This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Sponsor Columbia University
Collaborator National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Start date May 2009
End date March 2016
Trial size 360 participants
Trial identifier NCT01397721, AAAD6395, R01HL093081-01


The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Study aims to characterize the pulmonary vascular changes and their biology in early COPD using imaging, gene expression profiling and peripheral cellular measures.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Time perspective prospective

Primary Outcomes

Changes in cardiac structure and pulmonary vascular structure and function
time frame: Up to 2 years from start of study

Secondary Outcomes

Numbers of CD31+/CD42 endothelial microparticles (EMPs)
time frame: Up to 2 years from the start of study
Numbers of circulating endothelial cells (CEC)
time frame: Up to 2 years from the start of study
Numbers of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), involved in endothelial repair, are decreased
time frame: Up to 2 years from the start of study

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 50 years up to 79 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - age 50-79 years at time of enrollment - ever smokers (10 or more pack-years) - participation in MESA or EMCAP studies Exclusion Criteria: - clinical cardiovascular disease (left congestive heart failure (CHF), valve disease, coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke, or congenital heart disease), - asthma, pulmonary embolism or lung disease other than COPD, - weight > 300 lbs, - chronic renal insufficiency ([estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)] < 45 mL/min/1.73 m2), - cancer, - atrial fibrillation, and - contraindications to magnetic resonance imagine (MRI), gadolinium, albuterol or spirometry testing.

Additional Information

Official title Pulmonary Vascular Changes in Early Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary (MESA-COPD)
Principal investigator R. Graham Barr, M.D., Dr.PH.
Description Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in the US and will soon replace stroke as the third leading cause. Translation of promising biological hypotheses of COPD pathogenesis to human populations that may lead to new therapies is urgently needed. The vascular hypothesis of COPD was articulated almost 50 years ago. Bench research on endothelial dysfunction in COPD is evolving rapidly and has shown that acrolein in cigarette smoke causes endothelial apoptosis and endothelial apoptosis is directly implicated in COPD pathogenesis. Clinical studies on endothelial dysfunction and vascular changes in COPD are limited. The proposed study is a longitudinal study of smokers nested among the MESA-Lung (AAAA7791) and EMphysema and Cancer Action Project (EMCAP) Studies (AAAA6484), which together provide a well-defined cohort of 4,617 participants with prior spirometry and CT measures. The Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (MESA COPD Study) has two main scientific purposes: 1. characterize the pulmonary vascular changes in COPD and their biology, and 2. propose novel pathways for new therapies in COPD. MESA COPD is a longitudinal study of smokers nested within the MESA-Lung and EMCAP cohorts of 360 participants (160 cases with mild, 60 cases with moderate and 40 cases with severe COPD and 100 controls) who will be phenotyped with magnetic resonance (MR) pulmonary angiography, pulmonary function testing, full-lung CT scans, serum Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), cell assays and gene expression profiling. MESA COPD Study will contribute improving the knowledge of early changes in COPD that may lead to novel disease-modifying medical therapies and preventative strategies.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Columbia University.