Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions kidney transplantation, kidney disease, kidney failure, chronic
Treatment mrnas encoding genes
Sponsor Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Collaborator Fondation Centaure
Start date June 2011
End date June 2016
Trial size 300 participants
Trial identifier NCT01380847, NI 09045

Summary

The investigators have shown that epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers in early protocol biopsies of the renal allograft predicts the progression of fibrosis during the first year post-transplantation.

The investigators will develop a non-invasive approach for predicting fibrosis as a substitute for the invasive allograft biopsy procedure, by longitudinal assessment of the mRNA expression level of genes implicated in EMT/fibrogenesis and inflammation in urinary cells from kidney transplant recipients during the first year post-transplantation.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Observational model cohort
Arm
To evaluate urine from KTRs during the first year post-transplantation to assess whether mRNA levels of genes involved in EMT/fibrogenesis can diagnose and predict CAN, and identify patients at risk of chronic allograft dysfunction
mrnas encoding genes
investigate whether the levels of 21 mRNAs encoding genes involved in EMT/fibrogenesis and the alloimmune response are a sensitive and specific non-invasive diagnostic test for CAN in renal allografts

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Renal allograft fibrosis
time frame: 2 years

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Renal allograft nephropathy
time frame: 4 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion criteria : - male and female adult recipients - patients undergoing primary or re-do deceased-donor or living-donor kidney transplantation - ability to provide informed consent Exclusion criteria : - patients undergoing combined organ transplantation - Contraindication to protocol allograft biopsy - Inability or unwillingness of a participant to provide informed consent. - HCV infected - HIV infected

Additional Information

Official title Early Prediction of Chronic Allograft Nephropathy by Non Invasive Monitoring of Urinary Cell mRNAs
Principal investigator Dany Anglicheau, MD, PhD
Description mRNA profiling of urinary cells is fast evolving as a non-invasive substitute for invasive biopsy procedures employed for predicting renal allograft outcomes. This technique has been successfully used to develop biomarkers of acute rejection, but has not been evaluated for the diagnosis of allograft fibrosis. The progressive scarring process of an allograft, called chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN), remains the chief cause of kidney transplant failure. We have shown by immunohistochemistry that epithelial changes suggestive of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in early protocol biopsies predict the progression of CAN during the first year post-transplantation. Our preliminary results suggest that the urinary cell mRNA profile is altered in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) with CAN. The purpose of this study is to evaluate urine from KTRs during the first year post-transplantation to assess whether mRNA levels of genes involved in EMT/fibrogenesis can diagnose and predict CAN, and identify patients at risk of chronic allograft dysfunction. The scientific underpinnings for our hypotheses are provided by (a) data showing that urinary cell mRNAs predict pathological changes (i.e., acute rejection) in renal allografts; and (b) our previous studies suggesting that CAN is characterized by altered urinary cell mRNA levels. Our specific aims are to (1) investigate whether the levels of 21 mRNAs encoding genes involved in EMT/fibrogenesis and the alloimmune response are a sensitive and specific non-invasive diagnostic test for CAN in renal allografts; (2) determine whether mRNA profiles of sequential urine specimens can predict the development of CAN during the first year post-transplantation; and (3) determine whether mRNA profiles of sequential urine specimens predict the subsequent development of graft dysfunction as assessed by estimated GFR at 12, 24 and 36 months after transplantation. Eligible patients will be consecutive KTRs from Necker Hospital during one year (n≈180). Urine samples will be collected at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months post-transplantation, and 21 mRNAs involved in EMT/fibrogenesis and the alloimmune response will be quantified by PCR. Allograft fibrosis will be quantified by image analysis, developed in our unit. Urinary cell mRNA profiles will be correlated with data from protocol biopsies (3 months and 1 year) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) at 1 and 3 years. Diagnostic and prognostic accuracy of mRNA levels will be determined. The identification of molecular markers of CAN may allow for early diagnosis of CAN (before the onset of fixed renal injury) and thus the development of specific therapeutic interventions.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in January 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris.