Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions crime, substance abuse, hiv risk, criminogenic thinking, shame
Treatment impact of crime group intervention
Phase phase 1/phase 2
Sponsor George Mason University
Collaborator National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Start date August 2002
End date August 2013
Trial size 51 participants
Trial identifier NCT01380977, R01DA014694, R01DA014694-1

Summary

This pilot study is designed to evaluate the efficacy of the Impact of Crime (IOC) group intervention for jail inmates. The hypothesis is that participants in IOC will show decreases in criminogenic thinking, decreases in shame, increases in guilt, and increases in empathy, which in turn will be reflected in reduced recidivism (official records and self report), relative to those randomly assigned to a treatment as usual group.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (investigator, outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
impact of crime group intervention
A group intervention for 16 1.5 hr sessions held twice a week
(Active Comparator)
impact of crime group intervention
A group intervention for 16 1.5 hr sessions held twice a week

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Self reported recidivism (arrests and undetected offenses)
time frame: 1 year post-release up to 2 yrs post release
Self reported recidivism (arrests and undetected offenses)
time frame: 4 years post-release up to 5 yrs post release
Self reported recidivism (arrests and undetected offenses)
time frame: 7 years post-release up to 8 yrs post-release
Self reported recidivism (arrests and undetected offenses)
time frame: 10 years post-release up to 11 yrs post-release
Self-reported Substance Use and Dependence - TCU
time frame: 1 year post-release up to 2 yrs post-release
Self-reported Substance Use and Dependence - TCU
time frame: 4 years post-release up to 5 yrs post-release
Self-reported Substance Use and Dependence - TCU
time frame: 7 years post-release up to 8 yrs post-release
Self-reported Substance Use and Dependence - TCU
time frame: 10 years post-release up to 11 yrs post release
Self-reported HIV risk behaviors (sex and IDU) - TCU
time frame: 1 year post-release - up to 2 yrs post-release
Self-reported HIV risk behaviors (sex and IDU) - TCU
time frame: 4 years post-release up to 5 yrs post-release
Self-reported HIV risk behaviors (sex and IDU) - TCU
time frame: 7 years post-release up to 8 yrs post-release
Self-reported HIV risk behaviors (sex and IDU) - TCU
time frame: 10 years post-release up to 11 yrs post-release

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Changes from baseline in Self reported criminogenic beliefs - CCS
time frame: Baseline to post-treatment up to 9 mos
Changes from baseline in Self reported criminogenic beliefs - CCS
time frame: Baseline to pre-release up to 1.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in Self reported criminogenic beliefs - CCS
time frame: Baseline to 1 yr post-release up to 3.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in Self reported criminogenic beliefs - CCS
time frame: Baseline to 4 yrs post-release up to 6.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in Self reported criminogenic beliefs - CCS
time frame: Baseline to 7 yrs post-release up 9,5 yrs
Changes from baseline in Self reported criminogenic beliefs - CCS
time frame: Baseline to 10 yrs post-release up to 12.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in self-reported shame - TOSCA-SD
time frame: Baseline to post-treatment up to 9 mos
Changes from baseline in self-reported shame - TOSCA-SD
time frame: Baseline to pre-release up to 1.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in self-reported shame - TOSCA-SD
time frame: Baseline to 1 yr post release up to 3.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in self-reported shame - TOSCA-SD
time frame: Baseline to 4 yrs post release up to 6.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in self-reported shame - TOSCA-SD
time frame: Baseline to 7 yrs post release up to 9.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in self-reported shame - TOSCA-SD
time frame: Baseline to 10 yrs post release up to 12.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in self-reported Guilt - TOSCA-SD
time frame: Baseline to post-treatment up to 9 mos
Changes from baseline in self-reported Guilt - TOSCA-SD
time frame: Baseline to pre-release up to 1.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in self-reported Guilt - TOSCA-SD
time frame: Baseline to 1 yr post-release up to 3.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in self-reported Guilt - TOSCA-SD
time frame: Baseline to 4 yrs post-release up to 6.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in self-reported Guilt - TOSCA-SD
time frame: Baseline to 7 yrs post-release up to 9.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in self-reported Guilt - TOSCA-SD
time frame: Baseline to 10 yrs post-release up to 12.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in self-reported Empathy - IRI
time frame: Baseline to post-treatment up to 9 mos
Changes from baseline in self-reported Empathy - IRI
time frame: Baseline to pre-release up to 1.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in self-reported Empathy - IRI
time frame: Baseline to 1 year post-release up to 3.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in self-reported Empathy - IRI
time frame: Baseline to 4 years post-release up to 6.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in self-reported Empathy - IRI
time frame: Baseline to 7 years post-release up to 9.5 yrs
Changes from baseline in self-reported Empathy - IRI
time frame: Baseline to 10 years post-release up to 12.5 yrs

Eligibility Criteria

Male participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Must be 18 years or older - Must be male - Must be currently incarcerated jail inmate - Must be sentenced - Must speak, read, and write in English with sufficient proficiency to use workbook and participate in group sessions - Must be assigned to the jail's "general population" Exclusion Criteria: - Actively psychotic - Assigned "keep separate" from other group members

Additional Information

Principal investigator June P Tangney, Ph.D.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in May 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by George Mason University.