Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions aortic valve stenosis, aortic valve calcification, aortic valve disease
Treatment lotus valve system
Sponsor Boston Scientific Corporation
Start date April 2012
End date May 2012
Trial size 11 participants
Trial identifier NCT01383720, TP3659

Summary

This is a prospective, single-arm feasibility study designed to assess the acute safety and performance of the Lotus Valve System for transcatheter aortic valve replacement in symptomatic patients with calcified aortic valve stenosis and who are at high risk for surgical intervention.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification safety study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Patients enrolled in the study to receive treatment with the Lotus Valve System for symptomatic aortic valve stenosis
lotus valve system
The Lotus Valve System includes the Lotus Valve, a bovine tissue tri-leaflet bioprosthetic aortic valve, and the Lotus Delivery Catheter for guidance and placement.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Clinical Procedural Success
time frame: Discharge or 7 days post-procedure, whichever comes first

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Device Performance Endpoint-Repositioning
time frame: procedure
Device Performance Endpoint-Valve Retrieval, if Attempted
time frame: procedure
Central Aortic Regurgitation
time frame: Discharge or 7 days post-procedure, whichever comes first
Paravalvular Aortic Regurgitation
time frame: Discharge or 7 days post-procedure, whichever comes first

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 70 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Patient must be at least 70 years of age or older, and meets all of the criteria below. 2. Patient has documented calcified native aortic valve stenosis, defined with an initial aortic valve area of <1.0 cm2 (or AVA index of <0.6 cm2/m2), and a mean pressure gradient >40 mmHg or a jet velocity >4 m/s, as measured by echocardiography. 3. The patient is considered at high risk for surgical aortic valve replacement with an STS score ≥8% or a EuroSCORE ≥20%, or documented multidisciplinary heart team agreement that the patient is at high risk for surgery due to frailty and/or coexisting comorbidities. 4. Symptomatic aortic valve stenosis with NYHA Functional Class ≥ II. 5. Patient has a documented aortic annulus size between 19 and 22 mm (able to accommodate the 23 mm Lotus™ Valve). Pre-procedure measurement by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is required. Other imaging modalities (e.g., transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), CT scan) can be used in an adjunctive manner. 6. Patient (or legal representative) understands the trial requirements and the treatment procedures, and provides written informed consent. 7. Patient agrees and is capable of returning to the study hospital for all required scheduled follow up visits. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patient has a congenital unicuspid or bicuspid aortic valve. 2. Patient with an acute myocardial infarction within 30 days of the index procedure (defined as Q wave MI, or non-Q wave MI with total CK elevation ≥ twice normal in the presence of CK-MB elevation and/or troponin level elevation (WHO definition)). 3. Patient has had a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or transient ischemic attack (TIA) within the past 6 months, or has any permanent neurologic defect prior to study enrollment. 4. Patient is on dialysis or has serum creatinine level >3.0 mg/dL. 5. Patient has a pre-existing prosthetic heart valve (aortic or mitral) or a prosthetic ring in any position. 6. Patient has >2+ mitral regurgitation or >2+ aortic regurgitation (ie., patient cannot have more than moderate mitral or aortic regurgitation). 7. Moderate to severe pulmonary hypertension (PA systolic pressure >60 mm Hg) as assessed by transthoracic echocardiography. 8. Patient has a need for emergency surgery for any reason. 9. Patient has a history of endocarditis within 12 months of index procedure or evidence of an active systemic infection or sepsis. 10. Patient has echocardiographic evidence of intra-cardiac mass, thrombus or vegetation. 11. Patient has Hgb <9 g/dL, platelet count <100,000 cells/mm3 or >700,000 cells/mm3, and white blood cell (WBC) count <3,000 cells/mm3. 12. Patient is receiving chronic (≥72 hours) anticoagulation therapy (e.g., heparin, warfarin) and who cannot tolerate concomitant therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel (patients who require chronic anticoagulation must be treated with either aspirin or clopidogrel). 13. Patient has active peptic ulcer disease, gastrointestinal (GI) bleed within the past 3 months, other bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy or will refuse transfusions. 14. Patient is contraindicated for transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). 15. Patient has known hypersensitivity to contrast agents that cannot be adequately pre-medicated, or has known hypersensitivity to aspirin, all thienopyridines, heparin, nickel, titanium, or polyurethanes. 16. Patient has a life expectancy of less than 12 months due to non-cardiac, co-morbid conditions based on the assessment of the investigator at the time of enrollment. 17. Patient has other cardiac devices or hardware with which the study device will interfere with device placement (per physician judgment). 18. Patient has hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. 19. Patient has any therapeutic invasive cardiac procedure within 30 days prior to the index procedure. 20. Untreated clinically significant coronary artery disease requiring revascularization. 21. Patient has documented LVEF <30%. 22. Patient is in cardiogenic shock or has hemodynamic instability requiring inotropic support or mechanical support devices. 23. Patient has severe peripheral vascular disease (including aneurysm defined as maximal luminal diameter >5cm or with documented presence of thrombus, marked tortuosity, narrowing of the abdominal aorta, severe unfolding of the thoracic aorta or thick (>5mm), protruding or ulcerated atheroma in the aortic arch) or symptomatic carotid or vertebral disease. 24. Patient has a femoral artery lumen of <6.0 mm or severe iliofemoral tortuosity or calcification that would prevent safe placement of the introducer sheath. 25. Current problems with substance abuse (e.g. alcohol, cocaine, heroin, etc). 26. Patient is participating in another investigational drug or device study that has not reached its primary endpoint. 27. Patient has preexisting untreated conduction system disorders: Type II second-degree AV block, bifascicular or trifascicular block.

Additional Information

Official title REpositionable Percutaneous Replacement of Stenotic Aortic Valve Through Implantation of Lotus™ Valve SystEm
Principal investigator Ian Meredith, MBBS, PhD
Description The incidence of aortic stenosis is increasing due to the aging of the world-wide population and the lack of drug therapies to prevent, halt, or effectively slow the stenotic process. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement has become a viable alternative for treatment of severe symptomatic aortic stenosis in selected patients who are unsuitable candidates for surgical valve replacement. The Lotus Valve System is designed to enable precise placement and minimize or eliminate the paravalvular regurgitation and associated adverse events seen with earlier generation devices. The REPRISE I study assesses acute safety and performance.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in May 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Boston Scientific Corporation.