This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition persistent atrial fibrillation
Treatments rfca of pv and extra-pv triggers, laa isolation along with the conventional ablation strategy
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Texas Cardiac Arrhythmia Research Foundation
Start date November 2010
End date June 2014
Trial size 156 participants
Trial identifier NCT01362738, TCAI_BELIEF


The purpose of this prospective randomized study is to assess whether empirical Left Atrial Appendage (LAA) isolation along with the standard approach of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and ablation of extra-pulmonary triggers is superior to the standard approach alone in enhancing the long-term success rate of catheter ablation in persistent or long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) patients.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
(Active Comparator)
Conventional approach which includes pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and ablation of extra-pulmonary triggers
rfca of pv and extra-pv triggers
PVAI and isolation of extra PV triggers
(Active Comparator)
LAA isolation along with the conventional ablation strategy
laa isolation along with the conventional ablation strategy
PVAI + isolation of extra PV triggers + LAA isolation

Primary Outcomes

Freedom from AF/ATs
time frame: 12 months

Secondary Outcomes

Severe adverse events due to cardiac cause
time frame: 12 months

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 75 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: 1. 18-75 years 2. History of PeAF or LSP AF refractory to antiarrhythmic drugs 3. Willing and ability to understand and sign an informed consent Exclusion Criteria: 1. Reversible causes of AF (hyperthyroidism) 2. Left atrial thrombus 3. Moderate to severe valvular heart disease 4. Contraindication for anticoagulation 5. Life expectancy < 12 months 6. Pregnancy

Additional Information

Official title Effect of Empirical Left Atrial Appendage Isolation on Long-term Procedure Outcome in Patients With Persistent or Long-standing Persistent Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Catheter Ablation
Principal investigator Andrea Natale, MD
Description Persistent (PeAF) and long-standing persistent (LSP) AF are defined as sustained AFs extending beyond seven days and one year respectively (1). Hypertensive, ischemic, valvular and other structural heart diseases most commonly underlie these arrhythmias (2) and the resulting abnormal atrial substrate is believed to be the major contributor toward perpetuation of AF in these non-paroxysmal categories. Several studies have demonstrated that pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) by radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) though successfully restores sinus rhythm in most patients with paroxysmal AF; it has limited success in these sustained arrhythmias (3). Presence of potential trigger-generating areas in the left and right atrium besides pulmonary veins, with reported incidence from 3.2% to 47% (4), can be held responsible for this limited success. These areas include superior vena cava, ligament of Marshall, crista terminalis, coronary sinus, left atrial (LA) posterior wall and LA appendage (3). Therefore, in order to enhance the procedural-success rate, various hybrid measures have emerged to target the PV as well as extra-PV areas that have the ability to initiate or maintain AF. Several previous studies have demonstrated the prevalence of LAA firing in patients with recurrence of AF/AT (atrial tachycardia) after catheter ablation of AF (4). Embryologically, LAA is the remnant of primitive LA, which is formed by the adsorption of primordial PV and their branches during 4th week of embryonic development. Therefore, it is logical to suggest that LAA may initiate AF like pulmonary veins. In an earlier study conducted by our group on 987 AF patients, LAA firing was revealed to be the source of AF in 27% of patients and 93% of those patients were arrhythmia free 6 months after LAA isolation (4). Our study aims to compare the procedure outcome for two different ablation strategies; 1) standard approach of pulmonary vein isolation extended to the posterior wall down to the coronary sinus and to the left side of the interatrial septum along with isolation of superior vena cava and ablation of complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAE) in the atria and coronary sinus, 2) standard approach plus LAA isolation. Hypothesis: LAA isolation combined with standard ablation procedure enhances the procedural success rate in non-paroxysmal AF patients undergoing catheter ablation.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in October 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Texas Cardiac Arrhythmia Research Foundation.