MRI. All patients must be treated with Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) or an equivalent conformal technique. Patients from an outside institution who are referred after the start of radiation therapy may complete initial radiation therapy at their home institution as long as dosage guidelines are met and the total dose does not exceed 5580 cGy at the time of study registration (enrollment plan 2 and 3). - all patients regardless of diagnosis must be clinically stable and off or on low dose (no more than 0.1 mg/kg/day, maximum of 4 mg/day dexamethasone) corticosteroid for at least 1 week prior to study enrollment. Exclusion Criteria: - Pregnant or breast-feeding. Pregnancy testing will be performed on all menstruating females within 14 days prior to study enrollment. - Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements - Currently receiving any chemotherapy, investigational agents or registration on another therapy based trial or received chemotherapy with radiation therapy - History of immune system abnormalities such as hyperimmunity (e.g., autoimmune diseases) and hypoimmunity (e.g., myelodysplastic disorders, marrow failures, AIDS, ongoing pregnancy, transplant immunosuppression) - Any isolated laboratory abnormality suggestive of a serious autoimmune disease - Any conditions that could potentially alter immune function (AIDS, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, renal failure) - Receiving ongoing treatment with immunosuppressive drugs, excluding those patients requiring dexamethasone for treatment of tumor-related edema

Additional Information

Official title Imiquimod/BTIC Lysate-Based Vaccine Immunotherapy for Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma in Children and Young Adults
Principal investigator Christopher Moertel, M.D.
Description Vaccine will be produced by the University Of Minnesota Molecular and Cellular Therapeutics Facility using the established brain tumor initiating cell (BTIC) cell line GBM-6 as the antigen source. Vaccine administration will begin at four weeks (week 10) following completion of radiation therapy and will be given every two weeks for four doses. At the time of the 1st and 3rd vaccinations, additional 180 cGy fractions will be delivered in single doses in a novel effort to induce NKG2D ligand upregulation (thereby "sensitizing" residual tumor to lymphocyte attack). The total radiation dose for each patient will be 5940 cGy. Subsequent vaccinations will be given every four weeks and will continue to a maximum of one year from study enrollment, by which time median survival will have passed based on historical data. Imaging will be obtained at study entry (post radiation therapy) and every eight weeks thereafter to eighteen months, after which time the interval between imaging follow-up episodes will be determined by the patient's clinical status. Imaging will include MRI of the brain using our current institutional brain tumor imaging protocol. Imaging will also include SPECT/MRI and perfusion MRI. FDG-PET imaging may be used in certain cases to differentiate tumor necrosis from progression.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota.
Location data was received from the National Cancer Institute and was last updated in May 2016.