Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition extreme prematurity
Treatments epo, control
Phase phase 3
Sponsor University of Washington
Collaborator National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Start date December 2013
End date November 2018
Trial size 941 participants
Trial identifier NCT01378273, 41122-B

Summary

Recombinant human erythropoietin (Epo) is a promising novel neuroprotective agent. Epo decreases neuronal programmed cell death resulting from brain injury; it has anti-inflammatory effects, increases neurogenesis, and protects oligodendrocytes from injury.

We hypothesize that neonatal Epo treatment of ELGANs will decrease the combined outcome of death or severe NDI from 40% to 30% (primary outcome), or the combined outcome of death plus moderate or severe NDI from 60% to 40% (secondary outcome) measured at 24-26 months corrected age.

1. To determine whether Epo decreases the combined outcome of death or NDI at 24-26 months corrected age. NDI is defined as the presence of any one of the following: CP, Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd Edition (Bayley-III) Cognitive Scale < 70 (severe, 2 SD below mean) or 85 (moderate, 1 SD below mean). CP will be diagnosed and classified by standardized neurologic exam, with severity classified by Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS).

2. To determine whether there are risks to Epo administration in ELGANs by examining, in a blinded manner, Epo-related safety measures comparing infants receiving Epo with those given placebo.

3. To test whether Epo treatment decreases serial measures of circulating inflammatory mediators, and biomarkers of brain injury.

4. To compare brain structure (as measured by MRI) in Epo treatment and control groups at 36 weeks PMA. MRI assessments will include documentation of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), white matter injury (WMI) and hydrocephalus (HC), volume of total and deep gray matter, white matter and cerebellum, brain gyrification, and tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS based on diffusion tensor imaging). As an exploratory aim, we will determine which of the above MRI measurements best predict neurodevelopment (CP, cognitive and motor scales) at 24-26 months corrected age.

Anticipated outcomes: Early Epo treatment of ELGANs will decrease biochemical and MRI markers of brain injury, will be safe, and will confer improved neurodevelopmental outcome at 24-26 months corrected age compared to placebo, and will provide a much-needed therapy for this group of vulnerable infants.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking double blind (subject, caregiver, investigator, outcomes assessor)
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Placebo Comparator)
Subjects will receive 6 doses of vehicle intravenously during the first 2 weeks of life. Doses will be administered at 48 hour intervals from the time of enrollment. Following high dose administration, sham subcutaneous injections will be given three times a week through to 32-6/7 weeks postmenstrual age.
control Saline
Subjects will receive 6 doses of vehicle intravenously during the first 2 weeks of life. Doses will be administered at 48 hour intervals from the time of enrollment. Following high dose administration, sham subcutaneous injections will be given three times a week through to 32-6/7 weeks postmenstrual age.
(Experimental)
Subjects will receive 6 doses of intravenous Epo 1000 U/kg/dose at 48 hour intervals from the time of enrollment. Following the high dose period, subjects will receive subcutaneous Epo 400 U/kg/dose three times a week until 32-6/7 weeks postmenstrual age.
epo Epotin
Enrollment will occur within 24 hours of birth. Study drug will be administered intravenously for the first 6 doses. Subjects in the Epo arm will then receive 400 U/kg/dose three times a week until they reach 32-6/7 weeks postmenstrual age. Control infants will receive sham injections.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
neurodevelopmental outcome
time frame: 24-26 months corrected age

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
safety
time frame: term PMA
Imaging
time frame: 24-26 months
Biomarkers
time frame: 24-26 months of age

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 24 weeks up to 27 weeks old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. NICU inpatients between 24-0/7 and 27-6/7 weeks of gestation 2. Less than twenty four hours of age 3. Parental informed consent Exclusion Criteria: 1. Major life-threatening anomalies (brain, cardiac, chromosomal anomalies) 2. Hematologic crises such as DIC, or hemolysis due to blood group incompatibilities 3. Polycythemia (hematocrit > 65) 4. Congenital infection

Additional Information

Official title Preterm Erythropoietin Neuroprotection Trial (PENUT Trial)
Principal investigator Sandra E Juul, MD, PhD
Description This is a randomized, placebo-controlled, study of Epo treatment of preterm infants 24-0/7 to 27-6/7 weeks of gestation, beginning in the first 24 hours after birth. Randomization will be stratified by site and gestational age at birth (<26 week or 26-27-6/7). Study size sample is 940 patients. We expect to evaluate 752 subjects at 24-26 months corrected age, our primary endpoint. There is no enrollment restriction based on gender, ethnicity or race. Enrollment is expected to take 24-26 months, with each subject participating through 24-26 months corrected age when neurodevelopmental outcomes are assessed. The combined outcome of death or severe NDI will be compared between Epo-treated and control subjects. All outcomes will be collected in a blinded manner. Subjects will be randomized by the data-coordinating center (DCC) to Epo treatment or placebo, and Epo treatment will continue until 32-6/7 weeks post menstrual age. Serial measurements of circulating inflammatory mediators and biomarkers of brain injury will be made. A brain MRI will be done at 36 weeks post menstrual age in the same subset of infants. Phone contact will occur at 4, 8, 12, and 18 months. Face to face follow up will occur at 24-26 months corrected age. The primary outcome is death or severe NDI at 24-26 months corrected age, with a secondary outcome of death or moderate NDI. Our primary sample size calculation is based on the conservative assumptions that Epo treatment will result in a 40% reduction in the severe NDI rate (the range in animal studies is 49-70%) and minimal impact on death. This would yield a control group rate for the primary outcome of 40.4% and an expected treated rate of 31.5% thus yielding an 8.9% lower rate of Death + NDI.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by University of Washington.